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Body (562 Occurrences)

Matthew 1:20 But when he was giving thought to these things, an angel of the Lord came to him in a dream, saying, Joseph, son of David, have no fear of taking Mary as your wife; because that which is in her body is of the Holy Spirit. (BBE)

Matthew 5:29 If your right eye causes you to stumble, pluck it out and throw it away from you. For it is more profitable for you that one of your members should perish, than for your whole body to be cast into Gehenna. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 5:30 If your right hand causes you to stumble, cut it off, and throw it away from you. For it is more profitable for you that one of your members should perish, than for your whole body to be cast into Gehenna. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 5:40 and to him that would go to law with thee and take thy body coat, leave him thy cloak also. (DBY)

Matthew 6:22 "The lamp of the body is the eye. If therefore your eye is sound, your whole body will be full of light. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 6:23 But if your eye is evil, your whole body will be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in you is darkness, how great is the darkness! (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 6:25 Therefore, I tell you, don't be anxious for your life: what you will eat, or what you will drink; nor yet for your body, what you will wear. Isn't life more than food, and the body more than clothing? (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 8:6 Saying, Lord, my servant is ill in bed at the house, with no power in his body, and in great pain. (BBE)

Matthew 10:10 nor scrip for the way, nor two body coats, nor sandals, nor a staff: for the workman is worthy of his nourishment. (DBY)

Matthew 10:28 Don't be afraid of those who kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul. Rather, fear him who is able to destroy both soul and body in Gehenna. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 14:12 His disciples came, and took the body, and buried it; and they went and told Jesus. (WEB KJV WEY BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 15:17 Don't you understand that whatever goes into the mouth passes into the belly, and then out of the body? (WEB WEY NIV)

Matthew 15:30 And there came to him great numbers of people having with them those who were broken in body, or blind, or without voice, or wounded, or ill in any way, and a number of others; they put them down at his feet and he made them well: (BBE)

Matthew 21:14 And the blind and the broken in body came to him in the Temple, and he made them well. (BBE)

Matthew 24:28 Wherever the dead body is, there will the vultures flock together. (WEY BBE RSV)

Matthew 26:12 For in pouring this ointment on my body, she did it to prepare me for burial. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 26:26 As they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks for it, and broke it. He gave to the disciples, and said, "Take, eat; this is my body." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 26:41 Keep awake, and pray that you may not enter into temptation: the spirit is right willing, but the body is frail." (WEY NIV)

Matthew 27:58 This man went to Pilate, and asked for Jesus' body. Then Pilate commanded the body to be given up. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 27:59 Joseph took the body, and wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 27:62 On the next day, the day after the Preparation, the High Priests and the Pharisees came in a body to Pilate. (WEY)

Matthew 27:64 So give orders for the sepulchre to be securely guarded till the third day, for fear his disciples should come by night and steal the body, and then tell the people that he has come back to life; and so the last imposture will be more serious than the first." (WEY BBE NIV)

Matthew 27:66 So they went, and made safe the place where his body was, putting a stamp on the stone, and the watchmen were with them. (BBE)

Matthew 28:1 Now late on the Sabbath, when the dawn of the first day of the week was near, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the place where his body was. (BBE)

Matthew 28:13 telling them to say, "His disciples came during the night and stole his body while we were asleep." (WEY)

Mark 5:29 Immediately the flow of her blood was dried up, and she felt in her body that she was healed of her affliction. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Mark 6:29 When John's disciples heard of it, they came and took away his body and laid it in a tomb. (WEY BBE DBY NAS RSV NIV)

Mark 7:1 Then the Pharisees, with certain Scribes who had come from Jerusalem, came to Him in a body. (WEY)

Mark 7:19 because it doesn't go into his heart, but into his stomach, then into the latrine, thus purifying all foods?" (See NIV)

Mark 12:8 "So they took him and killed him, and flung his body outside the vineyard. (WEY BBE)

Mark 14:8 She has done what she could. She has anointed my body beforehand for the burying. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Mark 14:22 As they were eating, Jesus took bread, and when he had blessed, he broke it, and gave to them, and said, "Take, eat. This is my body." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Mark 14:38 Be wakeful, all of you, and keep on praying, that you may not come into temptation: the spirit is right willing, but the body is frail." (WEY NIV)

Mark 14:51 A certain young man followed him, having a linen cloth thrown around himself, over his naked body. The young men grabbed him, (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Mark 15:43 Joseph of Arimathaea, a prominent council member who also himself was looking for the Kingdom of God, came. He boldly went in to Pilate, and asked for Jesus' body. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Mark 15:45 When he found out from the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph. (WEB KJV WEY BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Mark 15:46 He bought a linen cloth, and taking him down, wound him in the linen cloth, and laid him in a tomb which had been cut out of a rock. He rolled a stone against the door of the tomb. (See NIV)

Mark 16:1 When the Sabbath was over, Mary of Magdala, Mary the mother of James, and Salome, bought spices, in order to come and anoint His body. (WEY NIV)

