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Cattle (277 Occurrences)

Matthew 22:4 Again he sent out other servants, saying,'Tell those who are invited, "Behold, I have made ready my dinner. My cattle and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready. Come to the marriage feast!"' (WEB WEY NIV)

Luke 2:7 And she had her first son; and folding him in linen, she put him to rest in the place where the cattle had their food, because there was no room for them in the house. (BBE)

Luke 2:12 And this is the sign to you: you will see a young child folded in linen, in the place where the cattle have their food. (BBE)

Luke 2:16 And they came quickly, and saw Mary and Joseph, and the child in the place where the cattle had their food. (BBE)

Luke 14:19 And another said, I have got some cattle, and I am going to make a test of them: I am full of regret that I am unable to come. (BBE)

Luke 17:7 But which of you, having a servant plowing or feeding cattle, will say unto him by and by, when he is come from the field, Go and sit down to meat? (KJV WBS)

John 2:14 And He found in the Temple the dealers in cattle and sheep and in pigeons, and the money-changers sitting there. (WEY NIV)

John 2:15 He made a whip of cords, and threw all out of the temple, both the sheep and the oxen; and he poured out the changers' money, and overthrew their tables. (See NIV)

John 4:12 Art thou greater than our father Jacob, which gave us the well, and drank thereof himself, and his children, and his cattle? (KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

1 Corinthians 9:7 What soldier ever serves at his own cost? Who plants a vineyard and yet does not eat any of the grapes? Or who tends a herd of cattle and yet does not taste their milk? (WEY)

1 Corinthians 15:39 All flesh is not the same: there is human flesh, and flesh of cattle, of birds, and of fishes. (WEY)

Revelation 18:13 Also cinnamon and amomum; odors to burn as incense or for perfume; frankincense, wine, oil; fine flour, wheat, cattle and sheep; horses and carriages and slaves; and the lives of men. (WEY ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 1:24 And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Genesis 1:25 And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Genesis 1:26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Genesis 2:20 And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Genesis 3:14 And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life: (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Genesis 4:20 And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS RSV)

Genesis 6:7 And Jehovah said, I will destroy Man, whom I have created, from the earth from man to cattle, to creeping things, and to fowl of the heavens; for I repent that I have made them. (DBY)

Genesis 6:20 Of fowls after their kind, and of cattle after their kind, of every creeping thing of the earth after his kind, two of every sort shall come unto thee, to keep them alive. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)

Genesis 7:14 They, and every beast after his kind, and all the cattle after their kind, and every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind, and every fowl after his kind, every bird of every sort. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV)

Genesis 7:21 And all flesh died that moved upon the earth, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of beast, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth, and every man: (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Genesis 7:23 And every living substance was destroyed which was upon the face of the ground, both man, and cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of the heaven; and they were destroyed from the earth: and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in the ark. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS)

Genesis 8:1 And God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the ark: and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters assuaged; (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Genesis 8:16 every living thing that 'is' with thee, of all flesh, among fowl, and among cattle, and among every creeping thing which is creeping on the earth, bring out with thee; (YLT)

Genesis 8:17 Bring forth with thee every living thing that is with thee, of all flesh, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth; that they may breed abundantly in the earth, and be fruitful, and multiply upon the earth. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS)

Genesis 9:10 And with every living creature that is with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earth with you; from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Genesis 12:16 He dealt well with Abram for her sake. He had sheep, cattle, male donkeys, male servants, female servants, female donkeys, and camels. (WEB NIV)

Genesis 13:2 And Abram was very rich in cattle, in silver, and in gold. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Genesis 13:7 And there was a strife between the herdmen of Abram's cattle and the herdmen of Lot's cattle: and the Canaanite and the Perizzite dwelled then in the land. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Genesis 20:14 Abimelech took sheep and cattle, male servants and female servants, and gave them to Abraham, and restored Sarah, his wife, to him. (WEB NIV)

Genesis 21:27 Abraham took sheep and cattle, and gave them to Abimelech. Those two made a covenant. (WEB NIV)

Genesis 24:35 And Jehovah has blessed my master greatly, and he is become great; and he has given him sheep and cattle, and silver and gold, and bondmen and bondwomen, and camels and asses. (DBY NIV)

