1350. gaal
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gaal: to redeem, act as kinsman
Original Word: גָּאַל
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: gaal
Phonetic Spelling: (gaw-al')
Short Definition: redeemed

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
to redeem, act as kinsman
NASB Translation
avenger (13), bought back (1), buy back (1), claim (1), close relative (3), closest relative (3), closest relatives (1), ever wish to redeem (2), kinsman (2), redeem (22), redeemed (25), redeemer (1), Redeemer (18), redeems (1), relative (2), relatives (1), rescue (1), wishes to redeem (1).

I. גָּאַל verb redeem, act as kinsman (Late Hebrew, Niph`al be redeemed; also גּוֺאֵל, גְּאוּלָּה) —

Qal Perfect ׳ג, etc. Isaiah 44:23 14t.; Imperfect יִגְאַל, etc. Leviticus 25:33 18t.; Imperative גְּאַל, etc. Ruth 4:6 3t.; Infinitive absolute גָּאֹל Leviticus 27:13 2t.; construct לִגְאוֺל Ruth 4:4 2t.; suffix לְגָאֳלֵךְ Ruth 3:13; Participle גֹּאֵל Leviticus 25:26 24t., גּוֺאֵל Isaiah 59:20; Psalm 103:4; suffix גֹּאַלְךָ Isaiah 48:17, גֹּאֲלֵךְ Isaiah 54:8 (suffix 19 t.); passive plural גְּאוּלִים, etc. Isaiah 35:9 4t.; —

1 act as kinsman, do the part of next of kin (chiefly in D H P Ruth), גֹּאֵל kinsman Leviticus 25:25 (H) Numbers 5:8; Numbers 35:12 (P) Ruth 2:20; Ruth 3:9,12; Ruth 4:1,3,6,8,14; 1 Kings 16:11.

a. in taking a kinsman's widow אם יגאלך טוב יגאל ואם לא יחפץ לגאלך וגאלתיך if he will do thee the kinsman's part (raise up children by the widow) well, let him do the kinsman's part; but if he is not pleased to do thee the kinsman's part then I will do thee the kinsman's part Ruth 3:13;

b. in redeeming from bondage Leviticus 25:48,49 (H);

c. in redeeming a field Leviticus 25:26,33 (H) Ruth 4:4,6;

d. claim as kinsman Job 3:5;

e. גֹּאֵל הַדָּם the avenger of blood Numbers 35:19,21,24,25,27 (twice in verse); Joshua 20:3,5 (?; not in ᵐ5) Joshua 20:9 (P). Deuteronomy 19:6,12 (D) 2 Samuel 14:11.

2 redeem, by payment of value assessed, of consecrated things, by the original owner Leviticus 27:13,15,19,20,31 (P).

3 redeem, with God as subject implying personal relationship, chiefly in poetry: —

a. individuals, from death Psalm 103:4; Lamentations 3:58; Hosea 13:14, מכל רע Genesis 48:16 (E poetry), נפשׁ Psalm 69:19; Psalm 72:14, orphans Proverbs 23:11; Jeremiah 50:34, ריבה ריבי וגאלני Psalm 119:154, גֹּאֲלִי Job 19:25, צוּרִי וְגֹאֲלִי Psalm 19:15.

b. Israel, from Egyptian bondage Exodus 6:6 (P?) Exodus 15:13 (song) Psalm 74:2; Psalm 77:16; Psalm 78:35, מיד אויב Psalm 106:10.

c. from exile (chiefly Isa3, the verb not in Isa1) Isaiah 43:1; Isaiah 44:22,23; Isaiah 48:20; Isaiah 52:9; Isaiah 63:9; Micah 4:10, מיד Psalm 107:2; Jeremiah 31:11; Yahweh is גֹּאֵל Isaiah 41:14; Isaiah 43:14; Isaiah 44:6,24; Isaiah 47:4; Isaiah 48:17; Isaiah 49:7,26; Isaiah 54:5,8; Isaiah 59:20; Isaiah 60:16; Isaiah 63:16; and the people גְּאוּלִים Isaiah 35:9; Isaiah 51:10; Isaiah 62:12; Isaiah 63:4 (compare גְּאוּלַי below), Psalm 107:2.

Niph`al Perfect נִגְאָ֑ל Leviticus 25:49; Imperfect יִגָּאֵל Leviticus 25:30 5t.; תִּגָּאֵ֑לוּ Isaiah 52:3; —

1 reflexive redeem oneself Leviticus 25:49 (H).

2 pass. be redeemed,

a. field Leviticus 25:30 (H), slave Leviticus 25:54 (H);

b. consecrated things Leviticus 27:20,27,28,33 (P);

c. Jerusalem by Yahweh Isaiah 52:3.

גְּאוּלַי Isaiah 63:4, in ׳שְׁנַת ג,

noun abstract redemption, according to ᵐ5 ᵑ6 ᵑ9 Ges Hi De MV Che Di RVm; then either plural abstract suffix year of (my) redemption (so most); or abstract form. in י֯, after Syriac analogy, LagSymm. ii. 101 f. Semitic i. 19, 68. BN 192 (ᵐ5 omit my); but < Passive participle plural suffix my ransomed (released) ones Ew Br Brd AV RV compare below גאל above.

in any wise, at all, avenger, deliver, next kinsfolk, purchase,

A primitive root, to redeem (according to the Oriental law of kinship), i.e. To be the next of kin (and as such to buy back a relative's property, marry his widow, etc.) -- X in any wise, X at all, avenger, deliver, (do, perform the part of near, next) kinsfolk(-man), purchase, ransom, redeem(-er), revenger.

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