Smith's Bible DictionaryPlough
The ploughs of ancient Egypt consisted of a share-often pointed with iron or bronze--two handles and a pole which was inserted into the base of the two handles. Ploughs in Palestine have usually but one handle with a pole joined to it near the ground and drawn by oxen, cows or camels.
ATS Bible DictionaryPlough
A slight and inefficient instrument in the East, but used from the earliest times, Genesis 45:6 De 22:10 Job 1:14. See cut in MEROM.
The plough now generally used in Syria consists substantially of but three parts; the beam or pole fastened to the yoke; the ploughshare; and the handle. The two latter parts, and even all three, are sometimes formed of a single branch of a tree with two limbs projecting in opposite directions. The ploughshare is sometimes defended by a strip of iron, Isaiah 2:4 Joel 3:10. As the handle was single, and with attention was easily managed by one hand, Luke 9:62, the ploughman brandished in the other a formidable goad, six or eight feet long, armed at the point with a pike, and at the heavy end, which was two inches thick, with a small iron spade for clearing the share from clay, Jud 3:31 1 Samuel 13:21 Acts 9:5. Ploughs were drawn by oxen asses, and heifers, De 22:10 Jud 14:18; at this day camels and cows are also used in Palestine. Ploughing commenced soon after the autumnal rains had set in, towards the last of October.
Easton's Bible Dictionary
First referred to in Genesis 45:6
, where the Authorized Version has "earing," but the Revised Version "ploughing;" next in Exodus 34:21
and Deuteronomy 21:4
. The plough was originally drawn by oxen, but sometimes also by asses and by men. (see AGRICULTURE
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n. & v.
) See Plow
2. (n.) A well-known implement, drawn by horses, mules, oxen, or other power, for turning up the soil to prepare it for bearing crops; also used to furrow or break up the soil for other purposes; as, the subsoil plow; the draining plow.
3. (n.) Fig.: Agriculture; husbandry.
4. (n.) A carucate of land; a plowland.
5. (n.) A joiner's plane for making grooves; a grooving plane.
6. (n.) An implement for trimming or shaving off the edges of books.
7. (n.) Same as Charles's Wain.
8. (v. t.) To turn up, break up, or trench, with a plow; to till with, or as with, a plow; as, to plow the ground; to plow a field.
9. (v. t.) To furrow; to make furrows, grooves, or ridges in; to run through, as in sailing.
10. (v. t.) To trim, or shave off the edges of, as a book or paper, with a plow. See Plow, n., 5.
11. (n.) To cut a groove in, as in a plank, or the edge of a board; especially, a rectangular groove to receive the end of a shelf or tread, the edge of a panel, a tongue, etc.
12. (v. i.) To labor with, or as with, a plow; to till or turn up the soil with a plow; to prepare the soil or bed for anything.
Strong's Hebrew1239. baqar -- to inquire, seek...
A primitive root; properly, to plough
, or (generally) break forth, ie (figuratively)
to inspect, admire, care for, consider -- (make) inquire (-ry), (make ... /hebrew/1239.htm - 6k
6776. tsemed -- a couple, pair
... A yoke or team (ie Pair); hence, an acre (ie Day's task for a yoke of cattle to
plough) -- acre, couple, X together, two (donkeys), yoke (of oxen). ...
/hebrew/6776.htm - 6k
6605. pathach -- to open
... A primitive root; to open wide (literally or figuratively); specifically, to loosen,
begin, plough, carve -- appear, break forth, draw (out), let go free, (en ...
/hebrew/6605.htm - 5k
2790. charash -- to cut in, engrave, plow, devise
... A primitive root; to scratch, ie (by implication) to engrave, plough; hence (from
the use of tools) to fabricate (of any material); figuratively, to devise (in ...
/hebrew/2790.htm - 6k