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Bible Concordance
Teaching (372 Occurrences)

Matthew 4:23 Jesus went about in all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, preaching the Good News of the Kingdom, and healing every disease and every sickness among the people. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 5:2 And with these words he gave them teaching, saying, (BBE YLT)

Matthew 5:19 Whoever then goes against the smallest of these laws, teaching men to do the same, will be named least in the kingdom of heaven; but he who keeps the laws, teaching others to keep them, will be named great in the kingdom of heaven. (BBE)

Matthew 7:28 It happened, when Jesus had finished saying these things, that the multitudes were astonished at his teaching, (WEB WEY ASV BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 7:29 for He had been teaching them as one who had authority, and not as their Scribes taught. (WEY BBE YLT NAS)

Matthew 9:35 Jesus went about all the cities and the villages, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the Good News of the Kingdom, and healing every disease and every sickness among the people. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 11:1 And it came about that when Jesus had come to the end of giving these orders to his twelve disciples, he went away from there, teaching and preaching in their towns. (BBE)

Matthew 13:3 And he gave them teaching in the form of a story, saying, A man went out to put seed in the earth; (BBE)

Matthew 13:54 And coming into his country, he gave them teaching in their Synagogue, so that they were greatly surprised and said, Where did this man get this wisdom and these works of power? (BBE YLT NAS NIV)

Matthew 15:2 Why do your disciples go against the teaching of the fathers? for they take food with unwashed hands. (BBE)

Matthew 15:3 And in answer he said to them, Why do you, yourselves, go against the word of God on account of the teaching which has been handed down to you? (BBE DBY)

Matthew 15:6 There is no need for him to give honour to his father. And you have made the word of God without effect because of your teaching. (BBE DBY)

Matthew 15:9 And in vain do they worship me, teaching as doctrine rules made by men.'" (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 16:12 Then they understood that he didn't tell them to beware of the yeast of bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees. (WEB WEY ASV BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 19:11 "It is not every man," He replied, "who can receive this teaching, but only those on whom the grace has been bestowed. (WEY)

Matthew 21:23 When he had come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came to him as he was teaching, and said, "By what authority do you do these things? Who gave you this authority?" (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 22:16 And they sent to him their disciples, with the Herodians, saying, Master, we see that you are true, and that you are teaching the true way of God, and have no fear of anyone, because you have no respect for a man's position. (BBE)

Matthew 22:33 When the multitudes heard it, they were astonished at his teaching. (WEB WEY ASV BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 26:55 In that hour Jesus said to the multitudes, "Have you come out as against a robber with swords and clubs to seize me? I sat daily in the temple teaching, and you didn't arrest me. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 28:20 teaching them to observe all things that I commanded you. Behold, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Mark 1:21 And they came to Capernaum; and on the Sabbath he went into the Synagogue and gave teaching. (BBE YLT)

Mark 1:22 They were astonished at his teaching, for he taught them as having authority, and not as the scribes. (WEB WEY ASV BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Mark 1:27 They were all amazed, so that they questioned among themselves, saying, "What is this? A new teaching? For with authority he commands even the unclean spirits, and they obey him!" (WEB WEY ASV BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Mark 1:38 And he said to them, Let us go to other parts into the nearest towns, so that I may give teaching there, because for this purpose I came. (BBE)

Mark 2:2 And a great number had come together, so that there was no longer room for them, no, not even about the door: and he gave them teaching. (BBE)

Mark 2:13 And he went out again by the seaside; and all the people came to him, and he gave them teaching. (BBE YLT NAS)

Mark 4:1 And again he was teaching by the seaside. And a very great number of people had come to him, so that he got into a boat on the sea and took his seat; and all the people were on the land by the seaside. (BBE)

Mark 4:2 He taught them many things in parables, and told them in his teaching, (WEB WEY ASV BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Mark 4:33 And with a number of such stories he gave them his teaching, as they were able to take it: (BBE)

Mark 6:2 And when the Sabbath day had come, he was teaching in the Synagogue; and a number of people hearing him were surprised, saying, From where did this man get these things? and, What is the wisdom given to this man, and what are these works of power done by his hands? (BBE)

Mark 6:6 He marveled because of their unbelief. He went around the villages teaching. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Mark 6:30 And the twelve came together to Jesus; and they gave him an account of all the things they had done, and all they had been teaching. (BBE)

Mark 6:34 And he got out, and saw a great mass of people, and he had pity on them, because they were like sheep without a keeper: and he gave them teaching about a number of things. (BBE NIV)

Mark 7:7 But in vain do they worship me, teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.' (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Mark 7:13 making void the word of God by your traditional teaching which ye have delivered; and many such like things ye do. (DBY)

