Strong's Hebrew: 3559. כּוּן (kun) -- to be firm
3559. kun
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Lexicon
kun: to be firm
Original Word: כּוּן
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: kun
Phonetic Spelling: (koon)
Short Definition: established

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
Definition
to be firm
NASB Translation
aim (1), appointed (1), carried (1), certain (2), certainty (1), confirm (2), confirmed (1), consider (1), could (1), counted (1), definitely (1), determined (1), direct (3), direct your right (1), directed (1), directs (1), establish (15), established (52), establishes (2), fashion (1), fashioned (1), firm (1), firmly established (3), formed (1), founds (1), full (1), get yourself ready (1), installed (1), made it ready (1), made preparations (1), made provision (1), made...preparations (1), made...ready (1), maintain his position (1), make preparation (1), make ready (2), make...sure (1), makes his sure (1), makes ready (1), making my firm (1), ordained (1), ordered (1), place (1), prepare (21), prepared (37), prepares (5), provide (1), provided (5), provides (1), ready (7), reliable (1), rested (1), rests (1), right (3), set (10), set the in order (1), steadfast (6), strengthen (1), took (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
I. [כּוּן]218 verb probably be firm, only in derived conjugation (Late Hebrew Aramaic כּוּן, in derived conjugation, כִּיוֵּן arrange, direct; put right, correct; Assyrian kânu, be firm, right DlHWB 321; Arabic (medial ) exist, occur, be; so Ethiopic Sabean כון DHMZMG 1875, 599, Phoenician כון be (often)); —

Niph`al Perfect (on 3 masculine singular see Participle below), 3 feminine singular נָכּ֫וֺנָה 1 Kings 2:46; 3plural נָכ֫וֺנוּ Proverbs 19:29; נָכֹּ֫נוּ Ezekiel 16:7; Imperfect יִכּוֺן Proverbs 12:3 +; 3 feminine singular תִּכּוֺן Jeremiah 30:20 +; וַתִּכֹּן 1 Kings 2:12; 2Chronicles 8:16, etc.; Imperative הִכּוֺן Amos 4:12; הִכֹּן Ezekiel 38:7; plural הכונוּ2Chronicles 35:4 Kt (Qr הָכִינוּ Hiph`il); Participle נָכוֺן Genesis 41:32 + (in Psalm 93:2 and perhaps elsewhere the Perfect would be possibly); construct נְכוֺן Proverbs 4:18; feminine נְכוֺנָה Psalm 5:10 2t.; plural נְכֹנִים Exodus 19:11 2t.; passive or neuter, and (less often) reflexive: —

1 be set up, established, fixed:

a. literally, of house upon (עַל) pillars Judges 16:26,29, so, in metaphor, of temple-mount, followed by בְּראֹשׁ Isaiah 2:2 = Micah 4:1; be firm, of breasts at puberty Ezekiel 16:7; firmly established, of תֵּבֵל Psalm 93:1 = Psalm 96:10 = 1 Chronicles 16:30; firm, i.e. a strong support, of ׳יs hand יָ דִי תִּכּוֺן עִמּוֺ Psalm 89:22 ("" זְרוֺעִי תְאַמְּצֶנּוּ).

b. figurative, of throne 2 Samuel 7:16 = 1 Chronicles 17:14; 1 Kings 2:45; Psalm 89:38; Psalm 93:2; Proverbs 16:12; Proverbs 25:5; Proverbs 29:14; of king, royal family, kingdom 1 Samuel 20:31; 1 Kings 2:12,46; 2 Samuel 7:26 1Chronicles 17:24.

c. of any persons, be established, stable, secure, enduring Job 21:8 (with לִפְנֵי), Proverbs 12:3, also Proverbs 12:19 (subject שְׂפַת אֱמֶת) Psalm 101:7 (with לְנֶגֶד עֵינָ֑י), Psalm 102:29 (with לְפָנֶיךָ), Psalm 140:12 (with בָּאָרֶץ); of plans Proverbs 16:3; Proverbs 20:18; נְכוֺן הַיּוֺם Proverbs 4:18 the established, stable, (part) of the day, i.e. mid-day, when the sun seems motionless in mid-heaven. — 2 Samuel 6:6 see נָכוֺן proper name below

d. fixed, securely determined הַדָּבָר מֵעִם ׳נ הָאֱלֹהִים ("" אֱמֶת) Genesis 41:32 (E); so כְּשַׁחַר נָכוֺן מֹצָאוֺ Hosea 6:3 ᵑ0, but read כְּשַׁחֲרֵנוּ כֵּן נִמְצָאֵהוּ GieBeiträge 208 Weon the passage; substantiated, certain, of an allegation Deuteronomy 13:15 = Deuteronomy 17:4; עַלנָֿכוֺן according to (what is) certain, = certainly, assuredly 1 Samuel 23:23; 1 Samuel 26:4 (see Dr).

