3115. makrothumia
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makrothumia: patience, long-suffering
Original Word: μακροθυμία, ας, ἡ
Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine
Transliteration: makrothumia
Phonetic Spelling: (mak-roth-oo-mee'-ah)
Short Definition: patience, forbearance
Definition: patience, forbearance, longsuffering.

HELPS word-Studies

3115 makrothymía (from 3117 /makrós, "long" and 2372 /thymós, "passion, anger") – properly, long-passion, i.e. waiting sufficient time before expressing anger. This avoids the premature use of force (retribution) that rises out of improper anger (a personal reaction).

3115 /makrothymía ("divinely-regulated patience") is used of God Himself (see 1 Pet 3:20; 2 Pet 3:15). Indeed, only the Lord produces 3115 /makrothymía ("true patience, longsuffering") in us and hence is a fruit of the Spirit (Gal 5:22).

"3115 (makrothymía) embraces steadfastness and staying-power. If in English we had an adjective 'long-tempered' as a counterpart to 'short-tempered,' then makrothymia could be called the quality of being 'long-tempered'. . . . which is a quality of God (LXX, Ex 34:6)" (F. F. Bruce, Commentary on Galatians, 253).

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from makros and thumos
patience, long-suffering
NASB Translation
patience (14).

STRONGS NT 3115: μακροθυμία

μακροθυμία, μακροθυμίας, (μακρόθυμος (cf. μακροθυμέω)) (Vulg.longanimitas, etc.), i. e.:

1. patience, endurance, constancy, steadfastness, perseverance; especially as shown in bearing troubles and ills (Plutarch, Luc. 32f; ἄνθρωπος ὤν μηδέποτε τήν ἀλυπιαν αἰτου παρά θεῶν, ἀλλά μακροθυμίαν, Menander fragment 19, p. 203, Meineke edition (vol. iv., p. 238 Frag. comic. Graec. (Berl. 1841))): Colossians 1:11; 2 Timothy 3:10; Hebrews 6:12; James 5:10; Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 64 [ET]; the Epistle of Barnabas 2, 2 [ET]; (Isaiah 57:15; Josephus, b. j. 6, 1, 5; cf. 1 Macc. 8:4).

2. patience, forbearance, long-suffering, slowness in avenging wrongs, (for אַפַּיִם אֶרֶך, Jeremiah 15:15): Romans 2:4; Romans 9:22; 2 Corinthians 6:6; Galatians 5:22; Ephesians 4:2; Colossians 3:12; 1 Timothy 1:16 (cf. Buttmann, 120 (105)); 2 Timothy 4:2; 1 Peter 3:20; 2 Peter 3:15; (Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 13, 1 [ET]; Ignatius ad Eph. 3, 1 [ET]). [SYNONYMS: μακροθυμία, ὑπομονή (occur together or in the same context in Colossians 1:11; 2 Corinthians 6:4, 6; 2 Timothy 3:10; James 5:10, 11; cf. Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 64 [ET]: Ignatius ad Eph. 3, 1 [ET]): Lightfoot remarks (on Colossians, the passage cited), "The difference of meaning is best seen in their opposites. While ὑπομονή is the temper which does not easily succumb under suffering, μακροθυμία is the self-restraint which does not hastily retaliate a wrong. The one is opposed to cowardice or despondency, the other to wrath or revenge (Proverbs 15:18; Proverbs 16:32) ... This distinction, though it applies generally, is not true without exception" ...; cf. also his note on Colossians 3:12, and see (more at length) Trench, N. T. Synonyms, § liii.]

longsuffering, patience.

From the same as makrothumos; longanimity, i.e. (objectively) forbearance or (subjectively) fortitude -- longsuffering, patience.

see GREEK makrothumos

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