Mark 8:31 And teaching them, he said that the Son of man would have to undergo much, and be hated by those in authority, and the chief priests, and the scribes, and be put to death, and after three days come back from the dead. (BBE)

Mark 9:31 For he was teaching his disciples, and said to them, "The Son of Man is being handed over to the hands of men, and they will kill him; and when he is killed, on the third day he will rise again." (WEB WEY BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Mark 10:1 He arose from there and came into the borders of Judea and beyond the Jordan. Multitudes came together to him again. As he usually did, he was again teaching them. (WEB WEY BBE YLT)

Mark 11:17 And he gave them teaching, and said to them, Is it not in the Writings, My house is to be named a house of prayer for all the nations? but you have made it a hole of thieves. (BBE YLT)

Mark 11:18 The chief priests and the scribes heard it, and sought how they might destroy him. For they feared him, because all the multitude was astonished at his teaching. (WEB WEY ASV BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Mark 12:1 And he gave them teaching in the form of stories. A man had a vine-garden planted, and put a wall about it, and made a place for crushing out the wine, and put up a tower, and let it out to field-workers, and went into another country. (BBE)

Mark 12:14 And when they had come, they said to him, Master, we are certain that you are true, and have no fear of anyone: you have no respect for a man's position, but you are teaching the true way of God: Is it right to give taxes to Caesar or not? (BBE)

Mark 12:35 But, while teaching in the Temple, Jesus asked, "How is it the Scribes say that the Christ is a son of David? (WEY BBE DBY YLT NIV)

Mark 12:38 In his teaching he said to them, "Beware of the scribes, who like to walk in long robes, and to get greetings in the marketplaces, (WEB WEY ASV BBE YLT NAS RSV)

Mark 14:49 I was daily with you in the temple teaching, and you didn't arrest me. But this is so that the Scriptures might be fulfilled." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 1:4 So that you might have certain knowledge of those things about which you were given teaching. (BBE)

Luke 4:15 And he was teaching in their Synagogues and all men gave him praise. (BBE YLT NAS)

Luke 4:31 He came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee. He was teaching them on the Sabbath day, (WEB ASV BBE YLT NAS RSV)

Luke 4:32 and they were astonished at his teaching, for his word was with authority. (WEB WEY ASV BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 4:36 Amazement came on all, and they spoke together, one with another, saying, "What is this word? For with authority and power he commands the unclean spirits, and they come out!" (See NIV)

Luke 4:44 And he was teaching in the Synagogues of Galilee. (BBE)

Luke 5:3 And he got into one of the boats, the property of Simon, and made a request to him to go a little way out from the land. And being seated he gave the people teaching from the boat. (BBE YLT NAS)

Luke 5:17 It happened on one of those days, that he was teaching; and there were Pharisees and teachers of the law sitting by, who had come out of every village of Galilee, Judea, and Jerusalem. The power of the Lord was with him to heal them. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 6:6 On another Sabbath He had gone to the synagogue and was teaching there; and in the congregation was a man whose right arm was withered. (WEY BBE NAS NIV)

Luke 6:39 And he gave them teaching in the form of a story, saying, Is it possible for one blind man to be guide to another? will they not go falling together into a hole? (BBE)

Luke 7:1 After He had finished teaching all these things in the hearing of the people, He went into Capernaum. (WEY)

Luke 8:4 And when a great number of people came together, and men from every town went out to him, he gave them teaching in the form of a story: (BBE)

Luke 9:11 But the people, getting news of it, went after him: and he was pleased to see them, and gave them teaching about the kingdom of God, and made those well who were in need of it. (BBE)

Luke 10:39 She had a sister called Mary, who seated herself at the Lord's feet and listened to His teaching. (WEY RSV)

Luke 11:1 And it came about that he was in prayer in a certain place, and when he came to an end, one of his disciples said to him, Lord, will you give us teaching about prayer, as John did to his disciples? (BBE)

Luke 13:10 He was teaching in one of the synagogues on the Sabbath day. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 13:22 He went on his way through cities and villages, teaching, and traveling on to Jerusalem. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 13:26 Then you will say, We have taken food and drink with you, and you were teaching in our streets. (BBE)

Luke 14:7 And he gave teaching in the form of a story to the guests who came to the feast, when he saw how they took the best seats; saying to them, (BBE)

Luke 14:15 After listening to this teaching, one of His fellow guests said to Him, "Blessed is he who shall feast in God's Kingdom." (WEY)

Luke 19:47 He was teaching daily in the temple, but the chief priests and the scribes and the leading men among the people sought to destroy him. (WEB ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 20:1 It happened on one of those days, as he was teaching the people in the temple and preaching the Good News, that the priests and scribes came to him with the elders. (WEB WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 20:21 And they put a question to him, saying, Master, we are certain that your teaching and your words are right, and that you have no respect for a man's position, but you are teaching the true way of God: (BBE)

