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Bible Concordance
Judgment (430 Occurrences)

Matthew 5:21 "You have heard that it was said to the ancient ones,'You shall not murder;' and'Whoever shall murder shall be in danger of the judgment.' (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)

Matthew 5:22 But I tell you, that everyone who is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment; and whoever shall say to his brother,' Raca!' shall be in danger of the council; and whoever shall say,'You fool!' shall be in danger of the fire of Gehenna. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)

Matthew 7:2 For with whatever judgment you judge, you will be judged; and with whatever measure you measure, it will be measured to you. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Matthew 10:15 Most certainly I tell you, it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment than for that city. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 11:22 But I tell you, it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon on the day of judgment than for you. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 11:24 But I tell you that it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom, on the day of judgment, than for you." (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 12:18 Behold my servant, whom I have chosen; my beloved, in whom my soul is well pleased: I will put my spirit upon him, and he shall shew judgment to the Gentiles. (KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)

Matthew 12:20 A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment unto victory. (KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)

Matthew 12:36 I tell you that every idle word that men speak, they will give account of it in the day of judgment. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 12:41 The men of Nineveh will stand up in the judgment with this generation, and will condemn it, for they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and behold, someone greater than Jonah is here. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 12:42 The queen of the south will rise up in the judgment with this generation, and will condemn it, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and behold, someone greater than Solomon is here. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 23:14 Wo to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye eat up the houses of the widows, and for a pretence make long prayers, because of this ye shall receive more abundant judgment. (DBY)

Matthew 23:23 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone. (KJV DBY WBS YLT)

Matthew 23:33 You serpents, you offspring of vipers, how will you escape the judgment of Gehenna? (WEB ASV DBY YLT)

Matthew 26:66 What do you think?" They answered, "He is worthy of death!" (See RSV)

Matthew 27:19 While he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him, saying, "Have nothing to do with that righteous man, for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him." (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)

Mark 3:29 but whoever may speak evil in regard to the Holy Spirit hath not forgiveness -- to the age, but is in danger of age-during judgment;' (YLT)

Mark 6:11 Whoever will not receive you nor hear you, as you depart from there, shake off the dust that is under your feet for a testimony against them. Assuredly, I tell you, it will be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment than for that city!" (WEB KJV WBS YLT)

Mark 12:40 who devour the houses of widows, and as a pretext make long prayers. These shall receive a severer judgment. (DBY YLT)

Mark 13:11 And when they lead you 'to judgment', and deliver you up, be not anxious beforehand what ye shall speak: but whatsoever shall be given you in that hour, that speak ye; for it is not ye that speak, but the Holy Spirit. (ASV)

Luke 10:14 But it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the judgment than for you. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 11:31 The Queen of the South will rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and will condemn them: for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and behold, one greater than Solomon is here. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 11:32 The men of Nineveh will stand up in the judgment with this generation, and will condemn it: for they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold, one greater than Jonah is here. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 11:42 But woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye tithe mint and rue and all manner of herbs, and pass over judgment and the love of God: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone. (KJV DBY WBS YLT)

Luke 20:47 who devour the houses of widows, and as a pretext make long prayers. These shall receive a severer judgment. (DBY YLT)

Luke 23:24 and Pilate gave judgment for their request being done, (YLT)

Luke 23:40 But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost thou too not fear God, thou that art under the same judgment? (DBY YLT)

Luke 24:20 and how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him up to the judgment of death and crucified him. (DBY YLT)

John 3:19 This is the judgment, that the light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the light; for their works were evil. (WEB ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)

John 5:22 For the Father judges no one, but he has given all judgment to the Son, (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

John 5:24 "Most certainly I tell you, he who hears my word, and believes him who sent me, has eternal life, and doesn't come into judgment, but has passed out of death into life. (WEB ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)

John 5:27 He also gave him authority to execute judgment, because he is a son of man. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

John 5:29 and will come out; those who have done good, to the resurrection of life; and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of judgment. (WEB ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)

John 5:30 I can of myself do nothing. As I hear, I judge, and my judgment is righteous; because I don't seek my own will, but the will of my Father who sent me. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

John 7:24 Don't judge according to appearance, but judge righteous judgment." (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

John 8:15 Ye according to the flesh do judge; I do not judge any one, (See NIV)

John 8:16 Even if I do judge, my judgment is true, for I am not alone, but I am with the Father who sent me. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

John 9:39 Jesus said, "I came into this world for judgment, that those who don't see may see; and that those who see may become blind." (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

John 12:31 Now is the judgment of this world. Now the prince of this world will be cast out. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

John 16:8 When he has come, he will convict the world about sin, about righteousness, and about judgment; (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

