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Bible Concordance
Obadiah (21 Occurrences)

1 Kings 18:3 Ahab called Obadiah, who was over the household. (Now Obadiah feared Yahweh greatly: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Kings 18:4 for it was so, when Jezebel cut off the prophets of Yahweh, that Obadiah took one hundred prophets, and hid them by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water.) (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Kings 18:5 Ahab said to Obadiah, "Go through the land, to all the springs of water, and to all the brooks. Perhaps we may find grass and save the horses and mules alive, that we not lose all the animals." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Kings 18:6 So they divided the land between them to pass throughout it: Ahab went one way by himself, and Obadiah went another way by himself. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Kings 18:7 As Obadiah was in the way, behold, Elijah met him: and he recognized him, and fell on his face, and said, "Is it you, my lord Elijah?" (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Kings 18:9 He said, "Wherein have I sinned, that you would deliver your servant into the hand of Ahab, to kill me? (See NIV)

1 Kings 18:16 So Obadiah went to meet Ahab, and told him; and Ahab went to meet Elijah. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Chronicles 3:21 The sons of Hananiah: Pelatiah, and Jeshaiah; the sons of Rephaiah, the sons of Arnan, the sons of Obadiah, the sons of Shecaniah. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Chronicles 7:3 The sons of Uzzi: Izrahiah. The sons of Izrahiah: Michael, and Obadiah, and Joel, Isshiah, five; all of them chief men. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Chronicles 8:38 Azel had six sons, whose names are these: Azrikam, Bocheru, and Ishmael, and Sheariah, and Obadiah, and Hanan. All these were the sons of Azel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Chronicles 9:16 and Obadiah the son of Shemaiah, the son of Galal, the son of Jeduthun, and Berechiah the son of Asa, the son of Elkanah, who lived in the villages of the Netophathites. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Chronicles 9:44 Azel had six sons, whose names are these: Azrikam, Bocheru, and Ishmael, and Sheariah, and Obadiah, and Hanan: these were the sons of Azel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Chronicles 12:9 Ezer the chief, Obadiah the second, Eliab the third, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Chronicles 27:19 of Zebulun, Ishmaiah the son of Obadiah: of Naphtali, Jeremoth the son of Azriel: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

2 Chronicles 17:7 Also in the third year of his reign he sent his princes, even Ben Hail, and Obadiah, and Zechariah, and Nethanel, and Micaiah, to teach in the cities of Judah; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

2 Chronicles 34:12 The men did the work faithfully: and the overseers of them were Jahath and Obadiah, the Levites, of the sons of Merari; and Zechariah and Meshullam, of the sons of the Kohathites, to set it forward; and others of the Levites, all who were skillful with instruments of music. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Ezra 8:9 Of the sons of Joab, Obadiah the son of Jehiel; and with him two hundred and eighteen males. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Nehemiah 10:5 Harim, Meremoth, Obadiah, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Nehemiah 12:25 Mattaniah, and Bakbukiah, Obadiah, Meshullam, Talmon, Akkub, were porters keeping the watch at the storehouses of the gates. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Daniel 3:26 Then Nebuchadnezzar came near to the mouth of the burning fiery furnace: he spoke and said, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, you servants of the Most High God, come forth, and come here. Then Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego came forth out of the midst of the fire. Obadiah (WEB)

Obadiah 1:1 The vision of Obadiah. This is what the Lord Yahweh says about Edom. We have heard news from Yahweh, and an ambassador is sent among the nations, saying, "Arise, and let's rise up against her in battle. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV)

Obadiah (21 Occurrences)
... Ahab seems to have held Obadiah in great honour, although he had no sympathy with
his piety (5, 6, 7). The last notice of him is his bringing back tidings to ...
/o/obadiah.htm - 32k

Obadi'ah (16 Occurrences)
Obadi'ah. << Obadiah, Obadi'ah. Obal >>. ... 1 Kings 18:3 And Ahab called Obadiah, who
was over the household. --Now Obadiah feared the LORD greatly; (See RSV). ...
/o/obadi&#39;ah.htm - 10k