Mark 16:2 And very early after dawn on the first day of the week, they came at the time of the coming up of the sun to the place where the body had been put. (BBE)

Luke 1:42 and uttered a loud cry of joy. "Blest among women are you," she said, "and the offspring of your body is blest! (WEY BBE)

Luke 1:44 For, truly, when the sound of your voice came to my ears, the baby in my body made a sudden move for joy. (BBE)

Luke 11:27 And it came about that when he said these things, a certain woman among the people said in a loud voice, Happy is the body which gave you birth, and the breasts from which you took milk. (BBE)

Luke 11:34 The lamp of the body is the eye. Therefore when your eye is good, your whole body is also full of light; but when it is evil, your body also is full of darkness. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 11:36 If therefore your whole body is full of light, having no part dark, it will be wholly full of light, as when the lamp with its bright shining gives you light." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 12:4 "I tell you, my friends, don't be afraid of those who kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 12:5 But I will warn you whom you should fear. Fear him, who after he has killed, has power to cast into Gehenna. Yes, I tell you, fear him. (See NIV)

Luke 12:22 He said to his disciples, "Therefore I tell you, don't be anxious for your life, what you will eat, nor yet for your body, what you will wear. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 12:23 Life is more than food, and the body is more than clothing. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 14:13 But when you give a feast, send for the poor and the blind and those who are broken in body: (BBE)

Luke 17:37 They, answering, asked him, "Where, Lord?" He said to them, "Where the body is, there will the vultures also be gathered together." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 22:19 He took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and gave to them, saying, "This is my body which is given for you. Do this in memory of me." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 22:66 As soon as it was day, the whole body of the Elders, both High Priests and Scribes, assembled. Then He was brought into their Sanhedrin, and they asked Him, (WEY)

Luke 23:1 The whole company of them rose up and brought him before Pilate. (See NAS)

Luke 23:52 this man went to Pilate, and asked for Jesus' body. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 23:53 And he took it down, and folding it in a linen cloth, he put it in a place cut in the rock for a dead body; and no one had ever been put in it. (BBE)

Luke 23:55 The women, who had come with him out of Galilee, followed after, and saw the tomb, and how his body was laid. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 24:1 But on the first day of the week, at dawn, they came to the place where his body had been put, taking the spices which they had got ready. (BBE)

Luke 24:3 They entered in, and didn't find the Lord Jesus' body. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 24:12 But Peter got up and went to the place where the body had been put, and looking in he saw nothing but the linen cloths, and he went to his house full of wonder at what had taken place. (BBE)

Luke 24:22 And certain women among us gave us cause for wonder, for they went early to the place where his body had been put, (BBE)

Luke 24:23 and when they didn't find his body, they came saying that they had also seen a vision of angels, who said that he was alive. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

John 2:21 But he spoke of the temple of his body. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

John 3:4 Nicodemus said to him, How is it possible for a man to be given birth when he is old? Is he able to go into his mother's body a second time and come to birth again? (BBE)

John 7:23 If a boy receives circumcision on the Sabbath, that the law of Moses may not be broken, are you angry with me, because I made a man completely healthy on the Sabbath? (See RSV)

John 7:38 He who has faith in me, out of his body, as the Writings have said, will come rivers of living water. (BBE)

John 11:39 Jesus saith, Take ye away the stone. Martha, the sister of him that was dead, saith unto him, Lord, by this time the body decayeth; for he hath been 'dead' four days. (ASV BBE WBS)

John 11:52 and not for the nation only, but in order to unite into one body all the far-scattered children of God. (WEY BBE)

John 13:10 Jesus said to him, "Someone who has bathed only needs to have his feet washed, but is completely clean. You are clean, but not all of you." (See NIV)

John 19:38 After these things, Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, asked of Pilate that he might take away Jesus' body. Pilate gave him permission. He came therefore and took away his body. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

John 19:40 So they took Jesus' body, and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as the custom of the Jews is to bury. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

John 20:12 and she saw two angels in white sitting, one at the head, and one at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Acts 1:18 Now this man obtained a field with the reward for his wickedness, and falling headlong, his body burst open, and all his intestines gushed out. (WEB WEY NIV)

Acts 2:26 For this reason my heart is glad and my tongue exults. My body also shall rest in hope. (WEY NIV)

Acts 2:30 Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that of the fruit of his body, according to the flesh, he would raise up the Christ to sit on his throne, (WEB BBE)

Acts 2:31 with prophetic foresight he spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, to the effect that He was not left forsaken in the Unseen World, nor did His body undergo decay. (WEY BBE NIV)

Acts 4:10 be it known to you all, and to all the people of Israel, that in the name of Jesus Christ the Nazaraean, whom ye have crucified, whom God has raised from among the dead, by him this man stands here before you sound in body. (DBY)

Acts 5:6 The younger men, however, rose, and wrapping the body up, carried it out and buried it. (WEY BBE NIV)

Acts 5:9 But Peter said to her, Why have you made an agreement together to be false to the Spirit of the Lord? See, the feet of the young men who have put the body of your husband in the earth, are at the door, and they will take you out. (BBE)