John 16:11 about judgment, because the prince of this world has been judged. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

John 18:28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover. (KJV WBS)

John 18:33 Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the King of the Jews? (KJV WBS)

John 19:9 And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer. (KJV WBS)

John 19:13 When Pilate therefore heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called "The Pavement," but in Hebrew, "Gabbatha." (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)

Acts 3:13 The God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, did glorify His child Jesus, whom ye delivered up, and denied him in the presence of Pilate, he having given judgment to release 'him', (YLT)

Acts 8:33 In his humiliation, his judgment was taken away. Who will declare His generation? For his life is taken from the earth." (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Acts 15:19 "Therefore my judgment is that we don't trouble those from among the Gentiles who turn to God, (WEB ASV NAS RSV NIV)

Acts 15:25 it seemed good to us, having arrived at a common judgment, to send chosen men to you with our beloved Barnabas and Paul, (DBY)

Acts 18:12 But when Gallio was proconsul of Achaia, the Jews with one accord rose up against Paul and brought him before the judgment seat, (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS NAS)

Acts 18:16 He drove them from the judgment seat. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS NAS)

Acts 18:17 Then all the Greeks laid hold on Sosthenes, the ruler of the synagogue, and beat him before the judgment seat. Gallio didn't care about any of these things. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS NAS)

Acts 21:25 But as touching the Gentiles that have believed, we wrote, giving judgment that they should keep themselves from things sacrificed to idols, and from blood, and from what is strangled, and from fornication. (ASV YLT RSV)

Acts 23:35 I will hear thee, said he, when thine accusers are also come. And he commanded him to be kept in Herod's judgment hall. (KJV WBS)

Acts 24:25 As he reasoned about righteousness, self-control, and the judgment to come, Felix was terrified, and answered, "Go your way for this time, and when it is convenient for me, I will summon you." (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Acts 25:6 When he had stayed among them more than ten days, he went down to Caesarea, and on the next day he sat on the judgment seat, and commanded Paul to be brought. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS)

Acts 25:10 But Paul said, "I am standing before Caesar's judgment seat, where I ought to be tried. I have done no wrong to the Jews, as you also know very well. (WEB KJV ASV DBY)

Acts 25:15 About whom, when I was at Jerusalem, the chief priests and the elders of the Jews informed me, desiring to have judgment against him. (KJV DBY WBS)

Acts 25:17 When therefore they had come together here, I didn't delay, but on the next day sat on the judgment seat, and commanded the man to be brought. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS)

Romans 1:32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them. (KJV DBY WBS YLT)

Romans 2:1 Therefore, thou art inexcusable, O man -- every one who is judging -- for in that in which thou dost judge the other, thyself thou dost condemn, for the same things thou dost practise who art judging, (See NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 2:2 We know that the judgment of God is according to truth against those who practice such things. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 2:3 Do you think this, O man who judges those who practice such things, and do the same, that you will escape the judgment of God? (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 2:5 But according to your hardness and unrepentant heart you are treasuring up for yourself wrath in the day of wrath, revelation, and of the righteous judgment of God; (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 3:4 May it never be! Yes, let God be found true, but every man a liar. As it is written, "That you might be justified in your words, and might prevail when you come into judgment." (WEB ASV DBY)

Romans 3:8 and not, according as we are injuriously charged, and according as some affirm that we say, Let us practise evil things, that good ones may come? whose judgment is just. (DBY YLT)

Romans 3:19 Now we know that whatever things the law says, it speaks to those who are under the law, that every mouth may be closed, and all the world may be brought under the judgment of God. (WEB ASV DBY YLT)

Romans 5:16 The gift is not as through one who sinned: for the judgment came by one to condemnation, but the free gift came of many trespasses to justification. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 5:18 Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. (KJV ASV WBS)

Romans 12:3 For through the authority graciously given to me I warn every individual among you not to value himself unduly, but to cultivate sobriety of judgement in accordance with the amount of faith which God has allotted to each one. (See NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 13:2 Therefore he who resists the authority, withstands the ordinance of God; and those who withstand will receive to themselves judgment. (WEB ASV YLT RSV NIV)

Romans 14:1 Now accept one who is weak in faith, but not for disputes over opinions. (See NAS NIV)

Romans 14:3 let not him who is eating despise him who is not eating: and let not him who is not eating judge him who is eating, for God did receive him. (See RSV)

Romans 14:4 Thou -- who art thou that art judging another's domestic? to his own master he doth stand or fall; and he shall be made to stand, for God is able to make him stand. (See RSV)