Zarephath (4 Occurrences)
... e-fath (tsarephath; Sarepta): The Sidonian town in which Elijah was entertained
by a widow after he left the brook Cherith (1 Kings 17:9). Obadiah refers to it ...
/z/zarephath.htm - 11k

Jehiel (17 Occurrences)
... (8.) The father of Obadiah (Ezra 8:9). ... (WBS). Ezra 8:9 Of the sons of Joab, Obadiah
the son of Jehiel; and with him two hundred and eighteen males. ...
/j/jehiel.htm - 16k

Ambassador (5 Occurrences)
... Old Testament the Hebrew word tsir, meaning "one who goes on an errand," is rendered
thus (Joshua 9:4; Proverbs 13:17; Isaiah 18:2; Jeremiah 49:14; Obadiah 1:1 ...
/a/ambassador.htm - 11k

Teman (12 Occurrences)
... the Old Testament. It was noted for the wisdom of its inhabitants (Amos
1:12; Obadiah 1:8; Jeremiah 49:7; Ezek. 25:13). It was divided ...
/t/teman.htm - 12k

Edom (108 Occurrences)
... (2.) Idumea (Isaiah 34:5, 6; Ezek. 35:15). "The field of Edom" (Genesis 32:3),
"the land of Edom" (Genesis 36:16), was mountainous (Obadiah 1:8, 9, 19, 21). ...
/e/edom.htm - 53k

Jeshai'ah (7 Occurrences)
... 3:21 And the sons of Hananiah: Pelatiah, and Jeshaiah; the sons of Jeshaiah: Rephaiah;
the sons of Rephaiah: Arnan; the sons of Arnan: Obadiah; the sons of ...
/j/jeshai&#39;ah.htm - 8k

Gloat (11 Occurrences)
...Obadiah 1:12 But don't look down on your brother in the day of his disaster, and
don't rejoice over the children of Judah in the day of their destruction. ...
/g/gloat.htm - 9k

Gazed (9 Occurrences)
...Obadiah 1:12 But look not thou on the day of thy brother in the day of his disaster,
and rejoice not over the children of Judah in the day of their destruction ...
/g/gazed.htm - 9k

Hitchcock's Bible Names

servant of the Lord

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(servant of the Lord),

  1. A man whose sons are enumerated in the genealogy of the tribe of Judah. (1 Chronicles 3:21) (B.C. 470.)
  2. A descendant of Issachar and a chief man of his tribe. (1 Chronicles 7:3) (B.C. 1014.)
  3. One of the six sons of Azel, a descendant of Saul. (1 Chronicles 8:33; 9:44) (B.C. 720.)
  4. A Levite, son of Shemaiah, and descended from Jeduthun. (1 Chronicles 9:16; Nehemiah 12:25)
  5. The second of the lion-faced Gadites who joined David at Ziklag. (1 Chronicles 12:9) (B.C. 1054.)
  6. One of the Princes of Judah in the reign of Jehoshaphat. (2 Chronicles 17:7) (B.C. 909.)
  7. The son of Jehiel, of the sons of Joab, who came up in the second caravan with Ezra. (Ezra 8:9)
  8. A priest, or family of priests, who settled the covenant with Nehemiah. (Nehemiah 10:5)
  9. The fourth of the twelve minor prophets. We know nothing of him except what we can gather from the short book which bears his name. The question of his date must depend upon the interpretation of the 11th verse of his prophecy. He there speaks of the conquest of Jerusalem and the captivity of Jacob as having occurred, He probably refers to the captivity by Nebuchadnezzar, B.C. 688. It must have been uttered at some time in the five years which intervened between B.C. 588 and 583. The book of Obadiah is a sustained denunciation of the Edomites, melting into a vision of the future glories of Zion when the arm of the Lord should have wrought her deliverance and have repaid double upon her enemies.
  10. An officer of high rank in the court of Ahab. (1 Kings 18:3) He was a devout worshipper of Jehovah, and at the peril of his life concealed over a hundred prophets during the persecution by Jezebel; (1 Kings 18:3-16) (B.C. 904.)
  11. The father of Ishmaiah who was chief of the tribe of Zebulun in David's reign. (1 Chronicles 27:19) (B.C. before 1014.)
  12. A Merarite Levite in the reign of Josiah, and one of the overseers of the workmen in the restoration of the temple. (2 Chronicles 34:12) (B.C.623.)
ATS Bible Dictionary

1. The chief officer of king Ahab's household, who preserved the lives of one hundred prophets from the persecuting Jezebel, by concealing them in two caves and furnishing them with food, 1 Kings 18:4.

