opheiló: to oweOriginal Word: ὀφείλωPart of Speech:
I owe, oughtDefinition:
I owe, ought.
3784 opheílō (a primitive verb, NAS dictionary) – to owe, be indebted, i.e. obliged to rectify a debt ("ought").
3784 /opheílō ("owe") refers to being morally obligated (or legally required) to meet an obligation, i.e. to pay off a legitimate debt.
[3784 (opheílō) "originally belonged to the legal sphere; it expressed initially one's legal and economic, and then later one's moral, duties and responsibilities to the gods and to men, or to their sacrosanct regulations. . . . opheílō expresses human and ethical responsibility in the NT" (DNTT, 2, 662.663).]
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
a prim. wordDefinition
to oweNASB Translation
had (1), have (1), indebted (2), must (1), obligated (3), ought (15), owe (4), owed (4), owes (1), responsible (1), should (2).
Thayer'sSTRONGS NT 3784: ὀφείλωὀφείλω
; imperfect ὤφειλον
; present passive participle ὀφειλόμενος
; from Homer
down; to owe
a. properly, to owe money, be in debt for: τίνι τί, Matthew 18:28; Luke 16:5; without a dative, Matthew 18:28; Luke 7:41; Luke 16:7; Philemon 1:18; τό ὀφειλόμενον, that which is due, the debt, Matthew 18:30; αὐτῷ (which L Tr WH omit), that due to him, Matthew 18:34.
b. metaphorically: τί, passive τήν εὔνοιαν ὀφειλομένην, the good-will due (A. V. (not R. V.) due benevolence), 1 Corinthians 7:3 Rec.; μηδενί μηδέν ὀφείλετε (here ὀφείλετε, on account of what precedes and what follows, must be taken in its broadest sense, both literal and tropical), εἰ μή τό ἀλλήλους ἀγαπᾶν, owe no one anything except to love one another, because we must never cease loving and the debt of love can never be paid, Romans 13:8. absolutely, to be a debtor, be bound: Matthew 23:16, 18; followed by an infinitive to be under obligation, bound by duty or necessity, to do something; it behooves one; one ought; used thus of a necessity imposed either by law and duty, or by reason, or by the times, or by the nature of the matter under consideration (according to Westcott (Epistles of John, p. 5), Cremer, others, denoting obligation in its special and personal aspects): Luke 17:10; John 13:14; John 19:7 (ὀφείλει ἀποθανεῖν, he ought to die); Acts 17:29; Romans 15:1, 27; 1 Corinthians 5:10; (1 Corinthians 7:36 (A. V. need so requireth)); ; 2 Corinthians 12:14; Ephesians 5:28; 2 Thessalonians 1:3; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; Hebrews 2:17; Hebrews 5:3, 12; 1 John 2:6; 1 John 3:16; 1 John 4:11; 3 John 1:8; ὤφειλον συνίστασθαι, I ought to have been commended, i. e. I can demand commendation, 2 Corinthians 12:11.
c. after the Chaldee (see ὀφειλέτης, b., ὀφείλημα, b.), ὀφείλω τίνι, to have wronged one and not yet made amends to him (A. V. indebted), Luke 11:4. (Compare: προσοφείλω.)<1>
Or (in certain tenses), its prolonged form opheileo (of-i-leh'-o) probably from the base of ophelos (through the idea of accruing); to owe (pecuniarily); figuratively, to be under obligation (ought, must, should); morally, to fail in duty -- behove, be bound, (be) debt(-or), (be) due(-ty), be guilty (indebted), (must) need(-s), ought, owe, should. See also ophelon.
see GREEK ophelos
see GREEK ophelon