Genesis 29:7 And he said, Lo, it is yet high day, neither is it time that the cattle should be gathered together: water ye the sheep, and go and feed them. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)

Genesis 30:29 And he said unto him, Thou knowest how I have served thee, and how thy cattle was with me. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV)

Genesis 30:39 And the flocks conceived before the rods, and brought forth cattle ring-streaked, speckled, and spotted. (KJV WBS)

Genesis 30:40 And Jacob did separate the lambs, and set the faces of the flocks toward the ring-streaked, and all the brown in the flock of Laban; and he put his own flocks by themselves, and put them not unto Laban's cattle. (KJV WBS)

Genesis 30:41 And it came to pass, whensoever the stronger cattle did conceive, that Jacob laid the rods before the eyes of the cattle in the gutters, that they might conceive among the rods. (KJV DBY WBS)

Genesis 30:42 But when the cattle were feeble, he put them not in: so the feebler were Laban's, and the stronger Jacob's. (KJV WBS)

Genesis 30:43 And the man increased exceedingly, and had much cattle, and maidservants, and menservants, and camels, and asses. (KJV DBY WBS)

Genesis 31:8 If he said thus, The speckled shall be thy wages; then all the cattle bare speckled: and if he said thus, The ring-streaked shall be thy hire; then bare all the cattle ring-streaked. (KJV WBS)

Genesis 31:9 Thus God hath taken away the cattle of your father, and given them to me. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS RSV)

Genesis 31:10 And it came to pass at the time that the cattle conceived, that I lifted up mine eyes, and saw in a dream, and, behold, the rams which leaped upon the cattle were ring-streaked, speckled, and grizzled. (KJV WBS)

Genesis 31:12 And he said, Lift up now thine eyes, and see, all the rams which leap upon the cattle are ring-streaked, speckled, and grizzled: for I have seen all that Laban doeth unto thee. (KJV WBS)

Genesis 31:18 And he carried away all his cattle, and all his goods which he had gotten, the cattle of his getting, which he had gotten in Padanaram, for to go to Isaac his father in the land of Canaan. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Genesis 31:41 Thus have I been twenty years in thy house; I served thee fourteen years for thy two daughters, and six years for thy cattle: and thou hast changed my wages ten times. (KJV WBS)

Genesis 31:43 And Laban answered and said unto Jacob, These daughters are my daughters, and these children are my children, and these cattle are my cattle, and all that thou seest is mine: and what can I do this day unto these my daughters, or unto their children which they have born? (KJV WBS)

Genesis 32:5 I have cattle, donkeys, flocks, male servants, and female servants. I have sent to tell my lord, that I may find favor in your sight.'" (WEB NIV)

Genesis 32:7 Then Jacob was greatly afraid, and was distressed; and he divided the people that were with him, and the sheep and the cattle and the camels, into two troops. (DBY)

Genesis 33:14 Let my lord, I pray thee, pass over before his servant: and I will lead on softly, according as the cattle that goeth before me and the children be able to endure, until I come unto my lord unto Seir. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV)

Genesis 33:17 And Jacob journeyed to Succoth, and built him an house, and made booths for his cattle: therefore the name of the place is called Succoth. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Genesis 34:5 And Jacob heard that he had defiled Dinah his daughter: now his sons were with his cattle in the field: and Jacob held his peace until they were come. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Genesis 34:23 Shall not their cattle and their substance and every beast of theirs be ours? only let us consent unto them, and they will dwell with us. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Genesis 36:7 For their riches were more than that they might dwell together; and the land wherein they were strangers could not bear them because of their cattle. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Genesis 41:2 Behold, there came up out of the river seven cattle, sleek and fat, and they fed in the marsh grass. (WEB)

Genesis 41:3 Behold, seven other cattle came up after them out of the river, ugly and thin, and stood by the other cattle on the brink of the river. (WEB)

Genesis 41:4 The ugly and thin cattle ate up the seven sleek and fat cattle. So Pharaoh awoke. (WEB)

Genesis 41:18 and behold, there came up out of the river seven cattle, fat and sleek. They fed in the marsh grass, (WEB)