2 in moral sense, be directed aright, of ways Proverbs 4:26; Psalm 119:5 (compare Hiph`il

3); be fixed aright, stedfast נָכוֺן לִבִּי Psalm 57:8 (twice in verse); Psalm 108:2, so Psalm 112:7; לִבָּם לֹא נָכוֺן עִמּוֺ Psalm 78:37; רוּחַ נָכוֺן Psalm 51:12 ("" לֵב טָהוֺר); לא נָכוֺן לעשׂות כן Exodus 8:22 (J) it is not right, proper, etc.; participle feminine נְכוֺנָה as substantive = what is right, the right Job 42:7,8; = uprightness Psalm 5:10.

3 prepare, be ready, person Amos 4:12 (with ל infinitive); words Proverbs 22:18; הִכֹּן וְהָכֵן לְךָ Ezekiel 38:7; 2Chronicles 35:4 Kt (Qr Hiph`il); participle as adjective = prepared, ready, often with הָוָה, of persons Exodus 19:11,15; Exodus 34:2; Joshua 8:4 (all J E); of things, followed by ל person Job 12:5; Nehemiah 8:10, ל location Job 18:12, ל noun active Psalm 38:18; ב location Job 15:23;

4 passive be prepared, of judgments Proverbs 19:29 (ל person); of work be arranged, settled2Chronicles 8:16; figurative of prayer Psalm 141:2 be arranged, set in order, as incense before thee (> present itself as incense); be arranged, ordered, of temple service 2 Chronicles 29:35; 35:10,16.

Hiph`il Perfect הֵכִין Joshua 4:4 +; suffix הֱכִינַנִי 1 Kings 2:24; הֱכִינוֺ 2 Samuel 5:12; 1 Chronicles 14:2; הֱכִינָהּ Job 28:27; 2masculine singular הֲכִינוֺתָ Job 11:13 +; 3 plural הֵכִינוּ 1 Chronicles 12:39 +; וְהֵכִינוּ consecutive Exodus 16:5; 1plural הֲכִינוֺנוּ 1 Chronicles 29:16; הֵכַנּוּ (Ges§ 72, R. 6) 2 Chronicles 29:16, etc.; Imperfect יָכִין Judges 12:6 +; וַיָּ֫כֶן 1 Chronicles 15:1 3t., etc.; Imperative הָכֵן Genesis 43:16 +; plural הָכִינוּ Joshua 1:11 +; Infinitive absolute הָכֵן Joshua 3:17, so הָכִין Joshua 4:3 (read הָכֵין, see Di), Jeremiah 10:23 (see Gie), Ezekiel 7:14 (see Sm Co and below; see on all Köi. 468); construct הָכִין Isaiah 9:6 +; suffix הֲכִינוֺ Nahum 2:4; Proverbs 8:27; הֲכִינָהּ Jeremiah 33:2; Participle מֵכִין Jeremiah 10:12 4t.; — (favourite word in Chronicles, in various applications)

1 establish, set up:

a. king (or, one as king) 2 Samuel 5:12; 1 Kings 2:24; 1 Chronicles 14:2, royal seed Psalm 89:5, kingdom 1 Samuel 13:13; 2 Samuel 7:12 = 1 Chronicles 17:11; 1 Chronicles 28:7; 2Chronicles 12:1; 17:5, throne 1 Chronicles 22:10; the world תֵּבֵל Jeremiah 10:12 = Jeremiah 51:15; mountains Psalm 65:7; heavens Proverbs 8:27; an altar upon (עַל) its base Ezra 3:3.

b. God's faithfulness Psalm 89:3; heart of humble Psalm 10:17.

c. = accomplish, do Jeremiah 33:2 ("" עשׂה), = make Isaiah 40:20; Job 28:27.

d. make firm, only infinitive absolute, as adverb = firmly הָכֵן Joshua 3:17; הָכִין Joshua 4:3 (see above)

