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... pulp. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. PARCHMENT. parch ... first used. Parchment
is made from the skins of sheep, goats or young calves. ...
/p/parchment.htm - 8k

Pergamos (1 Occurrence)
...Parchment (qv) was first made here, and was called by the Greeks pergamene, from
the name of the city. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. PERGAMOS; PERGAMUM. ...
/p/pergamos.htm - 12k

Pergamum (2 Occurrences)
... The books were of parchment which was here first used; hence, the word "parchment,"
which is derived from the name of the town Pergamos. ...
/p/pergamum.htm - 12k

Parchments (1 Occurrence)
... writing on (2 Timothy 4:13). In Greek and Roman times parchment was much
employed as a writing material. "At Rome, in the 1st century ...
/p/parchments.htm - 10k

Samaritan (8 Occurrences)
... His description (Nablus and the Modern Samaritans, 312) is that "the roll is of
parchment, written in columns, 13 inches deep, and 7 1/2 inches wide. ...
/s/samaritan.htm - 42k

Frontlets (3 Occurrences)
... These they called tephillin, ie, "prayers." The passages so written out on strips
of parchment were these, Exodus 12:2-10; 13:11-21; Deuteronomy 6:4-9; 11:18-21 ...
/f/frontlets.htm - 9k

Tanner (3 Occurrences)
... skins. The skins for pouches are either tawed, ie tanned with a mineral
salt like alum, or treated like parchment (see PARCHMENT). ...
/t/tanner.htm - 11k

... 2. (n.) A small square box, made either of parchment or of black calfskin, containing
slips of parchment or vellum on which are written the scriptural passages ...
/p/phylactery.htm - 13k

Phylacteries (2 Occurrences)
... defences" or "protections"), called by modern Jews tephillin (ie, "prayers") are
mentioned only in Matthew 23:5. They consisted of strips of parchment on which ...
/p/phylacteries.htm - 8k

Roll (57 Occurrences)
... wrap round on itself; to form into a spherical or cylindrical body by causing to
turn over and over; as, to roll a sheet of paper; to roll parchment; to roll ...
/r/roll.htm - 33k

3200. membrana -- parchment
... parchment. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: membrana Phonetic Spelling:
(mem-bran'-ah) Short Definition: a parchment leaf Definition: a parchment ...
/greek/3200.htm - 6k

5440. phulakterion -- an outpost, fortification, an amulet
... Phonetic Spelling: (foo-lak-tay'-ree-on) Short Definition: a phylactery, an amulet
Definition: a phylactery, an amulet, a parchment capsule containing little ...
/greek/5440.htm - 7k

Smith's Bible Dictionary


ATS Bible Dictionary


International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

parch'-ment (membrana (2 Timothy 4:13)): The word "parchment "which occurs only once (2 Timothy 4:13), is derived from Latin pergamena (Greek Pergamene), i.e. pertaining to Pergamum, the name of an ancient city in Asia Minor where, it is believed, parchment was first used. Parchment is made from the skins of sheep, goats or young calves. The hair and fleshy portions of the skin are removed as in tanning by first soaking in lime and then dehairing, scraping and washing. The skin is then stretched on a frame and treated with powdered chalk, or other absorptive agent, to remove the fatty substances, and is then dried. It is finally given a smooth surface by rubbing with powdered pumice. Parchment was extensively used at the time of the early Christians for scrolls, legal documents, etc., having replaced papyrus for that purpose. It was no doubt used at even a much earlier time. The roll mentioned in Jeremiah 36 may have been of parchment. Scrolls were later replaced by codices of the same material. After the arabs introduced paper, parchment was still used for centuries for the book bindings. Diplomas printed on "sheepskins," still issued by many universities, represent the survival of an ancient use of parchment. See following article.

James A. Patch

Easton's Bible Dictionary
A skin prepared for writing on; so called from Pergamos (q.v.), where this was first done (2 Timothy 4:13).

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The skin of a lamb, sheep, goat, young calf, or other animal, prepared for writing on. See Vellum.

2. (n.) The envelope of the coffee grains, inside the pulp.

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