Smith's Bible DictionaryPaint
(as a cosmetic). The use of cosmetic dyes has prevailed in all ages in eastern countries. We have abundant evidence of the practice of painting the eyes both in ancient Egypt and in Assyria; and in modern times no usage is more general. It does not appear, however, to have been by any means universal among the Hebrews. The notices of it are few; and in each instance it seems to have been used as a meretricious art, unworthy of a woman of high character. The Bible gives no indication of the substance out of which the dye was formed. The old versions agree in pronouncing the dye to have been produced from antimony. Antimony is still used for the purpose in Arabia and in Persia, but in Egypt the kohl is a root produced by burning either a kind of frankincense or the shells of almonds. The dye-stuff was moistened with oil and kept in a small jar. Whether the custom of staining the hands and feet, particularly the nails, now so prevalent in the past, was known to the Hebrews is doubtful. Painting as an art was not cultivated by the Hebrews, but they decorated their buildings with paint.
International Standard Bible EncyclopediaPAINT
pant (from Old French peinctre, frequentative of peindre, Latin pingo, "to paint"):
(1) From Hebrew verb mashach, "to smear," "to anoint," "to paint," describing the painting of interiors with vermilion, perhaps resembling lacquer: "ceiled with cedar, and painted with vermilion" (Jeremiah 22:14). The shields of the Ninevite soldiers were red, presumably painted (Nahum 2:3).
(2) From noun pukh, "paint," "antimon," "stibium," "black mineral powder" used as a cosmetic, to lend artificial size and fancied beauty to the eye, always spoken of as a meretricious device, indicating light or unworthy character. Jezebel "painted her eyes, and attired her head" (2 Kings 9:30, literally, "put pukh into her eyes"). To the harlot city Jerusalem, Jeremiah (4:30) says, "deckest thee...., enlargest thine eyes with paint" (pukh). the King James Version renders "rentest thy face," as if the stain were a cut, or the enlarging done by violence.
(3) From verb kachal, "to smear," "to paint." Ezekiel says to Oholah-Oholibah (Judah-Israel), "didst wash thyself, paint (kachal) thine eyes," as the adulteress prepares herself for her paramour (Ezekiel 23:40). The antimony, in an extremely fine powder (Arabic kuchl, from kachal), is placed in the eye by means of a very fine rod, bodkin, or probe, drawn between the edges of the eyelids. This distends the eye, and also increases its apparent size, the effect being increased by a line of stain drawn from the corner, and by a similar line prolonging the eyebrow.
See EYEPAINT; COLOR.
Philip Wendell Crannell
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Jezebel "painted her face" (2 Kings 9:30
); and the practice of painting the face and the eyes seems to have been common (Jeremiah 4:30
; Ezek. 23:40
). An allusion to this practice is found in the name of Job's daughter (42:14
) Kerenhappuch (q.v.). Paintings in the modern sense of the word were unknown to the ancient Jews.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (v. t.
) To cover with coloring matter; to apply paint to; as, to paint a house, a signboard, etc.
2. (v. t.) Fig.: To color, stain, or tinge; to adorn or beautify with colors; to diversify with colors.
3. (v. t.) To form in colors a figure or likeness of on a flat surface, as upon canvas; to represent by means of colors or hues; to exhibit in a tinted image; to portray with paints; as, to paint a portrait or a landscape.
4. (v. t.) Fig.: To represent or exhibit to the mind; to describe vividly; to delineate; to image; to depict.
5. (v. t.) To practice the art of painting; as, the artist paints well.
6. (v. t.) To color one's face by way of beautifying it.
7. (n.) A pigment or coloring substance.
8. (n.) The same prepared with a vehicle, as oil, water with gum, or the like, for application to a surface.
9. (n.) A cosmetic; rouge.
Strong's Hebrew3583. kachal -- to paint...
kachal. 3584 >>. to paint
. Transliteration: kachal Phonetic Spelling: (kaw-khal')
Short Definition: painted. ...
root Definition to paint
NASB Word Usage painted (1) ... /hebrew/3583.htm - 5k
4886. mashach -- to smear, anoint
... anoint, paint. A primitive root; to rub with oil, ie To anoint; by implication,
to consecrate; also to paint -- anoint, paint. << 4885, 4886. mashach. 4887 >>. ...
/hebrew/4886.htm - 6k
6320. puk -- antimony, stibium
... Word Origin perhaps of foreign origin Definition antimony, stibium NASB Word Usage
antimony (2), paint (1), painted* (1). fair colors, glistering, painted. ...
/hebrew/6320.htm - 6k
7167. qara -- to tear
... A primitive root; to rend, literally or figuratively (revile, paint the eyes, as
if enlarging them) -- cut out, rend, X surely, tear. << 7166, 7167. ...
/hebrew/7167.htm - 6k
7760. sum -- to put, place, set
... disguise, dispose, do, get, give, heap up, hold, impute, lay (down, up), leave,
look, make (out), mark, + name, X on, ordain, order, + paint, place, preserve ...
/hebrew/7760.htm - 7k