Genesis 41:19 and behold, seven other cattle came up after them, poor and very ugly and thin, such as I never saw in all the land of Egypt for ugliness. (WEB)

Genesis 41:20 The thin and ugly cattle ate up the first seven fat cattle, (WEB)

Genesis 41:26 The seven good cattle are seven years; and the seven good heads of grain are seven years. The dream is one. (WEB)

Genesis 41:27 The seven thin and ugly cattle that came up after them are seven years, and also the seven empty heads of grain blasted with the east wind; they will be seven years of famine. (WEB)

Genesis 43:16 And Joseph saw Benjamin with them, and said to the man who was over his house, Bring the men into the house, and slaughter cattle, and make ready; for the men shall eat with me at noon. (DBY)

Genesis 45:10 And thou shalt dwell in the land of Goshen, and thou shalt be near to me, thou, and thy sons, and thy sons' sons, and thy sheep, and thy cattle, and all that thou hast. (DBY)

Genesis 46:6 And they took their cattle, and their goods, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him: (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Genesis 46:32 And the men are shepherds, for their trade hath been to feed cattle; and they have brought their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Genesis 46:34 That ye shall say, Thy servants' trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, and also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Genesis 47:1 And Joseph came and told Pharaoh and said, My father and my brethren, and their sheep and their cattle, and all that they have, are come out of the land of Canaan; and behold, they are in the land of Goshen. (DBY)

Genesis 47:5 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, Let them have the land of Goshen; and if there are any able men among them, put them over my cattle. (BBE)

Genesis 47:6 The land of Egypt is before thee; in the best of the land make thy father and brethren to dwell; in the land of Goshen let them dwell: and if thou knowest any men of activity among them, then make them rulers over my cattle. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Genesis 47:16 And Joseph said, Give your cattle; and I will give you for your cattle, if money fail. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Genesis 47:17 And they brought their cattle unto Joseph: and Joseph gave them bread in exchange for horses, and for the flocks, and for the cattle of the herds, and for the asses: and he fed them with bread for all their cattle for that year. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)

Genesis 47:18 When that year was ended, they came unto him the second year, and said unto him, We will not hide it from my lord, how that our money is spent; my lord also hath our herds of cattle; there is not ought left in the sight of my lord, but our bodies, and our lands: (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Genesis 49:6 My soul, don't come into their council. My glory, don't be united to their assembly; for in their anger they killed men. In their self-will they hamstrung cattle. (WEB)

Exodus 9:3 Behold, the hand of the LORD is upon thy cattle which is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)

Exodus 9:4 And the LORD shall sever between the cattle of Israel and the cattle of Egypt: and there shall nothing die of all that is the children's of Israel. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Exodus 9:6 And the LORD did that thing on the morrow, and all the cattle of Egypt died: but of the cattle of the children of Israel died not one. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Exodus 9:7 And Pharaoh sent, and, behold, there was not one of the cattle of the Israelites dead. And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he did not let the people go. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Exodus 9:9 And it shall become fine dust over all the land of Egypt, and shall become boils on man and on cattle, breaking out with blisters, throughout the land of Egypt. (DBY YLT)

Exodus 9:10 And they took ashes of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh; and Moses sprinkled it toward the heavens; and it became boils with blisters breaking out on man and on cattle. (DBY)

Exodus 9:19 Send therefore now, and gather thy cattle, and all that thou hast in the field; for upon every man and beast which shall be found in the field, and shall not be brought home, the hail shall come down upon them, and they shall die. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Exodus 9:20 He that feared the word of the LORD among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his cattle flee into the houses: (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Exodus 9:21 And he that regarded not the word of the LORD left his servants and his cattle in the field. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Exodus 9:22 And Jehovah said to Moses, Stretch out thy hand toward the heavens, that there may be hail throughout the land of Egypt, upon men, and upon cattle, and upon every herb of the field in the land of Egypt. (DBY)

Exodus 9:25 And the hail smote throughout the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both men and cattle; and the hail smote every herb of the field, and broke every tree of the field. (DBY)

Exodus 10:26 Our cattle also shall go with us; there shall not an hoof be left behind; for thereof must we take to serve the LORD our God; and we know not with what we must serve the LORD, until we come thither. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Exodus 11:5 and all the first-born in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first-born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the first-born of the maid-servant that is behind the mill; and all the first-born of cattle. (ASV BBE DBY JPS NAS RSV NIV)