Luke 21:37 Every day Jesus was teaching in the temple, and every night he would go out and spend the night on the mountain that is called Olivet. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 23:2 And they made statements against him, saying, This man has to our knowledge been teaching our nation to do wrong, and not to make payment of taxes to Caesar, even saying that he himself is Christ, a king. (BBE)

Luke 23:5 But they insisted, saying, "He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee even to this place." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 23:14 You say that this man has been teaching the people evil things: now I, after going into the question before you, see nothing wrong in this man in connection with the things which you have said against him: (BBE)

Luke 24:47 And that teaching about a change of heart and forgiveness of sins is to be given to Jerusalem first and to all nations in his name. (BBE)

John 2:22 When however He had risen from among the dead, His disciples recollected that He had said this; and they believed the Scripture and the teaching which Jesus had given them. (WEY)

John 3:31 He who comes from above is above all. He whose origin is from the earth is not only himself from the earth, his teaching also is from the earth. He who comes from Heaven is above all. (WEY)

John 5:24 "In most solemn truth I tell you that he who listens to my teaching and believes Him who sent me, has the Life of the Ages, and does not come under judgement, but has passed over out of death into Life. (WEY)

John 6:45 The writings of the prophets say, And they will all have teaching from God. Everyone whose ears have been open to the teaching of the Father comes to me. (BBE)

John 6:59 Jesus said all this in the synagogue while teaching at Capernaum. (WEY BBE DBY YLT NIV)

John 6:60 Many therefore of His disciples, when they heard it, said, "This is hard to accept. Who can listen to such teaching?" (WEY BBE NIV)

John 7:14 But when the Festival was already half over, Jesus went up to the Temple and commenced teaching. (WEY BBE YLT)

John 7:16 Jesus therefore answered them, "My teaching is not mine, but his who sent me. (WEB WEY ASV BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)

John 7:17 If anyone desires to do his will, he will know about the teaching, whether it is from God, or if I am speaking from myself. (WEB WEY ASV BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)

John 7:18 The man whose teaching originates with himself aims at his own glory. He who aims at the glory of Him who sent him teaches the truth, and there is no deception in him. (WEY)

John 7:28 Jesus therefore cried out in the temple, teaching and saying, "You both know me, and know where I am from. I have not come of myself, but he who sent me is true, whom you don't know. (WEB WEY ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS NIV)

John 8:2 And early in the morning he came again into the Temple and all the people came to him and he was seated teaching them. (BBE YLT)

John 8:3 and was teaching them when the Scribes and the Pharisees brought to Him a woman who had been found committing adultery. They made her stand in the centre of the court, and they put the case to Him. (WEY)

John 8:20 These sayings He uttered in the Treasury, while teaching in the Temple; yet no one arrested Him, because His time had not yet come. (WEY BBE DBY YLT NIV)

John 8:28 So Jesus said, When the Son of man has been lifted up by you, then it will be clear to you who I am, and that I do nothing of myself, but say as the Father gave me teaching. (BBE)

John 8:31 Jesus therefore said to those of the Jews who had now believed in Him, "As for you, if you hold fast to my teaching, then you are truly my disciples; (WEY NIV)

John 8:37 You are descendants of Abraham, I know; but you want to kill me, because my teaching gains no ground within you. (WEY)

John 8:43 Why are my words not clear to you? It is because your ears are shut to my teaching. (BBE)

John 8:51 In most solemn truth I tell you that if any one shall have obeyed my teaching he shall in no case ever see death." (WEY)

John 8:52 "Now," exclaimed the Jews, "we know that you are possessed by a demon. Abraham died, and so did the Prophets, and yet *you* say, 'If any one shall have obeyed my teaching, he shall in no case ever taste death.' (WEY)

John 9:34 They answered and said to him, 'In sins thou wast born altogether, and thou dost teach us!' and they cast him forth without. (See NAS)

John 10:6 In this Jesus was teaching them in the form of a story: but what he said was not clear to them. (BBE)

John 14:23 "If any one loves me," replied Jesus, "he will obey my teaching; and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him. (WEY NIV)

John 14:24 He who has no love for me does not obey my teaching; and yet the teaching to which you are listening is not mine, but is the teaching of the Father who sent me. (WEY NIV)

John 15:3 Already you are cleansed--through the teaching which I have given you. (WEY BBE)

John 15:20 Bear in mind what I said to you, 'A servant is not superior to his master.' If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you: if they have obeyed my teaching, they will obey yours also. (WEY NIV)

John 17:20 "Nor is it for them alone that I make request. It is also for those who trust in me through their teaching; (WEY)


Teaching (372 Occurrences)
... n.) of Teach. 2. (n.) The act or business of instructing; also, that which is taught;
instruction. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. TEACH; TEACHER; TEACHING. ...
/t/teaching.htm - 62k

