Smith's Bible DictionarySaffron
(yellow). (Solomon 4:14) Saffron has front the earliest times been in high esteem as a perfume. "It was used," says Rosenmuller, "for the same purposes as the modern pot-pourri." The word saffron is derived from the Arabic zafran , "yellow." (The saffron (Crocus sativus) is a kind of crocus of the iris family. It is used its a medicine, as a flavoring and as a yellow dye. Homer, Virgil and Milton refer to its beauty in the landscape. It abounds in Palestine name saffron is usually applied only to the stigmas and part of the style, which are plucked out and dried. --ED.)
ATS Bible DictionarySaffron
The common Crocus Sativus, a small bluish flower, whose yellow, thread-like stigmata yield an agreeable aromatic odor; and also the Indian saffron, So 4:14. In the East these were used in making a highly valued perfume, and also as a condiment and a stimulating medicine.
International Standard Bible EncyclopediaSAFFRON
saf'-run (karkom; krokos): Identical with the Arabic kurqum, the same as za`faran, "saffron." The source of the true saffron is Crocus sativus (Natural Order, Indaceae), a plant cultivated in Palestine; there are 8 wild varieties in all of which, as in the cultivated species, the orange-colored styles and stigmas yield the yellow dye, saffron. Songs 4:14 probably refers to the C. sativus. There is a kind of bastard saffron plant, the Carthamus tinctorius (Natural Order, Compositae), of which the orange-colored flowers yield a dye like saffron.
E. W. G. Masterman
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Hebrews karkom, Arab. zafran (i.e., "yellow"), mentioned only in Cant. 4:13, 14; the Crocus sativus. Many species of the crocus are found in Palestine. The pistils and stigmata, from the centre of its flowers, are pressed into "saffron cakes," common in the East. "We found," says Tristram, "saffron a very useful condiment in travelling cookery, a very small pinch of it giving not only a rich yellow colour but an agreable flavour to a dish of rice or to an insipid stew."
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
) A bulbous iridaceous plant (Crocus sativus) having blue flowers with large yellow stigmas. See Crocus
2. (n.) The aromatic, pungent, dried stigmas, usually with part of the stile, of the Crocus sativus. Saffron is used in cookery, and in coloring confectionery, liquors, varnishes, etc., and was formerly much used in medicine.
3. (n.) An orange or deep yellow color, like that of the stigmas of the Crocus sativus.
4. (a.) Having the color of the stigmas of saffron flowers; deep orange-yellow; as, a saffron face; a saffron streamer.
5. (v. t.) To give color and flavor to, as by means of saffron; to spice.
Strong's Hebrew3750. karkom -- saffron...
<< 3749, 3750. karkom. 3751 >>. saffron
. Transliteration: karkom Phonetic
Spelling: (kar-kome') Short Definition: saffron
. Word Origin ... /hebrew/3750.htm - 5k
2261. chabatstseleth -- meadow saffron or crocus
... chabatstseleth. 2262 >>. meadow saffron or crocus. Transliteration: chabatstseleth
Phonetic Spelling: (khab-ats-tseh'-leth) Short Definition: crocus. ...
/hebrew/2261.htm - 6k