Exodus 12:29 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV)

Exodus 12:38 And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Exodus 13:2 Hallow unto me every firstborn, whatever breaketh open the womb among the children of Israel, of man and of cattle: it is mine. (DBY)

Exodus 13:12 that thou shalt offer unto Jehovah all that breaketh open the womb, and every firstling that cometh of cattle which is thine: the males shall be Jehovah's. (DBY RSV)

Exodus 13:15 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, that Jehovah slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of men and the firstborn of cattle: therefore I sacrifice to Jehovah all that breaketh open the womb being males; and every firstborn of my children I ransom. (DBY RSV)

Exodus 17:3 And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Wherefore is this that thou hast brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst? (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Exodus 20:10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Exodus 20:24 You shall make an altar of earth for me, and shall sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and your peace offerings, your sheep and your cattle. In every place where I record my name I will come to you and I will bless you. (WEB NIV)

Exodus 22:1 "If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and kills it, or sells it; he shall pay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep. (See NIV)

Exodus 22:5 If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, and put in his cattle, and pasture in another man's field, of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard shall he make it good. (DBY)

Exodus 22:10 If a man deliver unto his neighbour an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any cattle, to keep, and it die, or be hurt, or driven away, and no man see it, (DBY)

Exodus 22:30 You shall do likewise with your cattle and with your sheep. Seven days it shall be with its mother, then on the eighth day you shall give it to me. (WEB NIV)

Exodus 24:5 He sent young men of the children of Israel, who offered burnt offerings and sacrificed peace offerings of cattle to Yahweh. (WEB)


Cattle (277 Occurrences)
... They may be classified as,. (1.) Neat cattle. Many hundreds of these were yearly
consumed in sacrifices or used for food. ... (2.) Small cattle. ...
/c/cattle.htm - 52k

Cattle-house (2 Occurrences)
Cattle-house. << Cattle-food, Cattle-house. Cauda >>. Multi-Version
Concordance Cattle-house (2 Occurrences). Amos 6:4 Who ...
/c/cattle-house.htm - 7k

Cattle-food (1 Occurrence)
Cattle-food. << Cattle, Cattle-food. Cattle-house >>. Multi-Version Concordance
Cattle-food (1 Occurrence). Genesis 24:25 And she said ...
/c/cattle-food.htm - 6k

Baggage-cattle (1 Occurrence)
Baggage-cattle. << Baggage, Baggage-cattle. Bago >>. Multi-Version
Concordance Baggage-cattle (1 Occurrence). Acts 21:15 ...
/b/baggage-cattle.htm - 6k

Rams (81 Occurrences)
... Genesis 31:10 And it came to pass at the time that the cattle conceived, that I
lifted up mine eyes, and saw in a dream, and, behold, the rams which leaped ...
/r/rams.htm - 33k

Ugly (7 Occurrences)
... (See NIV). Genesis 41:3 Behold, seven other cattle came up after them out of the
river, ugly and thin, and stood by the other cattle on the brink of the river. ...
/u/ugly.htm - 8k

Thin (39 Occurrences)
... Genesis 41:3 Behold, seven other cattle came up after them out of the river, ugly
and thin, and stood by the other cattle on the brink of the river. ...
/t/thin.htm - 19k

Gaunt (7 Occurrences)
... Genesis 41:3 Behold, seven other cattle came up after them out of the river, ugly
and thin, and stood by the other cattle on the brink of the river. ...
/g/gaunt.htm - 8k

Ring-streaked (5 Occurrences)
... Ring-streaked (5 Occurrences). Genesis 30:39 And the flocks conceived before the
rods, and brought forth cattle ring-streaked, speckled, and spotted. (KJV WBS). ...
/r/ring-streaked.htm - 8k

Murrain (1 Occurrence)
... mortality", the fifth plague that fell upon the Egyptians (Exodus 9:3). It was some
distemper that resulted in the sudden and widespread death of the cattle. ...
/m/murrain.htm - 9k

2353. thremma -- cattle
... cattle. Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: thremma Phonetic Spelling:
(threm'-mah) Short Definition: cattle Definition: (lit: a nursling, hence ...
/greek/2353.htm - 6k

