4975. mothen
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mothen: loins
Original Word: מָתְנָ֫יִם
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: mothen
Phonetic Spelling: (mo'-then)
Short Definition: loins

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from an unused word
NASB Translation
back (1), body (1), heart (1), herself (1), hips (1), loins (32), rooster (1), side (1), strutting* (1), waist (7).

מָתְנַ֫יִם noun masculine dual loins (Arabic back, the two sides of the back, etc.; Syriac ; — absolute ׳מ Deuteronomy 33:11 7t., מָתְנָ֑יִם Ezekiel 29:7; Ezekiel 47:4; construct מָתְנֵי Jeremiah 13:11 + 3t.; suffix מָתְנַי Isaiah 21:3, מָתְנָ֑י Jeremiah 13:2; מָתְנֵיהֶם 1Kings + Jeremiah 20:32 4t., etc.; — loins:

1. a. place of wearing girdle 1 Kings 2:5; 2 Kings 1:8; Jeremiah 13:1,2,4,11; Ezekiel 23:15; figurative Isaiah 11:5 righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins.

b. hence place of things attached to girdle: — sword girded on (חגר על, אסר 2 Samuel 20:8; Nehemiah 4:12; opposed to, וּמָתְנֵי מְלָכִים אֲפַתֵּחַ Isaiah 45:1 and the loins of kings I will loosen, i e. will disarm them (׳י before Cyrus; compare Che); ink-horn Ezekiel 9:2,3,11.

c. girding up loins = make ready for action, וַיְשַׁנֵּס מָתְנָיו 1 Kings 18:46; more often ׳חָגַר מ 2 Kings 4:29; 2 Kings 9:1; Exodus 12:11 (P), Daniel 10:5; ׳אָזַר מ Jeremiah 1:17.

d. ׳זַרְזִיר מ Proverbs 30:31 that which is girt in the loins, i.e. probably either a greyhound Ew Bö De (contracted, as if by a belt), or a war-horse, charger, Bo Ges Hi Str Wild (with a saddle); compare also זרזיר, p. 267 above; text perhaps corrupt (Wild).

e. girded with sackcloth (in mourning) Genesis 37:34 (J), Amos 8:10; Isaiah 20:2; 1 Kings 20:31,32; Jeremiah 48:37.

f. linen breeches of priests were to extend מִמָּתְנַיִם וְעַד יְרֵכַיִם Exodus 28:42 (P); to be ׳עַלמָֿת Ezekiel 44:18; loins of slaves are girt with waistcloth, compare Job 12:18 (see also אֵזוֺר).

g. in General of the middle of the body, ׳מֵי מָת Ezekiel 47:4 (i.e. water reaching to the loins); so of the appearance of ׳י in Ezekiel's visions Ezekiel 1:27 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 8:2 (twice in verse).

2. a. loins as seat of strength, Deuteronomy 33:11; 1 Kings 12:10 2Chronicles 10:10; חַזֵּק מָתְנַיִם Nahum 2:2 ("" אַמֵּץ כֹּחַ); כֹּחוֺ בְּמָתְנָיו Job 40:16 (of hippopotamus); in combination with 1a (figurative) חָֽגְרָה ׳בְּעוֺז מ Proverbs 31:17 she girdeth her loins with strength, she puts on energy with her girdle; compare also ׳בְּשִׁבְרוֺן מ Ezekiel 21:11 sigh with breaking of loins, i.e. in entire collapse of strength; so תָּמִיד ׳הַמְעַ֑ד וּמ Psalm 69:24 and make their loins continually to shake, make them totter; compare Ezekiel 29:7 (where read וְהִמְעַדְתָּ for וְהַעֲמַדְתָּ, see מָעַד).

b. as seat of keenest pain, due to grief or dread Nahum 2:11; Isaiah 21:3 (as in travail); so probably also Psalm 66:11 (compare Bae; and see מוּעָקָה below עוק).

to be slender

From an unused root meaning to be slender; properly, the waist or small of the back; only in plural the loins -- + greyhound, loins, side.

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