Acts 5:36 For before these days Theudas rose up, making himself out to be somebody; to whom a number of men, about four hundred, joined themselves: who was slain; and all, as many as obeyed him, were dispersed, and came to nothing. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Acts 6:2 So the Twelve called together the general body of the disciples and said, "It does not seem fitting that we Apostles should neglect the delivery of God's Message and minister at tables. (WEY RSV)

Acts 7:57 Upon this, with a loud outcry they stopped their ears, rushed upon Stephen in a body, (WEY)

Acts 8:2 And God-fearing men put Stephen's body in its last resting-place, making great weeping over him. (BBE)

Acts 8:7 For unclean spirits came out from those who had them, crying with a loud voice; and a number of those who were ill and broken in body were made well. (BBE)

Acts 9:37 But, as it happened, just at that time she was taken ill and died. After washing her body they laid it out in a room upstairs. (WEY NAS NIV)

Acts 9:40 Peter put them all out, and kneeled down and prayed. Turning to the body, he said, "Tabitha, get up!" She opened her eyes, and when she saw Peter, she sat up. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Acts 12:20 Now Herod was very angry with the people of Tyre and Sidon. They came with one accord to him, and, having made Blastus, the king's personal aide, their friend, they asked for peace, because their country depended on the king's country for food. (See RSV)

Acts 13:36 Now David, having done God's work for his generation, went to sleep, and was put with his fathers, and his body came to destruction: (BBE NIV)

Acts 15:20 But that we give them orders to keep themselves from things offered to false gods, and from the evil desires of the body, and from the flesh of animals put to death in ways against the law, and from blood. (BBE)

Acts 15:29 To keep from things offered to false gods, and from blood, and from things put to death in ways which are against the law, and from the evil desires of the body; if you keep yourselves from these, you will do well. May you be happy. (BBE)

Acts 19:12 so that even handkerchiefs or aprons were carried away from his body to the sick, and the evil spirits went out. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Acts 21:25 But as to the Gentiles who have the faith, we sent a letter, giving our decision that they were to keep themselves from offerings made to false gods, and from blood, and from the flesh of animals put to death in ways against the law, and from the evil desires of the body. (BBE)

Acts 23:27 This man was taken by the Jews, and would have been killed by them: then I came with a body of soldiers, and rescued him, having understood that he was a Roman. (WBS)

Romans 4:19 Without being weakened in faith, he didn't consider his own body, already having been worn out, (he being about a hundred years old), and the deadness of Sarah's womb. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 6:6 knowing this, that our old man was crucified with him, that the body of sin might be done away with, so that we would no longer be in bondage to sin. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 6:12 Therefore don't let sin reign in your mortal body, that you should obey it in its lusts. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Romans 6:13 And do not give your bodies to sin as the instruments of wrongdoing, but give yourselves to God, as those who are living from the dead, and your bodies as instruments of righteousness to God. (See NAS NIV)

Romans 6:19 I am using words in the way of men, because your flesh is feeble: as you gave your bodies as servants to what is unclean, and to evil to do evil, so now give them as servants to righteousness to do what is holy. (See NIV)

Romans 7:4 Therefore, my brothers, you also were made dead to the law through the body of Christ, that you would be joined to another, to him who was raised from the dead, that we might bring forth fruit to God. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 7:5 For when we were in the flesh, the evil passions which came into being through the law were working in our bodies to give the fruit of death. (See NAS)

Romans 7:23 but I discover within me a different Law at war with the Law of my understanding, and leading me captive to the Law which is everywhere at work in my body--the Law of sin. (WEY BBE NAS NIV)


Body (562 Occurrences)
... usually as united by some common tie, or as organized for some purpose; a collective
whole or totality; a corporation; as, a legislative body; a clerical body. ...
/b/body.htm - 59k

Body-guard (23 Occurrences)
Body-guard. << Bodyguard, Body-guard. Body's >>. Int. Standard Bible
Encyclopedia BODY-GUARD. bod'-i-gard: The expression occurs ...
/b/body-guard.htm - 14k

Body-covers (25 Occurrences)
Body-covers. << Body-cover, Body-covers. Bodyguard >>. Multi-Version
Concordance Body-covers (25 Occurrences). 2 Samuel 8 ...
/b/body-covers.htm - 14k

Body-cover (11 Occurrences)
Body-cover. << Body-coats, Body-cover. Body-covers >>. Multi-Version Concordance
Body-cover (11 Occurrences). Judges 5:8 They had no ...
/b/body-cover.htm - 10k

Body's (3 Occurrences)
... Multi-Version Concordance Body's (3 Occurrences). Colossians 1:24 Now I
rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, and fill up on my ...
/b/body&#39;s.htm - 7k

Body-coats (4 Occurrences)
Body-coats. << Body-coat, Body-coats. Body-cover >>. Multi-Version Concordance
Body-coats (4 Occurrences). Mark 6:9 but be shod with ...
/b/body-coats.htm - 7k

