International Standard Bible EncyclopediaHUSBANDMAN; HUSBANDRY
huz'-band-man, huz'-band-ri: Husbandman, originally a "householder" or "master of the house," is now limited in its meaning to "farmer" or "tiller of the soil." In this sense it is the correct translation of the various Biblical words: ish 'adahamah, literally, "man of the soil" (Genesis 9:20); 'ikkar, literally, "digger," "a farmer" (2 Chronicles 26:10 Jeremiah 31:24; Jeremiah 51:23 Amos 5:16 Joel 1:11); gubh, "to dig" (2 Kings 25:12); yaghabh, "to dig" (Jeremiah 52:16); georgos, "cultivator" (Matthew 21:33 John 15:1 James 5:7).
It is a common practice in Palestine and Syria today for a rich man to own lands in many different parts of the country. He sets farmers over these different tracts who, with the helpers, do the plowing, planting, reaping, etc.; or he lets out his lands to farmers who pay him an annual rental or return to him a certain percentage of the crop. Much of the plain of Esdraelon, for example, was until recently owned by Beirut proprietors and farmed in this way. The writer while riding on the plain near ancient Dan, was surprised to overtake an acquaintance from Beirut (3 days' journey away), who had just dismounted at one of his farms to inspect it and to receive the annual account of his farmer. The pride with which the husbandman pointed out the abundant harvest will not be forgotten. All the difficulties of the owner with his husbandmen described by Jesus are often repeated today.
Figurative: Jesus said "I am the true vine, and my father is the husbandman" (John 15:1). He sows, cultivates, prunes and expects fruits from His church. In the parable of the Householder (Matthew 21:33), the wicked husbandmen were the Jews. The church is referred to as "God's husbandry" in 1 Corinthians 3:9 (m "tilled land").
James A. Patch
Easton's Bible Dictionary
One whose business it is to cultivate the ground. It was one of the first occupations, and was esteemed most honourable (Genesis 9:20
, 14; 37:7
, etc.). All the Hebrews, except those engaged in religious services, were husbandmen. (see AGRICULTURE
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
) The master of a family.
2. (n.) A farmer; a cultivator or tiller of the ground.
Strong's Hebrew406. ikkar -- a plowman, husbandman...
<< 405, 406. ikkar. 407 >>. a plowman, husbandman
. Transliteration: ikkar Phonetic
Spelling: (ik-kawr') Short Definition: farmer. ... husbandman
, ploughman. ... /hebrew/406.htm - 5k
1461. gub -- husbandman
... gub. 1462 >>. husbandman. Transliteration: gub Phonetic Spelling: (goob) Short
Definition: husbandman. ... husbandman A primitive root; to dig -- husbandman. ...
/hebrew/1461.htm - 5k
3009. yagab -- to till, be a husbandman
... yagab. 3010 >>. to till, be a husbandman. Transliteration: yagab Phonetic Spelling:
(yaw-gab') Short Definition: plowmen. Word Origin a prim. ... husbandman. ...
/hebrew/3009.htm - 5k
127. adamah -- ground, land
... country, earth, ground, husbandman ry, land. From 'adam; soil (from its general
redness) -- country, earth, ground, husband(-man) (-ry), land. see HEBREW 'adam. ...
/hebrew/127.htm - 6k
5647. abad -- to work, serve
... X be, keep in bondage, be bondmen, bond-service, compel, do, dress, ear, execute, +
husbandman, keep, labour(-ing man, bring to pass, (cause to, make to ...
/hebrew/5647.htm - 6k