Training (32 Occurrences)
... 2 Timothy 3:16 Every holy Writing which comes from God is of profit for teaching,
for training, for guiding, for education in righteousness: (BBE NAS RSV NIV). ...
/t/training.htm - 15k

Philetus (1 Occurrence)
... The apostle speaks of Hymeneus and Philetus as instances of men who were doing most
serious injury to the church by their teaching, and by what that teaching...
/p/philetus.htm - 9k

Surprised (46 Occurrences)
... Matthew 7:28 And it came about, when Jesus had come to the end of these words, that
the people were surprised at his teaching, (BBE). ... a new teaching! ...
/s/surprised.htm - 19k

Proclaiming (63 Occurrences)
... Matthew 4:23 Then Jesus travelled through all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues
and proclaiming the Good News of the Kingdom, and curing every kind of ...
/p/proclaiming.htm - 25k

Stoics (1 Occurrence)
... STOICS. sto'-iks (Stoikoi): 1. Origin and Propagation 2. Metaphysics and Religion
3. Sensationalist Epistemology 4. Ethical Teaching 5. Relation to Christianity ...
/s/stoics.htm - 15k

Stories (30 Occurrences)
... Mark 4:2 And he gave them teaching about a number of things in the form of
stories, and said to them in his teaching, Give ear: (BBE). ...
/s/stories.htm - 16k

... Socrates' teaching cast a shadow on the reality of the existence of the gods,
and this charge was brought against him by his contemporaries. ...
/a/atheism.htm - 13k

Commandment (209 Occurrences)
... There is a sense in which it is true that Christ propounded no new commandment,
but the new thing in His teaching was the emphasis laid on the old commandment ...
/c/commandment.htm - 47k

Colossians (1 Occurrence)
... of information which had somehow been conveyed to him of the internal state of the
church there (Colossians 1:4-8). Its object was to counteract false teaching...
/c/colossians.htm - 23k

1322. didache -- doctrine, teaching
... doctrine, teaching. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: didache Phonetic
Spelling: (did-akh-ay') Short Definition: teaching, doctrine Definition ...
/greek/1322.htm - 7k

1317. didaktikos -- apt at teaching
... apt at teaching. Part of Speech: Adjective Transliteration: didaktikos Phonetic
Spelling: (did-ak-tik-os') Short Definition: able to teach, apt to teach ...
/greek/1317.htm - 6k

1319. didaskalia -- instruction (the function or the information)
... of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: didaskalia Phonetic Spelling:
(did-as-kal-ee'-ah) Short Definition: instruction, teaching Definition: instruction ...
/greek/1319.htm - 7k

2567. kalodidaskalos -- a teacher of good
... Word Origin from kalos and didaskalos Definition a teacher of good NASB Word Usage
teaching what (1), teaching what is good (1). teacher of good things. ...
/greek/2567.htm - 7k

1321. didasko -- to teach
... disseminate information). In the NT, 1321 ("teach") nearly always refers to
teaching the Scriptures (the written Word of God). The key ...
/greek/1321.htm - 9k

2727. katecheo -- to teach by word of mouth
... to," which intensifies 2278 , "to sound") -- properly, "sound down," ie learn exactly
by (meaningful repetition); to learn by ; to , teaching truths as they ...
/greek/2727.htm - 8k

1318. didaktos -- instructed, taught
... instructed, taught. From didasko; (subjectively) instructed, or (objectively)
communicated by teaching -- taught, which... Teacheth. see GREEK didasko. ...
/greek/1318.htm - 6k

2130. eumetadotos -- ready to impart
... virtue. The teaching is Christian: John the Baptist had instructed people
to give to the needy (Lk 3:11)" (C. Spicq, 2, 121).]. Word ...
/greek/2130.htm - 7k

3850. parabole -- to expose oneself to danger
... 3850 (from 3844 , "close beside, with" and 906 , "to cast") -- a parable;
a teaching aid cast alongside the truth being taught. ...
/greek/3850.htm - 7k

3420. mneme -- memory, remembrance
... lasting memory"). This "memorial" (memory) deserves to be , ie remembered
to honor an important concept or teaching. Word Origin ...
/greek/3420.htm - 6k

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

tech, tech'-er, tech'-ing:


1. Discipline

2. Law

3. Discernment

4. Wisdom

5. Knowledge

6. Illumination

7. Vision

8. Inspiration

9. Nourishment


1. Instruction

2. Acquisition

3. Presentation

4. Elucidation

5. Exposition

6. Authority

7. Care

8. Supervision


1. In the Home

2. In Public



1. Christ's Life

2. Apostolic Labors

3. General Considerations

A rich variety of words is employed in the Bible to describe the teaching process. The terms do not so much indicate an office and an official as a function and a service, although both ideas are often expressed or implied.