Body-coat (2 Occurrences)
Body-coat. << Body-armour, Body-coat. Body-coats >>. Multi-Version Concordance
Body-coat (2 Occurrences). Luke 6:29 To him that smites ...
/b/body-coat.htm - 7k

Body-armour (1 Occurrence)
Body-armour. << Body, Body-armour. Body-coat >>. Multi-Version Concordance
Body-armour (1 Occurrence). Revelation 9:17 And this was the ...
/b/body-armour.htm - 6k

Body-servant (1 Occurrence)
Body-servant. << Body's, Body-servant. Bog >>. Multi-Version Concordance
Body-servant (1 Occurrence). Judges 9:54 Then quickly ...
/b/body-servant.htm - 6k

Busy-body (1 Occurrence)
Busy-body. << Busybody, Busy-body. But >>. Multi-Version Concordance
Busy-body (1 Occurrence). 1 Peter 4:15 But let none ...
/b/busy-body.htm - 6k

4954. sussomos -- of the same body
... of the same body. Part of Speech: Adjective Transliteration: sussomos Phonetic Spelling:
(soos'-so-mos) Short Definition: belonging to the same body Definition ...
/greek/4954.htm - 7k

4983. soma -- a body
... a body. Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: soma Phonetic Spelling:
(so'-mah) Short Definition: body, flesh Definition: body, flesh; the body of the ...
/greek/4983.htm - 7k

5559. chros -- the surface of the body, skin
... the surface of the body, skin. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration:
chros Phonetic Spelling: (khroce) Short Definition: the skin Definition: the skin ...
/greek/5559.htm - 6k

2966. kolon -- a limb (of the body)
... a limb (of the body). Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: kolon Phonetic
Spelling: (ko'-lon) Short Definition: a limb, bodies Definition: a limb ...
/greek/2966.htm - 6k

4636. skenos -- a tent, fig. for the body
... for the body. Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: skenos Phonetic Spelling:
(skay'-nos) Short Definition: a tent Definition: a tent, tabernacle; fig ...
/greek/4636.htm - 6k

4244. presbuterion -- a body of elders
... a body of elders. Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: presbuterion Phonetic
Spelling: (pres-boo-ter'-ee-on) Short Definition: an assembly of elders ...
/greek/4244.htm - 7k

3196. melos -- a member or limb (of the body)
... a member or limb (of the body). Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: melos
Phonetic Spelling: (mel'-os) Short Definition: a limb, member Definition: a ...
/greek/3196.htm - 7k

4505. rhume -- the rush (of a moving body), hence a (crowded) ...
... the rush (of a moving body), hence a (crowded) street. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine
Transliteration: rhume Phonetic Spelling: (hroo'-may) Short Definition: a ...
/greek/4505.htm - 6k

4984. somatikos -- of the body
... of the body. Part of Speech: Adjective Transliteration: somatikos Phonetic Spelling:
(so-mat-ee-kos') Short Definition: bodily, corporeal Definition: bodily ...
/greek/4984.htm - 6k

4733. stereoma -- a solid body, a support, strength, firmness
... a solid body, a support, strength, firmness. Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter
Transliteration: stereoma Phonetic Spelling: (ster-eh'-o-mah) Short Definition ...
/greek/4733.htm - 6k

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia



Generally speaking, the Old Testament language employs no fixed term for the human body as an entire organism in exact opposition to "soul" or "spirit." Various terms were employed, each of which denotes only one part or element of the physical nature, such as "trunk," "bones," "belly," "bowels," "reins," "flesh," these parts being used, by synecdoche, for the whole: etsem = "bone," or "skeleton," hence, "body," is found in Exodus 24:10 the King James Version; Lamentations 4:7; nephesh = "living organism" (Leviticus 21:11 Numbers 6:6, 7, 11; Numbers 19:11, 13, 16 Haggai 2:13); nebhelah = "a flabby thing," "carcass" (Deuteronomy 21:23 Isaiah 26:19 Jeremiah 26:23; Jeremiah 36:30); beTen = "womb" (Deuteronomy 28:4, 11, 18, 53; Deuteronomy 30:9 Job 19:17 the King James Version; Psalm 132:11 Micah 6:7); yarekh = "thigh," "generative parts," "body" (Judges 8:30); gewiyah = "a body, whether alive or dead" (1 Samuel 31:10, 12 2 Kings 8:5 the King James Version; Daniel 10:6); me`im, "body" (Songs 5:14); guphah = "corpse" (1 Chronicles 10:12); gewah = "the back," i.e. (by extension) "person" (Job 20:25); she'er = "flesh, as living or for food," "body" (Ezekiel 10:12); geshem = "a hard shower of rain" hence, "a body" (Daniel 4:33; Daniel 5:21; Daniel 7:11); nidhneh = "a sheath," hence, the receptacle of the soul, "body" (Daniel 7:15).