2. The fourth of the minor prophets, supposed to have prophesied about 587 B. C. It cannot indeed be decided with certainty when he lived, but it is probable that he was contemporary with Jeremiah and Ezekiel, who denounced the same dreadful judgments on the Edomites, as the punishment of their pride, violence, and cruel insulting over the Jews after the destruction of their city. The prophecy, according to usher, was fulfilled about five years after the destruction of Jerusalem.

3. Eight or ten others of this name are mentioned in 1 Chronicles 3:21 7:3:8:38 9:16,44 12:9 27:19 2 Chronicles 17:7 34:12 Ezra 8:9 Nehemiah 10:5.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

o-ba-di'-a (`obhadhyah, more fully `obhadhyahu, "servant of Yahweh"):

(1) The steward or prime minister of Ahab, who did his best to protect the prophets of Yahweh against Jezebel's persecution. He met Elijah on his return from Zarephath, and bore to Ahab the news of Elijah's reappearance (1 Kings 18:3-16).

(2) The prophet (Obadiah 1:1).


(3) A descendant of David (1 Chronicles 3:21).

(4) A chief of the tribe of Issachar (1 Chronicles 7:3).

(5) A descendant of Saul (1 Chronicles 8:38; 1 Chronicles 9:44).

(6) A Levite descended from Jeduthun (1 Chronicles 9:16), identical with Abda (Nehemiah 11:17).

(7) A chief of the Gadites (1 Chronicles 12:9).

(8) A Zebulunite, father of the chief Ishmaiah (1 Chronicles 27:19).

(9) One of the princes sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the law in Judah (2 Chronicles 17:7).

(10) A Merarite employed by Josiah to oversee the workmen in repairing the temple (2 Chronicles 34:12).

(11) The head of a family who went up with Ezra from Babylon (Ezra 8:9).

(12) One of the men who sealed the covenant with Nehemiah (Nehemiah 10:5).

(13) A gate-keeper in the days of Nehemiah (Nehemiah 12:25).

The name "Obadiah" was common in Israel from the days of David to the close of the Old Testament. An ancient Hebrew seal bears the inscription "Obadiah the servant of the King."

John Richard Sampey


Obadiah is the shortest book in the Old Testament. The theme of the book is the destruction of Edom. Consequent upon the overthrow of Edom is the enlargement of the borders of Judah and the establishment of the kingship of Yahweh. Thus far all scholars are agreed; but on questions of authorship and date there is wide divergence of opinion.

1. Contents of the Book:

(1) Yahweh summons the nations to the overthrow of proud Edom. The men of Esau will be brought down from their lofty strongholds; their hidden treasures will be rifled; their confederates will turn against them; nor will the wise and the mighty men in Edom be able to avert the crushing calamity (Obadiah 1:1-9).

(2) The overthrow of Edom is due to the violence and cruelty shown toward his brother Jacob. The prophet describes the cruelty and shameless gloating over a brother's calamity, in the form of earnest appeals to Edom not to do the selfish and heartless deeds of which he had been guilty when Jerusalem was sacked by foreign foes (Obadiah 1:10-14).

(3) The day of the display of Yahweh's retributive righteousness upon the nations is near. Edom shall be completely destroyed by the people whom he has tried to uproot, while Israel's captives shall return to take possession of their own land and also to seize and rule the mount of Esau. Thus the kingship of Yahweh shall be established (Obadiah 1:15-21).