Romans 14:10 But you, why do you judge your brother? Or you again, why do you despise your brother? For we will all stand before the judgment seat of Christ. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 14:13 no longer, therefore, may we judge one another, but this judge ye rather, not to put a stumbling-stone before the brother, or an offence. (See RSV NIV)

1 Corinthians 1:10 Now I beg you, brothers, through the name of our Lord, Jesus Christ, that you all speak the same thing and that there be no divisions among you, but that you be perfected together in the same mind and in the same judgment. (WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV)

1 Corinthians 2:15 But he who has the Spirit, though judging all things, is himself judged by no one. (See NIV)

1 Corinthians 4:3 But with me it is a very small thing that I should be judged by you, or by man's judgment. Yes, I don't judge my own self. (WEB KJV ASV WBS)

1 Corinthians 4:5 so, then, nothing before the time judge ye, till the Lord may come, who will both bring to light the hidden things of the darkness, and will manifest the counsels of the hearts, and then the praise shall come to each from God. (See NAS RSV)

1 Corinthians 5:3 for I indeed, as being absent as to the body, and present as to the spirit, have already judged, as being present, him who so wrought this thing: (See RSV NIV)

1 Corinthians 6:1 Dare any one of you, having a matter with the other, go to be judged before the unrighteous, and not before the saints? (See NIV)

1 Corinthians 6:4 If then ye have judgments of things pertaining to this life, set them to judge who are least esteemed in the church. (Root in KJV DBY WBS YLT)

1 Corinthians 7:25 Now concerning virgins, I have no commandment from the Lord, but I give my judgment as one who has obtained mercy from the Lord to be trustworthy. (WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT NIV)

1 Corinthians 7:40 But she is happier if she stays as she is, in my judgment, and I think that I also have God's Spirit. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)

1 Corinthians 9:3 My answer to those who are judging me is this. (See NIV)

1 Corinthians 9:8 Do I speak these things according to the ways of men? Or doesn't the law also say the same thing? (See NAS)

1 Corinthians 11:29 For he who eats and drinks in an unworthy manner eats and drinks judgment to himself, if he doesn't discern the Lord's body. (WEB ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Corinthians 11:31 for if ourselves we were discerning, we would not be being judged, (See NIV)

1 Corinthians 11:34 But if anyone is hungry, let him eat at home, lest your coming together be for judgment. The rest I will set in order whenever I come. (WEB ASV DBY YLT NAS NIV)

1 Corinthians 14:29 And let the prophets give their words, but not more than two or three, and let the others be judges of what they say. (See NAS)

2 Corinthians 5:10 For we must all be revealed before the judgment seat of Christ; that each one may receive the things in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

2 Corinthians 8:10 I give a judgment in this: for this is expedient for you, who were the first to start a year ago, not only to do, but also to be willing. (WEB ASV)

Galatians 5:10 I have confidence toward you in the Lord that you will think no other way. But he who troubles you will bear his judgment, whoever he is. (WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Philippians 1:9 And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and in all judgment; (KJV WBS YLT)

Colossians 2:16 Let no one, then, judge you in eating or in drinking, or in respect of a feast, or of a new moon, or of sabbaths, (See RSV)

2 Thessalonians 1:5 This is an obvious sign of the righteous judgment of God, to the end that you may be counted worthy of the Kingdom of God, for which you also suffer. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Timothy 3:6 not a new convert, lest having been puffed up he may fall to a judgment of the devil; (YLT NIV)

1 Timothy 5:12 having judgment, because the first faith they did cast away, (YLT NIV)

1 Timothy 5:24 Some men's sins are evident, preceding them to judgment, and some also follow later. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)


Judgment (430 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Judgment hall. Gr. ... The "whole band" spoken of by Mark
were gathered together in the palace court. Judgment, The final. ...
/j/judgment.htm - 52k

Judgment-seat (10 Occurrences)
Judgment-seat. << Judgments, Judgment-seat. Judgment-seats >>.
Multi-Version Concordance Judgment-seat (10 Occurrences). ...
/j/judgment-seat.htm - 9k

Judgment-hall (4 Occurrences)
Judgment-hall. << Judgment-day, Judgment-hall. Judgments >>.
Multi-Version Concordance Judgment-hall (4 Occurrences). John ...
/j/judgment-hall.htm - 7k

Judgment-day (4 Occurrences)
Judgment-day. << Judgment, Judgment-day. Judgment-hall >>. Multi-Version
Concordance Judgment-day (4 Occurrences). Matthew 10:15 Verily ...
/j/judgment-day.htm - 7k

Judgment-seats (1 Occurrence)
Judgment-seats. << Judgment-seat, Judgment-seats. Judicial >>.
Multi-Version Concordance Judgment-seats (1 Occurrence). James ...
/j/judgment-seats.htm - 6k

