Smith's Bible DictionaryLime
the substance obtained form limestone, shells, etc., by heat. It is noticed only three times in the Bible, viz., in (27:2) (Authorized Version "plaster"), (Isaiah 33:12) and Amos 2:1
International Standard Bible EncyclopediaLIME
(1) sidh; compare Arabic shad, "to plaster";
(2) gir; compare Arabic jir, "gypsum" or "quick-lime";
Sidh is translated "lime" in Isaiah 33:12, "And the peoples shall be as the burnings of lime, as thorns cut down, that are burned in the fire," and in Amos 2:1, "He burned the bones of the king of Edom into lime." It is translated "plaster" in Deuteronomy 27:2, "Thou shalt set thee up great stones, and plaster them with plaster," also in Deuteronomy 27:4. Gir is translated "plaster" in Daniel 5:5, "wrote.... upon the plaster of the wall." In Isaiah 27:9 we have, "He maketh all the stones of the altar as chalkstones" ('abhene-ghir).
Everywhere in Palestine limestone is at hand which can be converted into lime. The lime-kiln is a thick-walled, cylindrical or conical, roofless structure built of rough stones without mortar, the spaces between the stones being plastered with clay. It is usually built on the side of a hill which is slightly excavated for it, so that the sloping, external wall of the kiln rises much higher from the ground on the lower side than on the upper. The builders leave a passage or tunnel through the base of the thick wall on the lower side. The whole interior is filled with carefully packed fragments of limestone, and large piles of thorny-burner and other shrubs to serve as fuel are gathered about the kiln. The fuel is introduced through the tunnel to the base of the limestone in the kiln, and as the fire rises through the mass of broken limestone a strong draft is created. Relays of men are kept busy supplying fuel day and night. By day a column of black smoke rises from the kiln, and at night the flames may be seen bursting from the top. Several days are required to reduce the stone to lime, the amount of time depending upon the size of the kiln and upon the nature of the fuel. At the present day, mineral coal imported from Europe is sometimes employed, and requires much less time than the shrubs which are ordinarily used.
See CHALKSTONE; CLAY.
Alfred Ely Day
Easton's Bible Dictionary
The Hebrew word so rendered means "boiling" or "effervescing." From Isaiah 33:12
it appears that lime was made in a kiln lighted by thorn-bushes. In Amos 2:1
it is recorded that the king of Moab "burned the bones of the king of Edom into lime." The same Hebrew word is used in Deuteronomy 27:2
-4, and is there rendered "plaster." Limestone is the chief constituent of the mountains of Syria.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
) A thong by which a dog is led; a leash.
2. (n.) The linden tree. See Linden.
3. (n.) A fruit allied to the lemon, but much smaller; also, the tree which bears it. There are two kinds; Citrus Medica, var. acida which is intensely sour, and the sweet lime (C. Medica, var. Limetta) which is only slightly sour.
4. (n.) Birdlime.
5. (n.) Oxide of calcium; the white or gray, caustic substance, usually called quicklime, obtained by calcining limestone or shells, the heat driving off carbon dioxide and leaving lime. It develops great heat when treated with water, forming slacked lime, and is an essential ingredient of cement, plastering, mortar, etc.
6. (v. t.) To smear with a viscous substance, as birdlime.
7. (v. t.) To entangle; to ensnare.
8. (v. t.) To treat with lime, or oxide or hydrate of calcium; to manure with lime; as, to lime hides for removing the hair; to lime sails in order to whiten them.
9. (v. t.) To cement.
Strong's Hebrew7875. sid -- lime, whitewash...
<< 7874, 7875. sid. 7876 >>. lime
, whitewash. Transliteration: sid Phonetic
Spelling: (seed) Short Definition: lime
. Word Origin from ... /hebrew/7875.htm - 6k
1615. gir -- chalk, lime
... chalk, lime. Transliteration: gir Phonetic Spelling: (gheer) Short Definition: chalk. ...
Perhaps from kuwr; lime (from being burned in a kiln) -- chalk(-stone). ...
/hebrew/1615.htm - 6k
4955. misraphah -- a burning
... burning. From saraph; combustion, ie Cremation (of a corpse), or calcination (of
lime) -- burning. see HEBREW saraph. << 4954, 4955. misraphah. 4956 >>. ...
/hebrew/4955.htm - 6k
2902. tuach -- to overspread, overlay, coat, besmear
... daub, overlay, plaster, smut. A primitive root; to smear, especially with lime --
daub, overlay, plaister, smut. << 2901, 2902. tuach. 2903 >>. Strong's Numbers
/hebrew/2902.htm - 6k
1528. gir -- chalk, plaster
... plaster (1). plaster. (Aramaic) corresponding to gir; lime -- plaster. see
HEBREW gir. << 1527, 1528. gir. 1529 >>. Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/1528.htm - 6k