The Greek word which is used almost exclusively for "body" in the New Testament is soma, Latin corpus (Matthew 5:29, 30; Matthew 6:22, 23, 25; 26:26 John 2:21; Acts 9:40 1 Corinthians 15:35, 37, 38, 44 Ephesians 1:23; Ephesians 2:16; Ephesians 4:4, 12, 16; 5:23, 30). chros, signifying primarily the "surface" or "skin," occurs in Acts 19:12. A compound word with soma, as its base, sussomos = "a member of the same body," occurs in Ephesians 3:6. From the above, it appears that the New Testament places the body as a whole into opposition to the spirit or the invisible nature. Paul, of course, employs the term also to designate the sublimated substance with which we are to be clothed after the resurrection when he speaks of the "spiritual body" (1 Corinthians 15:44).

Frank E. Hirsch


1. In the Old Testament:

soma, Latin corpus: The term "body" is not found in the Hebrew of the Old Testament in the sense in which it occurs in the Greek "The Hebrew word for `body' is gewiyah, which is sometimes used for the `living' body (Ezekiel 1:11), `bodies of the cherubim' (Genesis 47:18 Nehemiah 9:37), but usually for the dead body or carcass. Properly speaking the Hebrew has no term for `body.' The Hebrew term around which questions relating to the body must gather is flesh" (Davidson, Old Testament Theology, 188). Various terms are used in the Old Testament to indicate certain elements or component parts of the body, such as "flesh," "bones," "bowels," "belly," etc., some of which have received a new meaning in the New Testament. Thus the Old Testament "belly" (Hebrew beTen, Greek koilia), "Our soul is bowed down to the dust; our belly cleaveth unto the earth" (Psalm 44:25 the King James Version)-as the seat of carnal appetite-has its counterpart in the New Testament: "They serve. their own belly" (Romans 16:18). So also the word translated "bowels" (meim, rachamim) in the sense of compassion, as in Jeremiah 31:20, King James Version: "Therefore my bowels are troubled for him," is found in more than one place in the New Testament. Thus in Philippians 1:8 the King James Version, "I long after you all in the bowels (splagchna) of Christ," and again, "if there be any bowels (splagchna) and mercies" (Philippians 2:1 the King James Version).

2. In the New Testament:

"Body" in the New Testament is largely used in a figurative sense, either as indicating the "whole man" (Romans 6:12 Hebrews 10:5), or as that which is morally corrupt-"the body of this death" (Romans 6:6; Romans 7:24). Hence, the expression, "buffet my body" (1 Corinthians 9:27, hupopiazo, a word adopted from the prize-ring, palaestra), the body being considered as the lurking-place and instrument of evil. (Compare Romans 8:13 the King James Version "Mortify the deeds of the body.")

3. Other Meanings:

Between these two the various other meanings seem to range. On the one hand we find the church called "the body of Christ" (Ephesians 4:16 1 Corinthians 12:13), with diversity of gifts, enjoying the "unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace." On the other we read of a spiritual, incorruptible body, a resurrection-body as opposed to the natural body, which is doomed to corruption in death (1 Corinthians 15:44). Not only do we find these meanings in the word itself, but also in some of its combinations. On the one hand we read in Ephesians 3:6 of the Gentiles as "partakers of the promise in Christ" as "fellow-heirs," and "of the same body" (sussoma) in corporate union with all who put their trust in the Redeemer of mankind; on the other, we read of mere "bodily (somatic) exercises," which are not profitable. (1 Timothy 4:8)-where "body" evidently is contrasted with "spirit." And again, we read of the Holy Ghost descending in "bodily" (somatic) shape upon the "Son of God" (Luke 3:22), in whom dwelt the "fullness of the Godhead bodily" (somatically) (Colossians 2:9). So, too, the "body" is called a temple of the Holy Ghost: "Know ye not that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit?" (1 Corinthians 6:19).

4. The Body and Sin:

From all this it is apparent that the body in itself is not necessarily evil, a doctrine which is taught in Greek philosophy, but nowhere in the Old Testament and New Testament. The rigid and harsh dualism met with in Plato is absent from Paul's writings, and is utterly foreign to the whole of Scripture. Here we are distinctly taught, on the one hand, that the body is subordinated to the soul, but on the other, with equal clearness, that the human body has a dignity, originally conferred upon it by the Creator, who shaped it out of earth, and glorified it by the incarnation of Christ, the sinless One, though born of a woman. Julius Muller has well said: "Paul denies the presence of evil in Christ, who was partaker of our fleshly nature (Galatians 4:4), and he recognizes it in spirits who are not partakers thereof (Ephesians 6:12 the King James Version, `spiritual wickedness in high places'). Is it not therefore in the highest degree probable that according to him evil does not necessarily pertain to man's sensuous nature, and that sarx (say body) denotes something different from this?" (The Christian Doctrine of Sin, I, 321, English edition). He further shows that the derivation of sin from sense is utterly irreconcilable with the central principle of the apostle's doctrine as to the perfect holiness of the Redeemer, and that "the doctrine of the future resurrection-even taking into account the distinction between the soma psuchikon and the soma pneumatikon (1 Corinthians 15:44)-is clearly at variance with the doctrine that sin springs from the corporal nature as its source" (318).