I. Old Testament Terms.

1. Discipline:

lamadh, "to beat": A very common word for "to teach"; it may have meant "to beat with a rod," "to chastise," and may have originally referred to the striking and goading of beasts by which they were curbed and trained. By a noble evolution the term came to describe the process of disciplining and training men in war, religion and life (Isaiah 2:3 Hosea 10:11 Micah 4:2). As teaching is both a condition and an accompaniment of disciplining, the word often means simply "to teach," "to inform" (2 Chronicles 17:7 Psalm 71:17 Proverbs 5:13). The glory of teaching was its harmony with the will of God, its source in God's authority, and its purpose to secure spiritual obedience (Deuteronomy 4:5, 14; Deuteronomy 31:12, 13).

2. Law:

yarah, "to cast": The teaching idea from which the law was derived is expressed by a verb which means "to throw," "to cast as an arrow or lot." It is also used of thrusting the hand forth to point out or show clearly (Genesis 46:28 Exodus 15:25). The original idea is easily changed into an educational conception, since the teacher puts forth new ideas and facts as a sower casts seed into the ground. But the process of teaching was not considered external and mechanical but internal and vital (Exodus 35:34, 35 2 Chronicles 6:27). The nominal form is the usual word for law, human and divine, general and specific (Deuteronomy 4:8 Psalm 19:8 Proverbs 1:8). The following are suggestive phrases: "the book of the law" (Deuteronomy 28:61 2 Kings 22:8); "the book of the law of Moses" (Joshua 8:31 2 Kings 14:6); "the book of the law of God" (Joshua 24:26); "the book of the law of Yahweh" (2 Chronicles 17:9). Thus even in the days of Joshua there was in the possession of the religious teachers a book of the Law of the Lord as given by Moses. This recorded revelation and legislation continued to be the divine norm and ultimate authority for priest, king and people (2 Chronicles 23:11 Nehemiah 8:1-3).

3. Discernment:

bin, "to separate": The word meaning "to separate," "to distinguish," is often used in a causative sense to signify "to teach." The idea of teaching was not an aggregation of facts bodily transferred like merchandise. Real learning followed genuine teaching. This word suggests a sound psychological basis for a good pedagogy. The function of teaching might be exercised with reference to the solution of difficult problems, the interpretation of God's will, or the manner of a godly life (Daniel 8:16, 26 Nehemiah 8:7-9 Psalm 119:34).

4. Wisdom:

sakhal, "to be wise": The verb from which the various nominal forms for "wisdom" are derived means "to look at," "to behold," "to view," and in the causative stem describes the process by which one is enabled to see for himself what had never before entered his physical or intellectual field of consciousness. The noun indicates a wise person or sage whose mission is to instruct others in the ways of the Lord (Proverbs 16:23; Proverbs 21:11; and often in the Wisdom literature). In Daniel 12:3 we read: "They that are wise (margin, "the teachers") shall shine as the brightness of the firmament."

5. Knowledge:

yadha', "to see" (compare oida): This verb literally means "to see" and consequently "to perceive," "to know," "to come to know," and "cause to know or teach." It describes the act of knowing as both progressive and completed. The causative conception signifies achievement in the sphere of instruction. It is used of the interpretation and application by Moses of the principles of the law of God (Exodus 18:16, 20), of the elucidation of life's problems by the sages (Proverbs 9:9; Proverbs 22:19), and of constant Providential guidance in the way of life (Psalm 16:11).

6. Illumination:

zahar, "to shine": This verbal root signifies "to shine," and when applied to the intellectual sphere indicates the function of teaching to be one of illumination. Ignorance is darkness, knowledge is light. Moses was to teach the people statutes and laws, or to enlighten them on the principles and precepts of God's revelation (Exodus 18:20). The service rendered by the teachers-priests, Levites and fathers-sent forth by Jehoshaphat, was one of illumination in the twofold sense of instruction and admonition (2 Chronicles 19:8-10).

7. Vision:

ra'-ah, "to see": The literal meaning of this verb is "to see," and the nominal form is the ancient name for prophet or authoritative teacher who was expected to have a clear vision of spiritual realities, the will of God, the need of man and the way of life (1 Samuel 9:9 1 Chronicles 9:22 2 Chronicles 16:7 Isaiah 30:10).

8. Inspiration;

nabha', "to boil up": The most significant word for "prophet" is derived from the verb which means "to boil up or forth like a fountain," and consequently to pour forth words under the impelling power of the Spirit of God. The Hebrews used the passive forms of the verb because they considered the thoughts and words of the prophets due not to personal ability but to divine influence. The utterances of the prophets were characterized by instruction, admonition, persuasion and prediction (Deuteronomy 18:15-22 Ezekiel 33:1-20).