5336. phatne -- a manger
... 5336 -- a cattle-crib; a feeding box (crib) for cattle; a manger. Word Origin a
prim. word Definition a manger NASB Word Usage manger (3), stall (1). ...
/greek/5336.htm - 6k

4619. sitistos -- grain
... Part of Speech: Adjective Transliteration: sitistos Phonetic Spelling: (sit-is-tos')
Short Definition: fattened Definition: fattened; subst: a fatling, cattle. ...
/greek/4619.htm - 5k

68. agros -- a field, the country
... From ago; a field (as a drive for cattle); genitive case, the country; specially,
a farm, ie Hamlet -- country, farm, piece of ground, land. see GREEK ago. ...
/greek/68.htm - 6k

4165. poimaino -- to act as a shepherd
... to shepherd, rule. From poimen; to tend as a shepherd of (figuratively, superviser) --
feed (cattle), rule. see GREEK poimen. (poimaine) -- 1 Occurrence. ...
/greek/4165.htm - 8k

2934. ktenos -- a beast of burden
... carriage. Word Origin from ktaomai Definition a beast of burden NASB Word
Usage beast (1), beasts (1), cattle (1), mounts (1). beast. ...
/greek/2934.htm - 6k

Smith's Bible Dictionary


International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

kat'-'-l (behemah, "a dumb beast"; miqneh, "a possession" from qanah, "to acquire" (compare Arabic qana', "to acquire," and Greek kienos, "beast," and plural ktenea, "flocks," from ktaomai, "to acquire," flocks being both with the Homeric peoples and with the patriarchs an important form of property; compare English "fee"); tso'n "small cattle," "sheep" or goats (compare Arabic da'n, "sheep"); seh, a single sheep or goat (compare Arabic shah); mela'khah, "property," from la'akh, "to minister" (compare Arabic malakah and mulk, "property," from malak, "to possess"); meri' "fatling" (1 Kings 19); thremma (John 4:12), "cattle," i.e. "that which is nourished," from trepho, "to nourish"; baqar, "kine," "oxen" (compare Arabic baqar, "cattle"); shor, tor (Daniel 4:25), tauros (Matthew 22:4), "ox" or "bull"; bous, "ox" (Luke 13:15); 'eleph, only in the plural, 'alaphim, "oxen" (Psalm 8:7)): From the foregoing and by examination of the many references to "cattle," "kine" or "oxen" it is apparent that there are important points of contact in derivation and usage in the Hebrew, Greek and English terms. It is evident that neat cattle were possessed in abundance by the patriarchs and later Israelites, which is fax from being the case in Palestine at the present day. The Bedouin usually have no cattle. The fellachin in most parts of the country keep them in small numbers, mostly for plowing, and but little for milk or for slaughtering. Travelers in the Holy Land realize that goat's milk is in most places easier to obtain than cow's milk. The commonest cattle of the fellachin are a small black breed. In the vicinity of Damascus are many large, fine milch cattle which furnish the delicious milk and cream of the Damascus bazaars. For some reason, probably because they are not confined and highly fed, the bulls of Palestine are meek creatures as compared with their European or American fellows.