5. The First Sin:

The very first sin was spiritual in its origin-an act of rebellion against God-the will of the creature in opposition to the will of the Creator (Genesis 3). It was conceived in doubt-"Hath God said?"; it was born in desire-"The tree was good for food"; it was stimulated by a rebellious hankering after equality with God: "Ye shall be as God, knowing good and evil"; it was introduced from without, from the spiritual world, through the agency of a mysterious, supernatural being, employing "a beast of the field more subtle than any which Yahweh God had made." That the serpent in the Old Testament is not identified with Satan, and that the clearest utterance in pre-Christian times on the subject is to be found in the Book of The Wisdom of Solomon 2:24 ("by the envy of the devil death entered into the world"), may be true. That the narrative of the Fall is figurative or symbolical may also be granted. But the whole tendency of the early narrative is to connect the first human sin with a superhuman being, employing an agent known to man, and making that agent its representative in the "subtlety" of the great temptation as a prelude to the mighty fall. The New Testament is clear on this point (John 8:44; John 16:11 2 Corinthians 11:3 1 Timothy 2:14 Hebrews 2:14 Revelation 12:9). Great historic truths are imbedded in that narrative, whatever we may think of the form which that narrative has assumed. There can be no doubt that the oldest and truest traditions of the human race are to be found there. It is not denied that sin has desecrated the temple of the living God, which is the body. That body indeed has become defiled and polluted by sin. Paul recognizes "an abnormal development of the sensuous in fallen man, and regards sin as having in a special manner entrenched itself in the body, which becomes liable to death on this very account (Romans 6:23; Romans 7:24)" (Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, I, 761). But we may safely say that theory which connects sin with the physical body, and gives it a purely sensuous origin, is alien to the whole spirit and letter of revelation.

J. I. Marais


In the New Testament (soma, "the body" both of men and animals) the word has a rich figurative and spiritual use:

(1) the temporary home of the soul (2 Corinthians 5:6);

(2) "the temple of the Holy Spirit" (1 Corinthians 6:19);

(3) "temple" (John 2:21);

(4) "the old man," the flesh as the servant of sin or the sphere in which moral evil comes to outward expression (Romans 6:6; Romans 7:7; compare Paul's use of sarx, "flesh");

(5) the "church" as Christ's body, the organism through which He manifests His life and in which H is spirit dwells (Ephesians 1:23 Colossians 1:24);

(6) the spiritual "unity" of believers, one redeemed society or organism (Ephesians 2:16; a corpus mysticum, Ephesians 4:4);

(7) "substance" (spiritual reality or life in Christ) versus "shadow" (Colossians 2:17);

(8) the ascended and glorified body of Jesus (Philippians 3:21);

(9) the resurrection or "spiritual" (v. natural) body of the redeemed in heaven (1 Corinthians 15:44);

(10) the whole personality, e.g. the spiritual presence, power and sacrificial work of Christ, the mystical meaning of "the body and the blood" symbolized in the bread and cup of the sacrament (1 Corinthians 11:27).

The term body is exceptionally rich in connection with the selfgiving, sacrificial, atoning work of Christ. It was the outward sphere or manifestation of His suffering. Through the physical He revealed the extent of His redeeming and sacrificial love. He "bare our sins in his body upon the tree" (1 Peter 2:24), thus forever displacing all the ceaseless and costly sacrifices of the old dispensation (Hebrews 9:24-28). Special terms, "body of his flesh" (Colossians 1:22); "body of sin" (Romans 6:6); "body of this death" (Romans 7:24); "body of his glory" (Philippians 3:21).

ptoma, used only of fallen, i.e. dead bodies (Revelation 11:8, 9).

Dwight M. Pratt


deth (soma tou thanatou): These words are found in Paul's impassioned argument on the reign of the law, which dooms man to continuous disappointment and convinces him of the terrible power of indwelling sin. "O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death?" (Romans 7:24 the King James Version). It is the "picture of the still unredeemed man in his relation to the law" (Meyer). The translation, "this body of death," though grammatically possible, is logically impermissible. The picture here before the mind of the apostle is not physical but ethical. Death points to the dominion of sin, to the reign of the law, as revealed in his physical life, from which he is delivered only through regeneration, by faith in Christ. It points to the "I must" and to the "I cannot." It is therefore the bondage under the law of sin, the body as the seat of this conscious and bitter struggle, that the figure points at. And yet the ethical may have a physical background. There may be a distant reference here to the dreadful punishment of the ancients of chaining the living body to a corpse, that the constant corruption of death might extinguish the life of the victim of this exquisite torture.