9. Nourishment:

ra`ah, "to feed a flock": The name "shepherd," so precious in both the Old Testament and the New Testament, comes from a verb meaning "to feed," hence, to protect and care for out of a sense of devotion, ownership and responsibility. It is employed with reference to civil rulers in their positions of trust (2 Samuel 5:2 Jeremiah 23:2); with reference to teachers of virtue and wisdom (Proverbs 10:21 Ecclesiastes 12:11); and preeminently with reference to God as the great Shepherd of His chosen people (Psalm 23:1 Hosea 4:16). Ezekiel 34 presents an arraignment of the unfaithful shepherds or civil rulers; Psalm 23 reveals Yahweh as the Shepherd of true believers, and John 10 shows how religious teachers are shepherds under Jesus the Good Shepherd.

II. New Testament Terms.

Further light is thrown upon religious teaching in Bible times by a brief view of the leading educational terms found in the New Testament.

1. Instruction:

didasko, "to teach": The usual word for "teach" in the New Testament signifies either to hold a discourse with others in order to instruct them, or to deliver a didactic discourse where there may not be direct personal and verbal participation. In the former sense it describes the interlocutory method, the interplay of the ideas and words between pupils and teachers, and in the latter use it refers to the more formal monologues designed especially to give information (Matthew 4:23 Matthew 5-7; Matthew 13:36 John 6:59 1 Corinthians 4:17 1 Timothy 2:12). A teacher is one who performs the function or fills the office of instruction. Ability and fitness for the work are required (Romans 2:20 Hebrews 5:12). The title refers to Jewish teachers (John 1:38), to John the Baptist (Luke 3:12), to Jesus (John 3:2; John 8:4, and often), to Paul (1 Timothy 2:7 2 Timothy 1:11), and to instructors in the early church (Acts 13:1 Romans 12:7 1 Corinthians 12:28). Teaching, like preaching, was an integral part of the work of an apostle (Matthew 28:19 Mark 16:15 Ephesians 4:1).

2. Acquisition:

manthano, "to learn": The central thought of teaching is causing one to learn. Teaching and learning are not scholastic but dynamic, and imply personal relationship and activity in the acquisition of knowledge (Matthew 11:29; Matthew 28:19 Acts 14:21). There were three concentric circles of disciples in the time of our Lord: learners, pupils, superficial followers, the multitude (John 6:66); the body of believers who accepted Jesus as their Master (Matthew 10:42); and the Twelve Disciples whom Jesus also called apostles (Matthew 10:2).

3. Presentation:

paratithemi, "to place beside": The presentative idea involved in the teaching process is intimately associated with the principle of adaptation. When it is stated that Christ put forth parables unto the people, the sacred writer employs the figure of placing alongside of, or near one, hence, before him in an accessible position. The food or teaching should be sound, or hygienic, and adapted to the capacity and development of the recipient (Matthew 13:24 Mark 8:6 Acts 16:34 1 Corinthians 10:27 2 Timothy 4:3 Hebrews 5:12-14).

4. Elucidation:

diermeneuo, "to interpret": In the walk to Emmaus, Christ explained to the perplexed disciples the Old Testament Scriptures in reference to Himself. The work of interpreter is to make truth clear and to effect the edification of the hearer (Luke 24:27 1 Corinthians 12:30; 1 Corinthians 14:5, 13, 17).

5. Exposition:

ektithemi, "to place out": The verb literally means "to set or place out," and signifies to bring out the latent and secret ideas of a literary passage or a system of thought and life. Thus Peter interpreted his vision, Aquila and Priscilla unfolded truth to Apollos, and Paul expounded the gospel in Rome (Acts 11:4; Acts 18:26; Acts 28:23). True teaching is an educational exposition.

6. Authority:

prophetes, "one who speaks for": A prophet was a man who spoke forth a message from God to the people. He might deal with past failures and achievements, present privileges and responsibilities, or future doom and glory. He received his message and authority from God (Deuteronomy 18:15-22 Isaiah 6). The word refers to Old Testament teachers (Matthew 5:12), to John the Baptist (Matthew 21:26), to Jesus the Messiah (Acts 3:25), and to special speakers in the Apostolic age (Matthew 10:41 Acts 13:1 1 Corinthians 14:29, 37).

7. Care:

poimen, "a shepherd": The word for shepherd signifies one who tends a flock, and by analogy a person who gives mental and spiritual nourishment, and guards and supports those under his care (Matthew 9:36 John 10:2, 16 1 Peter 2:25 Ephesians 4:11). Love is a fundamental prerequisite to the exercise of the shepherding function (John 21:15-18). The duties are to be discharged with great diligence and in humble recognition of the gifts and appointment of the Holy Spirit (Acts 20:28).