2. a. fix, so as to be ready, make ready, prepare, a gift Genesis 43:25 (J), place Exodus 23:20 (JE), 2 Chronicles 3:1; with לְ of thing 1 Chronicles 15:1,3, also (object omitted) 1 Chronicles 15:12 (see Be, and DaSynt. § 144), 2 Chronicles 1:4 (בַּהֵכִין, see Ges§ 138. 3. b); often prepare food, accusative + לְ person Joshua 1:11 (D), Psalm 78:20; לְ omitted Proverbs 6:8; Proverbs 30:25; object omitted 1 Chronicles 12:39; 2Chronicles 35:14 (twice in verse); 2Chronicles 35:15; both omitted Genesis 43:16 (J), 1 Chronicles 9:32; prepare a road Deuteronomy 19:3, a sacrifice Zephaniah 1:7, ambuscades Jeremiah 51:12, one's work Proverbs 24:27, materials for (לְ) temple 1 Chronicles 22:3,14, also 1 Chronicles 22:14b (no לְ), 1 Chronicles 29:2,3; weapons (with לְ person) 2 Chronicles 26:14 and (hostile purpose) Psalm 7:14, compare Psalm 57:7, Isaiah 14:21 prepare slaughter-place for (לְ) his children; store-rooms 2 Chronicles 31:11 a, also 2 Chronicles 31:11 b (object omitted); gallows (with לְ person) Esther 6:4; Esther 7:10; corn (produce of land) Psalm 65:10; land Psalm 65:10, so (= restore) Psalm 68:11; with accusative of person 2Chronicles 35:6; figurative of belly preparing deceit Job 15:35; make preparation (for, לְ of thing) 1 Chronicles 22:5, and 1 Chronicles 22:5 (לְ omitted); followed by לִבְנוֺת 1 Chronicles 28:2, with accusative material + לִבְנוֺת 1 Kings 5:32; 1 Chronicles 29:16; without לְ, make ready 1 Samuel 23:22; Nahum 2:4; Ezekiel 7:14 (read הָכִינוּ הָכֵן Co, for הַכֹּל ׳ה MT) = make full preparation! make thee ready! Jeremiah 46:14 (לְ dativus ethicus [dative of interest]), Ezekiel 28:7 (id.), 2 Chronicles 35:4.

b. provide for, provide, furnish Numbers 23:1,29; Numbers 29:7; Joshua 4:4 (all J E), Job 27:16,17, food for (לְ) raven Job 39:41, rain for (לְ) earth Psalm 147:8; 1 Chronicles 29:19; 2Chron 2:6; Psalm 74:16.

3 direct one's face towards (אֶלֿ) Ezekiel 4:3,7; in moral and spiritual sense, direct one's step (צַעֲדוֺ) = order aright, Jeremiah 10:23 (see above), Proverbs 16:9, so (מְּעָמַי) Psalm 119:133; אֱלֹהָיו ׳הֵכִין דְּרָכָיו לִפְנֵי י2Chronicles 27:6, also (followed by דרכיו only) Proverbs 21:29 Kt (Qr יָבִין); עַל הַהֵכִין הָאֱלֹהִים לָעָם2Chronicles 29:36 that which God had ordered aright for the people (on article = relative pronoun see Ges§ 138. 3. b); followed by לֵב Job 11:13; Psalm 78:8; + לְ, ׳לֹא הֵכִין לִבּוֺ לִדְרוֺשׁ אֶתיֿ2Chronicles 12:14, so 2 Chronicles 19:3; 30:19; + ׳לִדְרוֺשׁ אֵתאתּוֺרַת י Ezra 7:10; הכין לבב ׳אֶלֿ 1 Samuel 7:3 direct the heart towards ׳י, 1 Chronicles 29:18 (׳י subject), so (with לֵאלֹהִים) 2 Chronicles 20:33; hence (no object expressed) = give attention, followed by infinitive Judges 12:6.

4 arrange, order2Chronicles 29:19 (of sacred vessels; + הִקְדַּשְׁנוּ), 2 Chronicles 35:20 (of temple).

Hoph`al Perfect הוּכַן Isaiah 30:33, וְהוּכַן consecutive Isaiah 16:5; Zechariah 5:11; וְהֻכַֿן Nahum 2:6; Participle מוּכָן Proverbs 21:31, plural מוּכָנִים Ezekiel 40:43; —

1 be established, of throne Isaiah 16:5; be fastened, of hooks Ezekiel 40:43.

2 be prepared for (לְ person) Isaiah 30:33 and (לְ temporal) Proverbs 21:31; absolute Nahum 2:6; be ready Zechariah 5:11.