Sentence (53 Occurrences)
... 1. (n.) Sense; meaning; significance. 2. (n.) An opinion; a decision; a
determination; a judgment, especially one of an unfavorable nature. ...
/s/sentence.htm - 24k

... a constant education in the sense of accountability; and even the heathen mind,
in classical times, had advanced so far as to believe in a judgment beyond the ...
/a/accountability.htm - 14k

Condemnation (30 Occurrences)
... Version (British and American) has rigidly excluded the harsh words "damn" and
"damnation," substituting "judge," "condemn," "judgment," "condemnation." This ...
/c/condemnation.htm - 20k

Doom (15 Occurrences)
... 1. (vt) Judgment; judicial sentence; penal decree; condemnation. ... 4. (vt) Discriminating
opinion or judgment; discrimination; discernment; decision. ...
/d/doom.htm - 12k

Convict (12 Occurrences)
... a careful and discriminating consideration of all the proofs offered, and has a
legal character, the verdict being rendered either in God's judgment (Romans 3 ...
/c/convict.htm - 12k

2920. krisis -- a decision, judgment
... a decision, judgment. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: krisis Phonetic
Spelling: (kree'-sis) Short Definition: judging, divine judgment Definition ...
/greek/2920.htm - 7k

2917. krima -- a judgment
... a judgment. Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: krima Phonetic Spelling:
(kree'-mah) Short Definition: a judgment, verdict, lawsuit Definition: (a) a ...
/greek/2917.htm - 7k

1341. dikaiokrisia -- righteous judgment
... righteous judgment. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: dikaiokrisia
Phonetic Spelling: (dik-ah-yok-ris-ee'-ah) Short Definition: just judgment ...
/greek/1341.htm - 7k

1253. diakrisis -- the act of judgment
... the act of judgment. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: diakrisis Phonetic
Spelling: (dee-ak'-ree-sis) Short Definition: distinguishing, deciding ...
/greek/1253.htm - 7k

2603. katabrabeuo -- to give judgment against
... to give judgment against. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: katabrabeuo Phonetic
Spelling: (kat-ab-rab-yoo'-o) Short Definition: I decide against, condemn ...
/greek/2603.htm - 7k

2632. katakrino -- to give judgment against
... to give judgment against. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: katakrino Phonetic
Spelling: (kat-ak-ree'-no) Short Definition: I condemn Definition: I condemn ...
/greek/2632.htm - 8k

1106. gnome -- purpose, opinion, consent, decision
... decision. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: gnome Phonetic Spelling:
(gno'-may) Short Definition: opinion, counsel, judgment, intention Definition ...
/greek/1106.htm - 7k

2919. krino -- to judge, decide
... 2919 -- properly, to separate (distinguish), ie judge; come to a (decision, judgment)
by making a -- either positive (a verdict in favor of) or negative (which ...
/greek/2919.htm - 11k

1067. geenna -- Gehenna, a valley W. and South of Jer., also a ...
... ("hell"), the place of - torment (judgment), refers strictly to the everlasting
abode of the redeemed where they experience divine judgment . ...
/greek/1067.htm - 7k

968. bema -- a step, raised place, by impl. a tribunal
... by impl. a tribunal NASB Word Usage ground (1), judgment seat (7), rostrum
(1), tribunal (3). judgment seat, throne. From the base ...
/greek/968.htm - 7k

Topical Bible Verses
1 Corinthians 4:5
Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God.

Romans 14:10-12
But why do you judge your brother? or why do you set at nothing your brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.

Hebrews 9:27
And as it is appointed to men once to die, but after this the judgment:

Matthew 12:37
For by your words you shall be justified, and by your words you shall be condemned.

Jude 1:24
Now to him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy,

Revelation 20:11-15
And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them.

Jude 1:6
And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he has reserved in everlasting chains under darkness to the judgment of the great day.

Revelation 22:12
And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.

John 12:48
He that rejects me, and receives not my words, has one that judges him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day.

Revelation 11:18
And the nations were angry, and your wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that you should give reward to your servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear your name, small and great; and should destroy them which destroy the earth.

ATS Bible Dictionary

Is put, in Matthew 5:21,22, for a court of judgment, a tribunal, namely, the tribunal of seven judges, which Josephus mentions as existing in every city, and which decided causes of minor importance. See under SYNAGOGUE.

For the expression, "judgment-hall," see PRETORIUM.