8. Supervision:

episkopos, "an overseer": The bishop or overseer was to feed and protect the blood-bought church of God (Acts 20:28). Among the various qualifications of the religious overseers was an aptitude for teaching (1 Timothy 3:2 Titus 1:9). The Lord is pre-eminently shepherd and bishop (1 Peter 2:25).

III. Old Testament History.

1. In the Home:

In the Jewish home the teaching of the law of the Lord was primarily incumbent upon the parents. The teaching was to be diligent, the conversation religious, and the atmosphere wholesome (Deuteronomy 6:7-9).

2. In Public:

Provision was also made for public instruction the law of God (Deuteronomy 31:12, 13). This is a compact summary of early Hebrew teaching in regard to the extent of patronage, the substance of instruction, and the purpose of the process. Samuel the judge and prophet recognized that his duty was fundamentally to pray, to God for his people and to teach the nation "the good and the right way" (1 Samuel 12:23). The glory and prosperity of Judah under Jehoshaphat were due in large measure to the emphasis he laid upon religious instruction as the basis of national character and stability. His peripatetic Bible school faculty consisted of five princes, nine Levites and two priests who effected a moral and religious transformation, for "they taught in Judah, having the book of the law of Yahweh with them" (2 Chronicles 17:7-9). The most striking illustration we have of public religious instruction in the Old Testament is found in Ne 8. Ezra the priest and scribe was superintendent, and had an ample corps of teachers to instruct the multitude of men, women and children eager to hear. Prayer created a devotional atmosphere. The reading was distinct, the interpretation correct and intelligible. There was real teaching because the people were made to understand and obey the law. In Nehemiah 9 and 10 we have recorded the spiritual, ceremonial, social and civic effects of ancient religious instruction.

IV. Extra-Biblical Teaching.

The captivity gave mighty impulse to teaching. In far-away Babylon the Jews, deprived of the privilege and inspiration of the temple, established the synagogue as an institutional center of worship and instruction. During the latter part of the inter-Biblical period, religious teaching was carried on in the synagogue and attendance was compulsory, education in the Law being considered the fundmental element of national security (Deutsch, Literary Remains, 23; Edersheim, Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah, I, 230). The Bible text alone was taught those from 5 to 10 years of age, the first lessons being taken from Leviticus (Taylor, Sayings of the Jewish Fathers, 111). From 10 to 15 years of age the pupil was taught the substance of the Mishna or unwritten tradition, and accorded the privilege of entering into the discussions of the Mishna which constitute the Gemara (Edersheim, op. cit., I, 232). Selections of Scriptures like the shema (Deuteronomy 6:4-9) were made for study, and lesson helps were adapted to the capacity of the pupils (Ginsburg, article "Education" in Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature). The significance of the teaching idea among the Jews is indicated by numerous expressions for school (article "Education," Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature) and the prevalence of the synagogues, there being perhaps 480 in Jerusalem in the time of Christ (Hor. Heb. I, 78). The pupil was not expected to be a passive hearer but an active participant (Ab., vi0.6; Taylor, Sayings of the Jewish Fathers, 115). Great emphasis was laid upon audible repetition and exact memory, yet the teacher was culpable if the pupil failed to understand the prescribed lesson (Hamburger, RE, II, 672, 674). The pupil was regarded as the child of his teacher (Sanhedhrin 19), which is a familiar idea in the New Testament. The faithful teacher was considered destined to occupy a high seat among the ancients (Daniel 12:3). The scribes were secretaries or copyists of the sacred Law, and would thus acquire at least an accurate verbal knowledge of its contents. Quite naturally they would become religious teachers (Nehemiah 8:4). Hence, also their prominence in the New Testament.


Article "Torah," Jewish Encyclopedia (compare the articles "Talmud'' and "Education"); Trumbull, Yale Lectures on the Sunday-School, 3-40; Hamburger. SeeHauck-Herzog, Realencyklopadie fur protestantische Theologie und Kirche.

V. New Testament History.

1. Christ's Life:

In the New Testament we find that Jesus is pre-eminently the teacher, though He was also preacher and healer (Matthew 4:23). His Sermon on the Mount was matchless teaching. He opened His mouth and "taught" (Matthew 5:2). The titles "teacher," "master," "rabbi" all indicate the most prominent function of His active ministry. Even at the age of 12 years He revealed His wisdom and affinity in the midst of the rabbis or Jewish teachers of the Law in the temple (Luke 2:41 f). In the power of the Spirit He taught so that all recognized His authority (Luke 4:14, 15 Matthew 7:29). He explained to the disciples in private what He taught the people in public (Matthew 13:36). His principles and methods of teaching constitute the standard by which all true pedagogy is measured, and the ideal toward which all subsequent teachers have toiled with only partial success (Matthew 7:28, 29 John 1:49; John 3:2; John 6:46). In the Commission as recorded in Matthew 28:18, 19, 20 we have the work of Christianity presented in educational terms. We find the supreme authority (28:18), the comprehensive content-the evangelistic, the ceremonial, the educational, the practical (28:19 and 20a), and the inspiring promise (28:20b).