Po`lel. Perfect3masculine singular כּוֺנֵן Psalm 9:8 3t., וְכוֺנֵן consecutive Habakkuk 2:12; suffix כּוֺנְַנָהּ Isaiah 45:18; 2masculine singular כּוֺנַנְתָּ Psalm 99:4; Psalm 119:90, כּוֺנָ֑נְתָּה Psalm 8:4, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular יְכוֺנֵן Isaiah 62:7; suffix וַיְכֹנְַנֶ֑ךָ Deuteronomy 32:6, יְכוֺנְַנֶהָ Psalm 24:2 +, suffix 1 plural וַיְכֻנֶנּוּ Job 31:15 (וַיְכוּנֶּנוּ van d. H); 2masculine singular תְּכוֺנֵן Psalm 7:10; Psalm 21:13, etc.; Imperative כּוֺנֵן Job 8:8 (but on text see infra), כּוֺנְַנָה Psalm 90:17, suffix כּוֺנְַנֵהוּ Psalm 90:17; — originally make firm; —

1 set up, establish:

a. of men, found, a city Habakkuk 2:12 ("" בנה), Psalm 107:36.

b. of God, establish, king's throne 2 Samuel 7:13 = 1 Chronicles 17:12, his own throne Psalm 9:8 (לְמִשְׁמָּט), sanctuary Exodus 15:7 (song), a nation Deuteronomy 32:6 (poem; "" קנה, עשׂה), a city Psalm 48:9; Psalm 87:5, תֵּבֵל Psalm 24:2 (with עַל, "" יָסַד), אֶרֶץ Psalm 119:90, compare Isaiah 45:18, also Psalm 68:10 (object omitted, read perhaps אֶרֶץ צִיָּה Bi Che), heavens Proverbs 3:19 ("" יָסַדאָֿ֑רֶץ), moon and stars Psalm 8:4; figurative, steps of men Psalm 40:3, work of men's hands Psalm 90:17 (twice in verse), justice Psalm 99:4; establish, i.e. vindicate and make secure to righteous (צַדִּיק) Psalm 7:10.

2 constitute, make, a man (in womb) Job 31:15 ("" עשׂה), compare Psalm 119:73 ("" id.); with accusative + לְ of thing + לְ person reflexive 2 Samuel 7:24 thou hast made for thyself (לְךָ), thy people (אֶתעַֿמְּךָ) Israel for thyself (לְךָ) into a people (לְעָם) for ever.

3 fix, so as to be ready, arrow upon (עַל) string Psalm 11:2, so (חֵץ omitted) Psalm 21:13 (with עַלמְּֿנֵיהֶם), and possibly (חֵץ omitted) Isaiah 51:13 (Di Che and others; but dubious, compare Du; verse corrupt according to CheIntr. Is. 427), a bow Psalm 7:13.

4 direct (that is לֵב), followed by לְחֵקֶר Job 8:8, i.e. give attention to (but no "" in Po`lel; read perhaps בּוֺנֵן, compare Deuteronomy 32:10, see Ol Di).

Po`lal. Perfect be established: ׳מי מִצְעֲדֵיגֶֿבֶר כּוֺנָ֑נוּ Psalm 37:23 from ׳י are a man's steps established; = be prepared כּוֺנָנ֑וּ Ezekiel 28:13 but strike out Co Da after A B ᵑ6 and others

Hithpo`el. Imperfect; be established, of house, 3 masculine singular יִתְכּוֺנָ֑ן Proverbs 24:3 ("" יִבָּנֶה), of nation, 2 feminine singular תִּכּוֺנָ֑נִי (Ges§ 54. 2. b) Isaiah 54:14; 3feminine singular תִּכּוֺנֵן = be restored, of city Numbers 21:27 (J E; "" תִּבָּנֶה); set oneself, take one's stand3masculine plural יִכּוֺנָ֑נוּ Psalm 59:5.



Strong's
certainty, confirm, direct, faithfulness, fashion, fasten, firm, be fitted,

A primitive root; properly, to be erect (i.e. Stand perpendicular); hence (causatively) to set up, in a great variety of applications, whether literal (establish, fix, prepare, apply), or figurative (appoint, render sure, proper or prosperous) -- certain(-ty), confirm, direct, faithfulness, fashion, fasten, firm, be fitted, be fixed, frame, be meet, ordain, order, perfect, (make) preparation, prepare (self), provide, make provision, (be, make) ready, right, set (aright, fast, forth), be stable, (e-)stablish, stand, tarry, X very deed.

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