THE DAY OF JUDGMENT, for which the word "judgment" alone is sometimes used, is that great day, at the end of the world and of time, when Christ shall sit as judge over all the universe, and when every individual of the human race will be judged and recompensed according to his works, whether they be good or evil. The time of its coming and its duration are known only to God. It will break upon the world suddenly, and with a glorious but awful majesty. It will witness the perfect vindication of all the ways of God. The revelation of his justice, appalling but unstained, will fill the universe with approving wonder; but the revelation of his yet more amazing goodness will crown him with unutterable glory. The Redeemer especially will then receive his reward, and be glorified in his saints, who shall be raised from the dead in his likeness. He will divide all mankind into tow classes: all the righteous will be in one, and all the wicked in the other; all that love God in the one, and all that hate him in the other; all that penitently believed in Christ while they lived in the one, and all that died impenitent and unbelieving in the other. And this judgement and separation will be eternal: the former will rise in holiness and joy, and the latter sink in sin and woe forever, Ecclesiastes 11:9 Daniel 12:2 Matthew 10:15 12:36 25:31-46 26:64 John 5:22 Acts 17:31 Romans 14:10-12 2 Thessalonians 1:7-10 2 Peter 2:9 3:7 1 John 4:17 Revelation 20:12-15.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia



juj'-ing, juj'-ment: Often in the Old Testament for "to act as a magistrate" (Exodus 18:13 Deuteronomy 1:16; Deuteronomy 16:18, etc.), justice being administered generally by "elders" (Exodus 18:13-27), or "kings" (1 Samuel 8:20) or "priests" (Deuteronomy 18:15); applied to God as the Supreme Judge (Psalm 9:7, 8; Psalm 10:18; Psalm 96:13 Micah 4:3, etc.; Psalm 7:8 "Yahweh ministereth judgment," vividly describes a court scene, with Yahweh as Judge).

Often in the New Testament, ethically, for

(1) "to decide," "give a verdict," "declare an opinion" (Greek krino);

(2) "to investigate," "scrutinize" (Greek anakrino);

(3) "to discriminate," "distinguish" (Greek diakrino).

For (1), see Luke 7:43 Acts 15:19;

for (2) see 1 Corinthians 2:15; 1 Corinthians 4:3;

for (3)see 1 Corinthians 11:31; 1 Corinthians 14:29 m.

Used also forensically in Luke 22:30 Acts 25:10; and applied to God in John 5:22 Hebrews 10:30. The judgments of God are the expression of His justice, the formal declarations of His judgments, whether embodied in words (Deuteronomy 5:1 the King James Version, the Revised Version (British and American) "statutes"), or deeds (Exodus 6:6 Revelation 16:7), or in decisions that are yet to be published (Psalm 36:6). Man's consciousness of guilt inevitably associates God's judgments as declarations of the Divine justice, with his own condemnation, i.e. he knows that a strict exercise of justice means his condemnation, and thus "judgment" and "condemnation" become in his mind synonymous (Romans 5:16); hence, the prayer of Psalm 143:2, "Enter not into judgment"; also, John 6:29, "the resurrection of judgment" (the King James Version "damnation"); 1 Corinthians 11:29, "eateth and drinketh judgment" (the King James Version "damnation").

H. E. Jacobs


juj'-ment hol (to praitorion, "Then led they Jesus.... unto the hall of judgment.... and they themselves went not into the judgment hall" (John 18:28 the King James Version); "Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again" (John 18:33 the King James Version); "(Pilate) went again into the judgment hall" (John 19:9); "He commanded him to be kept in Herod's judgment hall" (Acts 23:35)):

"Judgment hall" is one of the ways in which the King James Version translates praitorion, which it elsewhere renders "Praetorium" (Mark 15:16); "the common hall" (Matthew 27:27). In this passage the English Revised Version renders it "palace"; in John 18:33; John 19:9 Acts 23:35, "palace" is also given by the English Revised Version; in Philippians 1:13, the King James Version renders, "palace," while the Revised Version (British and American) gives "the praetorian guard." Praitorion accordingly is translated in all these ways, "Praetorium," "the common hall," "the judgment hall," "the palace," "the praetorian guard." In the passages In the Gospels, the American Standard Revised Version renders uniformly "Praetorium."

The word originally meant the headquarters in the Roman camp, the space where the general's tent stood, with the camp altar; the tent of the commander-in-chief. It next came to mean the military council, meeting in the general's tent. Then it came to be applied to the palace in which the Roman governor or procurator of a province resided. In Jerusalem it was the magnificent palace which Herod the Great had built for himself, and which the Roman procurators seem to have occupied when they came from Caesarea to Jerusalem to transact public business.

Praitorion in Philippians 1:13 has been variously rendered, "the camp of the praetorian soldiers," "the praetorian guard," etc. For what is now believed to be its true meaning, see PRAETORIUM.