2. Apostolic Labors:

The emphasis laid upon teaching in the Apostolic age is a natural consequence of the need of the people and the commands of Jesus. The practice of the apostles is quite uniform. They preached or proclaimed, but they also expounded. In Jerusalem the converts continued in the apostles' teaching (Acts 2:42); and daily in the temple and in the homes of the people the teaching was correlated with preaching (Acts 5:42). In Antioch, the center of foreign missionary operations, Paul, Silas, Barnabas and many others taught the word of the Lord (Acts 15:35). In Thessalonica, Paul and Silas for three weeks reasoned with the people out of the Scriptures, opening up the sacred secrets and proving to all candid minds that Jesus was the Messiah (Acts 17:1-3). In Berea, instruction in the synagogue was followed by private study, and as a result many believed in the Lord (Acts 17:10-15). In Athens, Paul discussed and explained the things of the kingdom of God, both in the synagogue 3 times a week and in the market daily (Acts 17:16 f). In Corinth, Paul having been denied the use of the synagogue taught the word of the Lord for a year and a half in the house of Justus, and thus laid the foundation for a great church (Acts 18:1-11). In Ephesus, Paul taught for 2 years in the school of Tyrannus, disputing and persuading the people concerning the kingdom of God (Acts 19:8-10). In Rome, Paul expounded the word, testified to its truth, and persuaded men to accept the gospel (Acts 28:23). His method of work in Rome under trying limitations is described as cordially receiving the people and preaching the kingdom of God, and "teaching the things concerning the Lord Jesus Christ" (Acts 28:30, 31).

3. General Considerations:

The office of teacher is fundamentally related to the creation of a missionary atmosphere (Acts 13:1). Religious teaching is necessary to the development of Christian character and the highest efficiency in service (1 Corinthians 12:4-11, 28, 29 Ephesians 4:11, 12). The qualification of the pastor is vitally connected with the teaching function of the church. He is to hold the truth, or to be orthodox (Titus 1:9), to apply the truth, or to be practical (Titus 1:9), to study the truth, or to be informed (1 Timothy 4:13, 15), to teach the truth, or to be equipped or able and tactful (2 Timothy 2:2 1 Timothy 3:2), to live the truth, or to be faithful in all things (2 Timothy 2:2 1 Timothy 4:16). The teaching function of Christianity in the 2nd century became strictly official, thereby losing much of its elasticity. A popular manual for the guidance of religious teachers was styled the "Teaching of the Twelve" '(see DIDACHE). The writings of the Apostolic Fathers give valuable information in regard to the exercise of the gifts of teaching in the early centuries (Didache xiii0.2; xv. 1, 2; Barnabas 18; Ignatius to the Ephesians 31).


Byron H. Dement

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Teach.

2. (n.) The act or business of instructing; also, that which is taught; instruction.

Strong's Hebrew
3948. leqach -- a learning, teaching
... << 3947, 3948. leqach. 3949 >>. a learning, teaching. Transliteration: leqach
Phonetic Spelling: (leh'-kakh) Short Definition: teaching. ...
/hebrew/3948.htm - 6k

3925. lamad -- to exercise in, learn
... 1), instructors (1), learn (15), learned (5), really learn (1), skillful (1), taught
(15), teach (30), teachers (1), teaches (3), teaching (1), teaching and ...
/hebrew/3925.htm - 6k

4175. mowreh -- (early) rain
... early rain From yarah; an archer; also teacher or teaching; also the early rain
(see yowreh) -- (early) rain. see HEBREW yarah. see HEBREW yowreh. << 4174, 4175 ...
/hebrew/4175.htm - 5k

5017. nebuah -- a prophesying
... prophesying. (Aramaic) corresponding to nbuw'ah; inspired teaching -- prophesying.
see HEBREW nbuw'ah. << 5016, 5017. nebuah. 5018 >>. Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/5017.htm - 6k

3384. yarah -- to throw, shoot
... 1), points (1), rain (1), set (1), shoot (10), shot (3), shot through (1), showed
(1), taught (3), teach (27), teacher (2), teaches (2), teaching (1), throws (1 ...
/hebrew/3384.htm - 6k

8451. torah -- direction, instruction, law
... direction, instruction, law NASB Word Usage custom (1), instruction (10), instructions
(1), Law (1), law (188), laws (10), ruling (1), teaching (7), teachings ...
/hebrew/8451.htm - 6k



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