2. Unity of the Book:

The unity of Obadiah was first challenged by Eichhorn in 1824, 1:17-21 being regarded by him as an appendix attached to the original exilic prophecy in the time of Alexander Janneus (104-78 B.C.). Ewald thought that an exilic prophet, to whom he ascribed 1:11-14 and 19-21, had made use of an older prophecy by Obadiah in 1:1-10, and in 1:15-18 of material from another older prophet who was contemporary, like Obadiah, with Isaiah. As the years went on, the material assigned to the older oracle was limited by some to 1:1-9 and by others to 1:1-6. Wellhausen assigned to Obadiah 1:1-5, 7, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15b, while all else was regarded as a later appendix. Barton's theory of the composition of Obadiah is thus summed up by Bewer: " Obadiah 1:1-6 are a pre-exilic oracle of Obadiah, which was quoted by Jeremiah, and readapted with additions (Obadiah 1:7-15) by another Obadiah in the early post-exilic days; 1:16-21 form an appendix, probably from Maccabean times" (ICC, 5). Bewer's own view is closely akin to Barton's. He thinks that Obadiah, writing in the 5th century B.C., "quoted 1:1-4 almost, though not quite, literally; that he commented on the older oracle in 1:5-7, partly in the words of the older prophet, partly in his own words, in order to show that it had been fulfilled in his own day; and that in 1:8, 9 he quoted once more from the older oracle without any show of literalness." He ascribes to Obadiah 1:10-14 and 15b. The appendix consists of two sections, 1:15a, 16-18 and 1:19-21, possibly by different authors, 1:18 being a quotation from some older prophecy. To the average Bible student all this minute analysis of a brief prophecy must seem hypercritical. He will prefer to read the book as a unity; and in doing so will get the essence of the message it has for the present day.

3. Date of the Book:

Certain preliminary problems require solution before the question of date can be settled.

(1) Relation of Obadiah and Jeremiah 49.

(a) Did Obadiah quote from Jeremiah? Pusey thus sets forth the impossibility of such a solution: "Out of 16 verses of which the prophecy of Jeremiah against Edom consists, four are identical with those of Obadiah; a fifth embodies a verse of Obadiah's; of the eleven which remain, ten have some turns of expression or idioms, more or fewer, which recur in Jeremiah, either in these prophecies against foreign nations, or in his prophecies generally. Now it would be wholly improbable that a prophet, selecting verses out of the prophecy of Jeremiah, should have selected precisely those which contain none of Jeremiah's characteristic expressions; whereas it perfectly fits in with the supposition that Jeremiah interwove verses of Obadiah with his own prophecy, that in verses so interwoven there is not one expression which occurs elsewhere in Jeremiah" (Minor Prophets, I, 347).

(b) Did Jeremiah quote from Obadiah? It is almost incredible that the vigorous and well-articulated prophecy in Obadiah could have been made by piecing together detached quotations from Jer; but Jeremiah may well have taken from Obadiah many expressions that fell in with his general purpose. There are difficulties in applying this view to one or two verses, but it has not been disproved by the arguments from meter advanced by Bewer and others.

(c) Did both Obadiah and Jeremiah quote from an older oracle? This is the favorite solution among recent scholars, most of whom think that Obadiah preserves the vigor of the original, while Jeremiah quotes with more freedom; but Bewer in ICC, after a detailed comparison, thus sums up: "Our conclusion is that Obadiah quoted in Obadiah 1:1-9 an older oracle, the original of which is better preserved in Jeremiah 49." The student will do well to get his own first-hand impression from a careful comparison of the two passages. With Obadiah 1:1-4 compare Jeremiah 49:14-16; with Obadiah 1:5, 6 compare Jeremiah 49:9, 10 a; with Obadiah 1:8 compare Jeremiah 49:7; with Obadiah 1:9 a compare Jeremiah 49:22 b. On the whole, the view that Jeremiah, who often quotes from earlier prophets, draws directly from Obadiah, with free working over of the older prophets, seems still tenable.

(2) Relation of Obadiah and Joel.

There seems to be in Joel 2:32 (Hebrew 3:5) a direct allusion to Obadiah 1:17. If Joel prophesied during the minority of the boy king Joash (circa 830 B.C.), Obadiah would be, on this hypothesis, the earliest of the writing prophets.

(3) What Capture of Jerusalem Is Described in Obadiah 1:10-14?