John Rutherfurd


(bema, "a raised place," "platform," "tribune," Matthew 27:19 John 19:13; see GABBATHA; Acts 12:21 margin (text "throne"); 18:12, 16;; 25:6, 17): In Greek law courts, one bema was provided for the accuser, another for the accused; but in the New Testament the word designates the official scat of a judge, usually of the Roman governor; also of the emperor (Acts 25:10); then of God (Romans 14:10), of Christ (2 Corinthians 5:10). The word kriterion, "a tribunal," "bench of judges" (James 2:6) occurs also in 1 Corinthians 6:2-4, and is there translated in the Revised Version margin by "tribunals."

See also JUDGE.


1. A Transcendental Doctrine:

In Christian theology the Last Judgment is an act in which God interposes directly into human history, brings the course of this world to a final close, determines the eternal fate of human beings, and places them in surroundings spiritually adapted to their final condition. The concept is purely transcendental, and is to be distinguished from the hope that God will interfere in the history of this world to determine it undeviatingly toward good. The transcendental doctrine is possible only when an exalted idea of God has been attained, although it may afterward be united with crasser theories, as in certain naive conceptions of Christianity at the present day.

2. The Doctrine in the Religion of Israel:

In the religion of Israel, the doctrine of the Last Judgment arose from "transcendentalizing" the concept of the "Day of the Lord." Just as hope of immortality replaced desire for length of days on earth, just the as for "the rejuvenation of Palestine" was substituted "an eternal abode in a new earth," so the ideal of a military victory over Israel's enemies expanded into God's solemn condemnation of evil. The concept thus strictly defined is hardly to be sought in the Old Testament, but Daniel 12:1-3 may contain it. The first unequivocal assertion would appear to be in Enoch 91:17, where the final state is contrasted with a preceding reign of earthly happiness. (If there has been no redaction in the latter part of this section, its date is prior to 165 B.C.) Hereafter the idea is so prevalent in the Jewish writings that detailed reference is needless. But it is by no means universal. Writings touched with Greek thought (En 108; 4 Macc; Philo) are content with an individual judgment at death. A unique theory is that of the Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs (Levi 18:8-14, e.g.), where the world grows into final blessedness without catastrophe. But much more common is the persistence of the non-transcendental ideas, ingrained as they were in the thought of the people (even in Philo; compare his prophecy of national earthly glory in Excr 9). This type of thought was so tenacious that it held its own alongside of the transcendental, and both points of view were accepted by more than one writer. Then the earthly happiness precedes the heavenly (as in Enoch 91), and there are two judgments, one by the Messiah and the other by God (2 Esdras 7; Syriac Baruch 30). So in Revelation 19 where Christ overcomes the enemies in battle-symbolism and establishes the Millennium, while the Last Judgment is held by God (20:11;). Otherwise the Messiah is never the judge except in the Parables of Enoch, where He appears as God's vicar uniformly (in 47:3 God fixes the time of judgment only). Possibly in The Wisdom of Solomon 4:16; 5:1 men share in the judgment-act but otherwise they (and angels) appear only as "assessors" or as executors of the sentence. In The Wisdom of Solomon 3:8, "judging" is used in the Old Testament sense of "rule" (Judges 3:10, etc.), as is the case in Matthew 19:28 parallel Luke 22:30 1 Corinthians 6:2, 3 (in the last case with the word in two senses). Further studies in the variation of the (rather conventionally fixed) details of the judgment will interest the special student only.

For discussions of the relevant Biblical passages, see DAY OF THE LORD; ESCHATOLOGY; PAROUSIA. The doctrine has real religious value, for it insists on a culmination in the evolution (or degeneration!) of the race as well as of the individual. So it is contrasted with the pessimism of natural science, which points only toward the gradual extinction of humanity through the cooling of the sun.


The variations of the concept are treated, fully only in Volz, Judische Eschatologie. For general literature see ESCHATOLOGY; PAROUSIA.

Burton Scott Easton





Easton's Bible Dictionary
Judgment hall

Gr. praitorion (John 18:28, 33; 19:9; Matthew 27:27), "common hall." In all these passages the Revised Version renders "palace." In Mark 15:16 the word is rendered "Praetorium" (q.v.), which is a Latin word, meaning literally the residence of the praetor, and then the governor's residence in general, though not a praetor. Throughout the Gospels the word "praitorion" has this meaning (Comp. Acts 23:35). Pilate's official residence when he was in Jerusalem was probably a part of the fortress of Antonia.

The trial of our Lord was carried on in a room or office of the palace. The "whole band" spoken of by Mark were gathered together in the palace court.