In English Versions of the Bible the word "cattle" is more often used in a wide sense to include sheep and goats than to denote merely neat cattle. In fact, baqar, which distinctively denotes neat cattle, is often rendered "herds," as tso'n, literally "sheep," is in a large number of instances translated "flocks." A good illustration is found in Genesis 32:7: "Then Jacob. divided the, people (`am) that were with him, and the flocks (tso'n), and the herds (baqar), and the camels (gemallim), into two companies (machanoth)." For the last word the King James Version has "drove" in Genesis 33:8, the Revised Version (British and American) "company." Next to tso'n, the word most commonly rendered "flock" in English Versions of the Bible is `edher, from root "to arrange," "to set in order." `Edher is rendered "herd" in Proverbs 27:23, and in Joel 1:18 it occurs twice, being rendered "herds of cattle," `edhre baqar, and "flocks of sheep," `edhre ha-tso'n. Miqneh is rendered "flock" in Numbers 32:26, "herd" in Genesis 47:18, and "cattle" in a large number of passages. Other words rendered "flock" are: mar`ith (r. ra`ah (Arabic ra`a), "to pasture"), once in Jeremiah 10:21; `ashteroth tso'n, "flocks of thy sheep," the Revised Version (British and American) "young of thy flock," in Deuteronomy 7:13, etc., `ashiaroth being plural of `ashtoreth, or Ashtoreth; chasiph, once in 1 Kings 20:27: "The Children of Israel encamped before them (the Syrians) like two little flocks of kids," chasiph signifying "something stripped off or separated," from root chasaph, "to strip" or "to peel," like the Arabic qaTi`, "flock," from root qaTa`, "to cut off"; poimne (Matthew 26:31): "The sheep of the flock shall be scattered," and (Luke 2:8): "keeping watch by night over their flock"; poimnion (Luke 12:32): "Fear not, little flock," and (1 Peter 5:2): "Tend the flock of God which is among you." Figurative: Not only poimne and poimnion but also `edher and tso'n are used figuratively of God's people; e.g. Isaiah 40:11: "He will feed his flock (`edher) like a shepherd"; Zechariah 10:3: "Yahweh of hosts hath visited his flock ([`edher]), the house of Judah"; Isaiah 65:10: "And Sharon shall be a fold of flocks" (tso'n); Jeremiah 23:2: "Ye have scattered my flock" (tso'n); Ezekiel 34:22: "Therefore will I save my flock" (tso'n); Micah 7:14: "Feed. the flock (tso'n) of thy heritage."

The wild ox or wild bull, the Revised Version (British and American) "antelope" (te'o or to' of Deuteronomy 14:5 and Isaiah 51:20), is considered by the writer to be probably the Arabian oryx, and in this he is in agreement with Tristram (NHB). Tristram however thinks that the unicorn (rem or re'em), the Revised Version (British and American) "wild ox," was the aurochs, while the present writer believes that this also may well have been the oryx, which at the present day has at least three names in Arabic, one of which, baqar-ul-wachsh, means "wild ox."


Our domestic cattle are believed by some of the best authorities to be of the same species as the ancient European wild ox or aurochs, Bos taurus, which is by others counted as a distinct species under the title of Bos primigenius. The aurochs was widely spread over Europe in Roman times, but is now extinct. Some degenerate wild cattle are preserved in some British parks, but these according to Lydekker in the Royal Natural History are probably feral descendants of early domestic breeds. Tristram cites the occurrence in the Dog River bone breccia of teeth which may be those of the aurochs, but this is a deposit accumulated by prehistoric man of an unknown antiquity to be variously estimated according to the predilections of the geologist at a few thousands or a few score of thousands of years, and is far from proving that this animal existed in Palestine in Bible times or at any time.

The European bison (Bos or Bison bonassus) is thought by some to be the wild ox of the Bible. This is a forest-dwelling species and is now confined to the forests of Lithuania and the Caucasus. It was formerly more widely distributed, but there is no certain evidence that it ever lived as far South as Palestine, and there have probably never existed in Palestine forests suitable to be the haunts of this animal.

About the Sea of Tiberias and the Jordan valley and in the plain of Coele-Syria there exist today Indian buffaloes (Bos bubalus) some feral and some in a state of domestication, which are believed to have been introduced in comparatively recent times.


Alfred Ely Day

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Abounded in the Holy Land. To the rearing and management of them the inhabitants chiefly devoted themselves (Deuteronomy 8:13; 12:21; 1 Samuel 11:5; 12:3; Psalm 144:14; Jeremiah 3:24). They may be classified as,

(1.) Neat cattle. Many hundreds of these were yearly consumed in sacrifices or used for food. The finest herds were found in Bashan, beyond Jordan (Numbers 32:4). Large herds also pastured on the wide fertile plains of Sharon. They were yoked to the plough (1 Kings 19:19), and were employed for carrying burdens (1 Chronicles 12:40). They were driven with a pointed rod (Judges 3:31) or goad (q.v.).