The disaster seems to have been great enough to be called "destruction" (Obadiah 1:12). Hence, most scholars identify the calamity described by Obadiah with the capture and destruction of Jerusalem by the Chaldeans in 587 B.C. But it is remarkable, on this hypothesis, that no allusion is made either in Obadiah or Jeremiah 49:7-22 to the Chaldeans or to the destruction of the temple or to the wholesale transportation of the inhabitants of Jerusalem to Babylonia. We know, however, from Ezekiel 35:1-15 and Psalm 137:7 that Edom rejoiced over the final destruction of Jerusalem by the Chaldeans in 587 B.C., and that they encouraged the destroyers to blot out the holy city. Certain it is that the events of 587 accord remarkably with the language of Obadiah 1:10-14. Pusey indeed argues from the use of the form of the direct prohibition in Obadiah 1:12-14 that Edom had not yet committed the sins against which the prophet warns him, and so Jerusalem was not yet destroyed, when Obadiah wrote. But almost all modern scholars interpret the language of Obadiah 1:12-14 as referring to what was already past; the prophet "speaks of what the Edomites had actually done as of what they ought not to do." The scholars who regard Obadiah as the first of the writing prophets locate his ministry in Judah during the reign of Jehoram (circa 845 B.C.). Both 2 Kings and 2 Chronicles tell of the war of rebellion in the days of Jehoram when Edom, after a fierce struggle, threw off the yoke of Judah (2 Kings 8:20-22 2 Chronicles 21:8-10). Shortly after the revolt of Edom, according to 2 Chronicles 21:16, the Philistines and Arabians broke into Judah, "and carried away all the substance that was found in the king's house, and his sons also, and his wives; so that there was never a son left him, save Jehoahaz, the youngest of his sons." Evidently the capital city fell into the hands of the invaders. It was a calamity of no mean proportions.

The advocates of a late date call attention to three points that weaken the case for an early date for Obadiah:

(a) The silence of 2 Kings as to the invasion of the Philistines and Arabians. But what motive could the author of Chronicles have had for inventing the story?

(b) The absence of any mention of the destruction of the city by the Philistines and Arabians. It must be acknowledged that the events of 587 B.C. accord more fully with the description in Obadiah 1:10-14, though the disaster in the days of Jehoram must have been terrible.

(c) The silence as to Edom in 2 Chronicles 21:16 f. But so also are the historic books silent as to the part that Edom took in the destruction of Jerusalem in 587.

It is true that exilic and post-exilic prophets and psalmists speak in bitter denunciation of the unbrotherly conduct of Edom (Lamentations 4:21, 22 Ezekiel 25:12-14; Ezekiel 35:1-15 Psalm 137:7 Malachi 1:1-5; compare also Isaiah 34 and 63:1-6); but it is also true that the earliest Hebrew literature bears witness to the keen rivalry between Esau and Jacob (Genesis 25:22; Genesis 27:41 Numbers 20:14-21), and one of the earliest of the writing prophets denounces Edom for unnatural cruelty toward his brother (Amos 1:11; compare Joel 3:19 (Hebrews 4:19)).

(4) The Style of Obadiah.

Most early critics praise the style. Some of the more recent critics argue for different authors on the basis of a marked difference in style within the compass of the twenty-one verses in the little roll. Thus Selbie writes in HDB: "There is a difference in style between the two halves of the book, the first being terse, animated, and full of striking figures, while the second is diffuse and marked by poverty of ideas and trite figures." The criticism of the latter part of the book is somewhat exaggerated, though it may be freely granted that the first half is more original and vigorous. The Hebrew of the book is classic, with scarcely any admixture of Aramaic words or constructions. The author may well have lived in the golden age of the Hebrew language and literature.

(5) Geographical and Historical Allusions.

The references to the different sections and cities in the land of Israel and in the land of Edom are quite intelligible. As to Sepharad (Obadiah 1:20) there is considerable difference of opinion. Schrader and some others identify it with a Shaparda in Media, mentioned in the annals of Sargon (722-705 B.C.). Many think of Asia Minor, or a region in Asia Minor mentioned in Persian inscriptions, perhaps Bithynia or Galatia (Sayce). Some think that the mention of "the captives of this host of the children of Israel" and "the captives of Jerusalem" (Obadiah 1:20) proves that both the Assyrian captivity and the Babylonian exile were already past. This argument has considerable force; but it is well to remember that Amos, in the first half of the 8th century, describes wholesale deportations from the land of Israel by men engaged in the slave trade (Amos 1:6-10). The problem of the date of Obadiah has not been solved to the satisfaction of Biblical students. Our choice must be between a very early date (circa 845) and a date shortly after 587, with the scales almost evenly balanced.