Judgment, The final

The sentence that will be passed on our actions at the last day (Matthew 25; Romans 14:10, 11; 2 Corinthians 5:10; 2 Thessalonians 1:7-10).

The judge is Jesus Christ, as mediator. All judgment is committed to him (Acts 17:31; John 5:22, 27; Revelation 1:7). "It pertains to him as mediator to complete and publicly manifest the salvation of his people and the overthrow of his enemies, together with the glorious righteousness of his work in both respects."

The persons to be judged are, (1) the whole race of Adam without a single exception (Matthew 25:31-46; 1 Corinthians 15:51, 52; Revelation 20:11-15); and (2) the fallen angels (2 Peter 2:4; Jude 1:6).

The rule of judgment is the standard of God's law as revealed to men, the heathen by the law as written on their hearts (Luke 12:47, 48; Romans 2:12-16); the Jew who "sinned in the law shall be judged by the law" (Romans 2:12); the Christian enjoying the light of revelation, by the will of God as made known to him (Matthew 11:20-24; John 3:19). Then the secrets of all hearts will be brought to light (1 Corinthians 4:5; Luke 8:17; 12:2, 3) to vindicate the justice of the sentence pronounced.

The time of the judgment will be after the resurrection (Hebrews 9:27; Acts 17:31).

As the Scriptures represent the final judgment "as certain [Ecclesiastes 11:9], universal [2 Corinthians 5:10], righteous [Romans 2:5], decisive [1 Corinthians 15:52], and eternal as to its consequences [Hebrews 6:2], let us be concerned for the welfare of our immortal interests, flee to the refuge set before us, improve our precious time, depend on the merits of the Redeemer, and adhere to the dictates of the divine word, that we may be found of him in peace."

Judgment seat

(Matthew 27:19), a portable tribunal (Gr. bema) which was placed according as the magistrate might direct, and from which judgment was pronounced. In this case it was placed on a tesselated pavement, probably in front of the procurator's residence. (see GABBATHA.)

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The act of judging; the operation of the mind, involving comparison and discrimination, by which a knowledge of the values and relations of thins, whether of moral qualities, intellectual concepts, logical propositions, or material facts, is obtained; as, by careful judgment he avoided the peril; by a series of wrong judgments he forfeited confidence.

2. (n.) The power or faculty of performing such operations (see 1); esp., when unqualified, the faculty of judging or deciding rightly, justly, or wisely; good sense; as, a man of judgment; a politician without judgment.

3. (n.) The conclusion or result of judging; an opinion; a decision.

4. (n.) The act of determining, as in courts of law, what is conformable to law and justice; also, the determination, decision, or sentence of a court, or of a judge; the mandate or sentence of God as the judge of all.

5. (v. i.) That act of the mind by which two notions or ideas which are apprehended as distinct are compared for the purpose of ascertaining their agreement or disagreement. See 1. The comparison may be threefold: (1) Of individual objects forming a concept. (2) Of concepts giving what is technically called a judgment. (3) Of two judgments giving an inference. Judgments have been further classed as analytic, synthetic, and identical.

6. (v. i.) That power or faculty by which knowledge dependent upon comparison and discrimination is acquired. See 2.

7. (n.) A calamity regarded as sent by God, by way of recompense for wrong committed; a providential punishment.

8. (n.) The final award; the last sentence.

Strong's Hebrew
8196. shephot -- judgment, act of judgment
... << 8195, 8196. shephot. 8197 >>. judgment, act of judgment. Transliteration: shephot
Phonetic Spelling: (shef-ote') Short Definition: judgment. ...
/hebrew/8196.htm - 6k

8201. shephet -- judgment
... << 8200, 8201. shephet. 8202 >>. judgment. Transliteration: shephet Phonetic
Spelling: (sheh'-fet) Short Definition: judgments. ... judgment. ...
/hebrew/8201.htm - 6k

1779. din -- judgment
... << 1778, 1779. din. 1780 >>. judgment. Transliteration: din Phonetic Spelling:
(doon) Short Definition: cause. ... cause, judgment, plea, strife. ...
/hebrew/1779.htm - 6k

6416. pelili -- for a judge, calling for judgment
... << 6415, 6416. pelili. 6417 >>. for a judge, calling for judgment. Transliteration:
pelili Phonetic Spelling: (pel-ee-lee') Short Definition: judgment. ...
/hebrew/6416.htm - 6k

4941. mishpat -- judgment
... << 4940, 4941. mishpat. 4942 >>. judgment. Transliteration: mishpat Phonetic
Spelling: (mish-pawt') Short Definition: justice. Word Origin ...
/hebrew/4941.htm - 7k