According to the Mosaic law, the mouths of cattle employed for the threshing-floor were not to be muzzled, so as to prevent them from eating of the provender over which they trampled (Deuteronomy 25:4). Whosoever stole and sold or slaughtered an ox must give five in satisfaction (Exodus 22:1); but if it was found alive in the possession of him who stole it, he was required to make double restitution only (22:4). If an ox went astray, whoever found it was required to bring it back to its owner (23:4; Deuteronomy 22:1, 4). An ox and an ass could not be yoked together in the plough (Deuteronomy 22:10).

(2.) Small cattle. Next to herds of neat cattle, sheep formed the most important of the possessions of the inhabitants of Palestine (Genesis 12:16; 13:5; 26:14; 21:27; 29:2, 3). They are frequently mentioned among the booty taken in war (Numbers 31:32; Joshua 6:21; 1 Samuel 14:32; 15:3). There were many who were owners of large flocks (1 Samuel 25:2; 2 Samuel 12:2, Comp. Job 1:3). Kings also had shepherds "over their flocks" (1 Chronicles 27:31), from which they derived a large portion of their revenue (2 Samuel 17:29; 1 Chronicles 12:40). The districts most famous for their flocks of sheep were the plain of Sharon (Isaiah 65: 10), Mount Carmel (Micah 7:14), Bashan and Gilead (Micah 7:14). In patriarchal times the flocks of sheep were sometimes tended by the daughters of the owners. Thus Rachel, the daughter of Laban, kept her father's sheep (Genesis 29:9); as also Zipporah and her six sisters had charge of their father Jethro's flocks (Exodus 2:16). Sometimes they were kept by hired shepherds (John 10:12), and sometimes by the sons of the family (1 Samuel 16:11; 17:15). The keepers so familiarized their sheep with their voices that they knew them, and followed them at their call. Sheep, but more especially rams and lambs, were frequently offered in sacrifice. The shearing of sheep was a great festive occasion (1 Samuel 25:4; 2 Samuel 13:23). They were folded at night, and guarded by their keepers against the attacks of the lion (Micah 5:8), the bear (1 Samuel 17:34), and the wolf (Matthew 10:16; John 10:12). They were liable to wander over the wide pastures and go astray (Psalm 119:176; Isaiah 53:6; Hosea 4:16; Matthew 18:12).

Goats also formed a part of the pastoral wealth of Palestine (Genesis 15:9; 32:14; 37:31). They were used both for sacrifice and for food (Deuteronomy 14:4), especially the young males (Genesis 27:9, 14, 17; Judges 6:19; 13:15; 1 Samuel 16:20). Goat's hair was used for making tent cloth (Exodus 26:7; 36:14), and for mattresses and bedding (1 Samuel 19:13, 16). (see GOAT.)

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
(n. pl.) Quadrupeds of the Bovine family; sometimes, also, including all domestic quadrupeds, as sheep, goats, horses, mules, asses, and swine.
Strong's Hebrew
929. behemah -- a beast, animal, cattle
... << 928, 929. behemah. 930 >>. a beast, animal, cattle. Transliteration: behemah
Phonetic Spelling: (be-hay-maw') Short Definition: cattle. ...
/hebrew/929.htm - 6k

4735. miqneh -- cattle
... << 4734, 4735. miqneh. 4736 >>. cattle. Transliteration: miqneh Phonetic Spelling:
(mik-neh') Short Definition: livestock. Word Origin ...
/hebrew/4735.htm - 6k

1241. baqar -- cattle, herd, an ox
... baqar. 1242 >>. cattle, herd, an ox. Transliteration: baqar Phonetic Spelling:
(baw-kawr') Short Definition: oxen. ... bull, calf, cow, great cattle, heifer, herd,. ...
/hebrew/1241.htm - 6k

1165. beir -- beasts, cattle
... << 1164, 1165. beir. 1166 >>. beasts, cattle. Transliteration: beir Phonetic
Spelling: (beh-ere') Short Definition: beasts. ... beast, cattle. ...
/hebrew/1165.htm - 6k

6629. tson -- small cattle, sheep and goats, flock
... small cattle, sheep and goats, flock. Transliteration: tson Phonetic Spelling:
(tsone) Short Definition: flock. ... small cattle, flock, lamb, sheepcote,. ...
/hebrew/6629.htm - 6k