4. Interpretation of the Book:

Obadiah is to be interpreted as prediction rather than history. In 1:11-14 there are elements of historic description, but 1:1-10 and 15-21 are predictive.


Comms.: Caspari, Der Prophet Obadjah ausgelegt, 1842; Pusey, The Minor Prophets, 1860; Ewald, Commentary on the Prophets of the Old Testament (English translation), II, 277;, 1875; Keil (ET), 1880; T.T. Perowne (in Cambridge Bible), 1889; von Orelli (English translation), The Minor Prophets, 1893; Wellhausen, Die kleinen Propheten, 1898; G.A. Smith, The Book of the Twelve Prophets, II, 163;, 1898; Nowack, Die kleinen Propheten, 1903; Marti, Dodekapropheton, 1903; Eiselen, The Minor Prophets, 1907; Bewer, ICC, 1911. Miscellaneous: Kirkpatrick, Doctrine of the Prophets, 33;; Intros of Driver, Wildeboer, etc.; Selbie in HDB, III, 577-80; Barton in JE, IX, 369-70; Cheyne in EB, III, 3455-62; Peckham, An Introduction to the Study of Obadiah, 1910; Kent, Students' Old Testament, III, 1910.

John Richard Sampey

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Servant of the Lord.

(1.) An Israelite who was chief in the household of King Ahab (1 Kings 18:3). Amid great spiritual degeneracy he maintained his fidelity to God, and interposed to protect The Lord's prophets, an hundred of whom he hid at great personal risk in a cave (4, 13). Ahab seems to have held Obadiah in great honour, although he had no sympathy with his piety (5, 6, 7). The last notice of him is his bringing back tidings to Ahab that Elijah, whom he had so long sought for, was at hand (9-16). "Go," said Elijah to him, when he met him in the way, "go tell thy lord, Behold, Elijah is here."

(2.) A chief of the tribe of Issachar (1 Chronicles 7:3).

(3.) A descendant of Saul (1 Chronicles 8:38).

(4.) A Levite, after the Captivity (1 Chronicles 9:16).

(5.) A Gadite who joined David at Ziklag (1 Chronicles 12:9).

(6.) A prince of Zebulun in the time of David (1 Chronicles 27:19).

(7.) One of the princes sent by Jehoshaphat to instruct the people in the law (2 Chronicles 17:7).

(8.) A Levite who superintended the repairs of the temple under Josiah (2 Chronicles 34:12).

(9.) One who accompanied Ezra on the return from Babylon (Ezra 8:9).

(10.) A prophet, fourth of the minor prophets in the Hebrew canon, and fifth in the LXX. He was probably contemporary with Jeremiah and Ezekiel. Of his personal history nothing is known.

Obadiah, Book of

Consists of one chapter, "concerning Edom," its impending doom (1:1-16), and the restoration of Israel (1:17-21). This is the shortest book of the Old Testament.

There are on record the account of four captures of Jerusalem, (1) by Shishak in the reign of Rehoboam (1 Kings 14:25); (2) by the Philistines and Arabians in the reign of Jehoram (2 Chronicles 21:16); (3) by Joash, the king of Israel, in the reign of Amaziah (2 Kings 14:13); and (4) by the Babylonians, when Jerusalem was taken and destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar (B.C. 586). Obadiah (1:11-14) speaks of this capture as a thing past. He sees the calamity as having already come on Jerusalem, and the Edomites as joining their forces with those of the Chaldeans in bringing about the degradation and ruin of Israel. We do not indeed read that the Edomites actually took part with the Chaldeans, but the probabilities are that they did so, and this explains the words of Obadiah in denouncing against Edom the judgments of God. The date of his prophecies was thus in or about the year of the destruction of Jerusalem.

Edom is the type of Israel's and of God's last foe (Isaiah 63:1-4). These will finally all be vanquished, and the kingdom will be the Lord's (Comp. Psalm 22:28).