Henry E. Dosker


The King James Version translates the Hebrew idiom, etsem ha-shamayim, by "the body of heaven" (Exodus 24:10). A more correct rendering is given in the Revised Version (British and American), "the very heaven," taking the word `etsem in its idiomatic use as an intensive, which is derived from its literal meaning, "bone," as "strength," "substance," and then as "self" (compare Job 21:23); the substance of the blue, unclouded sky, hence, the clear sky itself.


spir'-it-u-al: Paul describes the body after the resurrection as a spiritual body (soma psuchikon) and contrasts it with the natural (psychical body, soma pneumatikon, 1 Corinthians 15:44). Our present natural body has for its life-principle the soul (psuche) but the resurrection body is adapted and subordinated to the spirit (pneuma). See PSYCHOLOGY. The apostle does not argue for a literal and material identity of that future body with the present one, but thinks of it as the counterpart of the present animal organism so conditioned as to be adapted to a state of existence which lies wholly within the sphere of the spirit. Against his Corinthian readers he argues that the resurrection cannot be succeeded by a state of non-existence, nor is he willing to admit a mere etherealized state. There must be a body, but between it and our present body there is a similar difference to that between the first and second Adam. The present body and the first Adam were alike dominated by the soul (psuche); but as the second Adam became a life-giving spirit, so will the resurrection body be a spiritual one. Christ became a life-giving spirit through the resurrection (Meyer on 1 Corinthians 15:45); and since we are to bear His image (1 Corinthians 15:49), it becomes evident that Christ's resurrection-body is the nearest possible approach to a sensible representation of the spiritual body. For this Paul argues more directly when he affirms that our resurrection-body shall be transformed according to the body of His glory (Philippians 3:21; compare 1 John 3:2). The body of Christ after the resurrection was conformed in many respects to the body of His earthly life, yet with some marked differences. He ate (Luke 24:42, 43); He breathed (John 20:22); possessed flesh and bones (Luke 24:39), and could be apprehended by the bodily senses (Luke 24:40 John 20:27). His body possessed characteristics which differentiated it entirely from the popular fancy of ghosts or apparitions (Luke 24:36-43). Yet His body was superior to the usual barriers which restrict human movements. Barred doors and distances did not impede His going (John 20:19-26 Luke 24:31-36). The context shows that the purpose of His eating was to convince the disciples that it was really He (Luke 24:41-43), and not to sustain life which His body was probably capable of maintaining in other ways. John speaks of His appearances after His resurrection as "manifestations" (John 21:1-21). A change in His person and appearance had certainly taken place, for those who knew Him best did not at once recognize Him (Luke 24:16 John 20:14). It is evident therefore that the post-resurrection-body of Jesus was one that had the power of materializing itself to natural senses, or withdrawing itself at will. It was this same body which was taken into the heavens at the ascension, and which remains in heaven (Acts 1:11; Acts 3:21). There is no hint that it underwent any change in its removal from earth. Hence, the spiritual body of which Paul speaks is not to be unlike the body which Jesus possessed after His resurrection. There is to be an absence of the desires and passions which belong naturally to the present bodily existence (Matthew 22:30 Luke 20:35, 36).

William Charles Morro


(soma pneumatikon, "body spiritual"): The resurrection-body, a body fitted to the capacities and wants of the spirit in the celestial world; an organism conformed to the spiritual life at the resurrection (see 1 Corinthians 15:44).






Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The material organized substance of an animal, whether living or dead, as distinguished from the spirit, or vital principle; the physical person.

2. (n.) The trunk, or main part, of a person or animal, as distinguished from the limbs and head; the main, central, or principal part, as of a tree, army, country, etc.

3. (n.) The real, as opposed to the symbolical; the substance, as opposed to the shadow.

4. (n.) A person; a human being; -- frequently in composition; as, anybody, nobody.

5. (n.) A number of individuals spoken of collectively, usually as united by some common tie, or as organized for some purpose; a collective whole or totality; a corporation; as, a legislative body; a clerical body.

6. (n.) A number of things or particulars embodied in a system; a general collection; as, a great body of facts; a body of laws or of divinity.

7. (n.) Any mass or portion of matter; any substance distinct from others; as, a metallic body; a moving body; an aeriform body.

8. (n.) Amount; quantity; extent.

9. (n.) That part of a garment covering the body, as distinguished from the parts covering the limbs.

10. (n.) The bed or box of a vehicle, on or in which the load is placed; as, a wagon body; a cart body.

11. (n.) The shank of a type, or the depth of the shank (by which the size is indicated); as, a nonpareil face on an agate body.

12. (n.) A figure that has length, breadth, and thickness; any solid figure.

13. (n.) Consistency; thickness; substance; strength; as, this color has body; wine of a good body.

14. (v. t.) To furnish with, or as with, a body; to produce in definite shape; to embody.