7794. shor -- a head of cattle (bullock, ox, etc.)
... << 7793, 7794. shor. 7795 >>. a head of cattle (bullock, ox, etc.). Transliteration:
shor Phonetic Spelling: (shore) Short Definition: ox. ...
/hebrew/7794.htm - 6k

504. eleph -- cattle
... cattle. Transliteration: eleph Phonetic Spelling: (eh'-lef) Short Definition: herd.
Word Origin from alaph Definition cattle NASB Word Usage herd (4), oxen (3). ...
/hebrew/504.htm - 6k

6832. tsephua -- dung (of cattle)
... << 6831, 6832. tsephua or tsaphia. 6833 >>. dung (of cattle). Transliteration: tsephua
or tsaphia Phonetic Spelling: (tsef-oo'-ah) Short Definition: dung. ...
/hebrew/6832.htm - 6k

4399. melakah -- occupation, work
... Word Origin from the same as malak Definition occupation, work NASB Word Usage anything
(4), article made (1), business (4), cattle (1), craftsmanship (3 ...
/hebrew/4399.htm - 6k

4806. meri -- a fatling, fatlings
... Word Origin from an unused word Definition a fatling, fatlings NASB Word Usage fatling
(2), fatlings (5), fed cattle (1). fat fed beast cattle,. ...
/hebrew/4806.htm - 6k



Cattle used for Sacrifice

Cattle: Bashan Suitable to the Raising of

Cattle: Gilead Adapted to the Raising of

Cattle: Sheltered

Cattle: Stall-Fed

Related Terms

Cattle-house (2 Occurrences)

Cattle-food (1 Occurrence)

Baggage-cattle (1 Occurrence)

Rams (81 Occurrences)

Ugly (7 Occurrences)

Thin (39 Occurrences)

Gaunt (7 Occurrences)

Ring-streaked (5 Occurrences)

Murrain (1 Occurrence)

Fatlings (12 Occurrences)

Booty (32 Occurrences)

Creepeth (17 Occurrences)

Acquired (32 Occurrences)

Stall (7 Occurrences)

Kine (24 Occurrences)

Graze (11 Occurrences)

Firstlings (7 Occurrences)

Tendeth (7 Occurrences)

Manger (7 Occurrences)

Pasture (120 Occurrences)

Sleek (7 Occurrences)

Spoiled (69 Occurrences)

Feeding (37 Occurrences)

Infants (71 Occurrences)

Drove (89 Occurrences)

Donkeys (71 Occurrences)

Fertile (55 Occurrences)

Creatures (83 Occurrences)

Moving (117 Occurrences)

Births (34 Occurrences)

Bulls (68 Occurrences)

Goats (134 Occurrences)

Fowl (73 Occurrences)

Kids (12 Occurrences)

Nethanel (14 Occurrences)

Occupied (32 Occurrences)

Leadeth (42 Occurrences)

Warp (9 Occurrences)

Fatted (17 Occurrences)

Fatling (4 Occurrences)

Fodder (9 Occurrences)

Breaketh (49 Occurrences)

Bull (114 Occurrences)

Browse (2 Occurrences)

Maid-servant (49 Occurrences)

Israel's (72 Occurrences)

Horn (108 Occurrences)

Lambs (107 Occurrences)


Exchange (41 Occurrences)

Yearling (48 Occurrences)

Flat (33 Occurrences)

Asses (68 Occurrences)

Grass-lands (42 Occurrences)

Beasts (241 Occurrences)

Firstling (8 Occurrences)

Fowls (61 Occurrences)

Invited (49 Occurrences)

Towns (450 Occurrences)

Baggage (15 Occurrences)

Female (95 Occurrences)

Goods (231 Occurrences)

Ox (197 Occurrences)

Animal (163 Occurrences)

Lands (226 Occurrences)

Calves (34 Occurrences)

Plunder (118 Occurrences)

Dedicated (37 Occurrences)

Fat (150 Occurrences)

Flocks (128 Occurrences)

Giveth (378 Occurrences)

Move (113 Occurrences)

Feed (117 Occurrences)

Creeping (43 Occurrences)

Fellowship (114 Occurrences)

Oxen (176 Occurrences)

Camels (52 Occurrences)

First-born (110 Occurrences)

Plague (142 Occurrences)

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