Strong's Hebrew
5662. Obadyah -- "servant of Yah," the name of a number of Isr.
... Transliteration: Obadyah or Obadyahu Phonetic Spelling: (o-bad-yaw') Short
Definition: Obadiah. ... NASB Word Usage Obadiah (20). Obadiah. ...
/hebrew/5662.htm - 6k


Obadiah: A Descendant of Joab Who Returned from Babylon

Obadiah: A Descendant of Tola

Obadiah: A Gadite Warrior Who Joined David at Ziklag

Obadiah: A Gatekeeper of Jerusalem, Under Nehemiah

Obadiah: A Levite

Obadiah: A Levite: One of the Overseers in the Repairing of the Temple by Josiah

Obadiah: A Priest Who Sealed a Covenant With Nehemiah to Observe God's Law

Obadiah: A Prince of Judah Who Instructed the People in the Law

Obadiah: A Prophet Who Prophesied the Destruction of Edom

Obadiah: Father of Ishmaiah

Obadiah: Head of a Family

Obadiah: Son of Azel

Obadiah: The Governor of Ahab's House: Conceals One-Hundred Prophets Persecuted by Jezebel in a Cave

Obadiah: The Governor of Ahab's House: Meets Elijah and Receives a Commission from Him

Related Terms

Obadi'ah (16 Occurrences)

Zarephath (4 Occurrences)

Jehiel (17 Occurrences)

Ambassador (5 Occurrences)

Teman (12 Occurrences)

Edom (108 Occurrences)

Jeshai'ah (7 Occurrences)

Gloat (11 Occurrences)

Gazed (9 Occurrences)

Ishmaiah (2 Occurrences)

Rephai'ah (5 Occurrences)

Revered (7 Occurrences)

Rumour (13 Occurrences)

Representative (10 Occurrences)

Rumor (10 Occurrences)

Devout (13 Occurrences)

Meshul'lam (23 Occurrences)

Pelati'ah (5 Occurrences)

Believer (15 Occurrences)

Bocheru (2 Occurrences)

Beguiled (10 Occurrences)

Bokeru (2 Occurrences)

Controller (10 Occurrences)

Crossway (2 Occurrences)

Abda (2 Occurrences)

Azel (5 Occurrences)

Azrikam (6 Occurrences)

Amaziah (41 Occurrences)


Sepharad (1 Occurrence)

Shecani'ah (9 Occurrences)

Sheariah (2 Occurrences)

Misfortune (24 Occurrences)

Ahab (85 Occurrences)

Hanan (19 Occurrences)

Cave (40 Occurrences)

Esau (89 Occurrences)

Shouldst (61 Occurrences)

Edomites (22 Occurrences)

Eli'jah (93 Occurrences)

Shemaiah (40 Occurrences)

Discernment (43 Occurrences)

Meshullam (25 Occurrences)

Negeb (37 Occurrences)

Hanani'ah (28 Occurrences)

Negev (39 Occurrences)

Shouldest (79 Occurrences)

Envoy (5 Occurrences)

Embassador (4 Occurrences)

Sela (5 Occurrences)

Fearing (107 Occurrences)

Nest (22 Occurrences)


Deceived (55 Occurrences)

Survivors (49 Occurrences)

Steward (23 Occurrences)

Elijah (104 Occurrences)

Feared (134 Occurrences)

Shephelah (2 Occurrences)

Summoned (103 Occurrences)

Let's (74 Occurrences)

Lowland (34 Occurrences)

Exalt (56 Occurrences)

Zebulun (46 Occurrences)

Palace (194 Occurrences)

Governor (78 Occurrences)

218 (1 Occurrence)

Valleys (38 Occurrences)

Ko'hathites (19 Occurrences)

Netoph'athites (3 Occurrences)

Nethaneel (14 Occurrences)

Netophathites (3 Occurrences)

Nethan'el (14 Occurrences)

Netophathite (9 Occurrences)

Nethanel (14 Occurrences)

Uzzi (11 Occurrences)

Oath's (2 Occurrences)

Overlook (7 Occurrences)

Overpower (11 Occurrences)

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