Strong's Hebrew
1655. geshem -- the body
... << 1654, 1655. geshem. 1656 >>. the body. Transliteration: geshem Phonetic
Spelling: (gheh'-shem) Short Definition: body. Word Origin ...
/hebrew/1655.htm - 6k

990. beten -- belly, body, womb
... beten. 991 >>. belly, body, womb. Transliteration: beten Phonetic Spelling:
(beh'-ten) Short Definition: womb. ... belly, body, as they be born, within, womb. ...
/hebrew/990.htm - 6k

1480. guphah -- a body, corpse
... << 1479, 1480. guphah. 1481 >>. a body, corpse. Transliteration: guphah Phonetic
Spelling: (goo-faw') Short Definition: bodies. ... body. ...
/hebrew/1480.htm - 6k

1472. gviyah -- a body, corpse
... << 1471, 1472. gviyah. 1472a >>. a body, corpse. Transliteration: gviyah Phonetic
Spelling: (ghev-ee-yaw') Short Definition: body. dead body, carcass, corpse ...
/hebrew/1472.htm - 5k

193a. ul -- the body, belly
... ul. 193b >>. the body, belly. Transliteration: ul Short Definition: body. Word Origin
from an unused word Definition the body, belly NASB Word Usage body (1). ...
/hebrew/193a.htm - 5k

1472a. geviyyah -- a body, corpse
... << 1472, 1472a. geviyyah. 1472b >>. a body, corpse. Transliteration: geviyyah
Short Definition: body. Word Origin from the same as gav ...
/hebrew/1472a.htm - 5k

8302. shiryon -- body armor
... << 8301b, 8302. shiryon or shiryan. 8303 >>. body armor. Transliteration: shiryon
or shiryan Phonetic Spelling: (shir-yone') Short Definition: armor. ...
/hebrew/8302.htm - 6k

1610. gaph -- body, self, height, elevation
... << 1609, 1610. gaph. 1611 >>. body, self, height, elevation. Transliteration:
gaph Phonetic Spelling: (gaf) Short Definition: alone. ...
/hebrew/1610.htm - 6k

4928. mishmaath -- an obedient band, body of subjects
... << 4927, 4928. mishmaath. 4929 >>. an obedient band, body of subjects. Transliteration:
mishmaath Phonetic Spelling: (mish-mah'-ath) Short Definition: guard. ...
/hebrew/4928.htm - 6k

8351. sheth -- seat (of the body), buttocks
... << 8350, 8351. sheth. 8352 >>. seat (of the body), buttocks. Transliteration:
sheth Phonetic Spelling: (shayth) Short Definition: buttocks. ...
/hebrew/8351.htm - 6k


Anatomy: Human


Body Image

Body is a Temple

Body of Death

Body of Heaven

Body Piercing

Body Soul and Spirit

Body: Called House

Body: Corruptible

Body: House of Clay

Body: Resurrection of

Body: The Temple of God

Corporal Punishment

Related Terms

Body-guard (23 Occurrences)

Body-covers (25 Occurrences)

Body-cover (11 Occurrences)

Body's (3 Occurrences)

Body-coats (4 Occurrences)

Body-coat (2 Occurrences)

Body-armour (1 Occurrence)

Body-servant (1 Occurrence)

Busy-body (1 Occurrence)

Carcass (30 Occurrences)

Arimathaea (4 Occurrences)

Arimathea (4 Occurrences)

Corpse (18 Occurrences)

Belly (62 Occurrences)

Carcase (38 Occurrences)

Bathed (45 Occurrences)

Abdomen (4 Occurrences)

State (51 Occurrences)

Single (65 Occurrences)

Ball (2 Occurrences)

Animal (163 Occurrences)


Stomach (40 Occurrences)

Special (89 Occurrences)

Bare (250 Occurrences)

Brake (80 Occurrences)

Bathe (35 Occurrences)

Crops (48 Occurrences)

Cease (138 Occurrences)

Congregation (347 Occurrences)

Caught (110 Occurrences)

Sea (4178 Occurrences)

Stem (18 Occurrences)

Sheet (9 Occurrences)

Senate (1 Occurrence)

Shoulder (72 Occurrences)

Sexual (59 Occurrences)

Spot (42 Occurrences)

Sown (45 Occurrences)

Supply (40 Occurrences)

Bathing (9 Occurrences)

Anxious (40 Occurrences)

Becoming (75 Occurrences)

Causes (89 Occurrences)

Bad (129 Occurrences)


Begged (71 Occurrences)

Knoweth (152 Occurrences)

Courage (74 Occurrences)

Knit (11 Occurrences)

Breeches (6 Occurrences)

Cohort (7 Occurrences)

Council (51 Occurrences)

Column (5 Occurrences)

Calves (34 Occurrences)

Acted (98 Occurrences)

Action (21 Occurrences)

Agony (20 Occurrences)

Apron (1 Occurrence)

Arimathe'a (4 Occurrences)

Ago (61 Occurrences)

Abner's (4 Occurrences)

Absent (15 Occurrences)

Side (4225 Occurrences)

Stoop (10 Occurrences)

Shear (5 Occurrences)

Sound (1245 Occurrences)

Spark (4 Occurrences)

Stabbed (6 Occurrences)

Sensual (8 Occurrences)

Secretly (104 Occurrences)

Subdue (26 Occurrences)

Simple (40 Occurrences)

Sense (195 Occurrences)

Skin (115 Occurrences)

Christ's (64 Occurrences)

Conscious (93 Occurrences)

Hell (53 Occurrences)

Ceremonially (38 Occurrences)

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