1780. din -- judgment
... << 1779, 1780. din. 1781 >>. judgment. Transliteration: din Phonetic Spelling:
(deen) Short Definition: court. ... judgment. (Aramaic) corresp. To duwn -- judgement. ...
/hebrew/1780.htm - 6k

2940. taam -- taste, judgment
... << 2939, 2940. taam. 2941 >>. taste, judgment. Transliteration: taam Phonetic
Spelling: (tah'-am) Short Definition: taste. Word Origin ...
/hebrew/2940.htm - 6k

2942. teem -- taste, judgment, command
... << 2941, 2942. teem. 2943 >>. taste, judgment, command. Transliteration:
teem Phonetic Spelling: (teh-ame') Short Definition: decree. ...
/hebrew/2942.htm - 6k

5880. En Mishpat -- "spring of judgment," another name for a place ...
... "spring of judgment," another name for a place called Kadesh. Transliteration: En
Mishpat Phonetic Spelling: (ane mish-pawt') Short Definition: En-mishpat. ...
/hebrew/5880.htm - 6k

8204. Shiphtan -- "judgment," a prince of Ephraim
... << 8203, 8204. Shiphtan. 8205 >>. "judgment," a prince of Ephraim. Transliteration:
Shiphtan Phonetic Spelling: (shif-tawn') Short Definition: Shiphtan. ...
/hebrew/8204.htm - 6k



Judgment Hall

Judgment Seat

Judgment: According to Opportunity and Works

Judgment: The General

Judgmental People

The Judgment of Christians, by the Gospel

The Judgment of Heathen, by the Law of Conscience

The Judgment of Jews, by the Law of Moses

The Judgment: A Day Appointed For

The Judgment: A First Principle of the Gospel

The Judgment: Called The: Day of Destruction

The Judgment: Called The: Day of Judgment and Perdition of Ungodly Men

The Judgment: Called The: Day of Wrath

The Judgment: Called The: Judgment of the Great Day

The Judgment: Called The: Revelation of the Righteous Judgment of God

The Judgment: Christ Will Acknowledge Saints At

The Judgment: Devils Shall be Condemned At

The Judgment: Final Punishment of the Wicked Will Succeed

The Judgment: Neglected Advantages Increase Condemnation At

The Judgment: None, by Nature Can Stand In

The Judgment: Perfect Love Will Give Boldness In

The Judgment: Predicted in the Old Testament

The Judgment: Saints Shall be Rewarded At

The Judgment: Saints Shall Sit With Christ In

The Judgment: Saints Shall, Through Christ, be Enabled to Stand In

The Judgment: Shall be Administered by Christ

The Judgment: Shall be Held Upon: All Men

The Judgment: Shall be Held Upon: All Nations

The Judgment: Shall be Held Upon: Quick and Dead

The Judgment: Shall be Held Upon: Small and Great

The Judgment: Shall be Held Upon: The Righteous and Wicked

The Judgment: Shall be in Righteousness

The Judgment: Shall be of All: Actions

The Judgment: Shall be of All: Thoughts

The Judgment: Shall be of All: Words

The Judgment: Shall Take Place at the Coming of Christ

The Judgment: The Books Shall be Opened At

The Judgment: The Certainty of, a Motive to Faith

The Judgment: The Certainty of, a Motive to Holiness

The Judgment: The Certainty of, a Motive to Prayer and Watchfulness

The Judgment: The Certainty of, a Motive to Repentance

The Judgment: The Wicked Dread

The Judgment: The Wicked Shall be Condemned In

The Judgment: The Word of Christ Shall be a Witness Against the Wicked In

The Judgment: Time of, Unknown to Us

The Judgment: Warn the Wicked of

Related Terms

Judgment-seat (10 Occurrences)

Judgment-hall (4 Occurrences)

Judgment-day (4 Occurrences)

Judgment-seats (1 Occurrence)

Sentence (53 Occurrences)


Condemnation (30 Occurrences)

Doom (15 Occurrences)

Convict (12 Occurrences)

Breastplate (45 Occurrences)

Seat (256 Occurrences)

Verdict (7 Occurrences)

Danger (118 Occurrences)

Pervert (18 Occurrences)

Pavement (9 Occurrences)

Breastpiece (21 Occurrences)

Conclude (1 Occurrence)

Conviction (10 Occurrences)

Account (460 Occurrences)

Administer (10 Occurrences)

Partiality (26 Occurrences)

Spirits (129 Occurrences)

Conscience (36 Occurrences)

Controversy (21 Occurrences)

Condemn (43 Occurrences)

Condemned (49 Occurrences)

Discern (49 Occurrences)

Zephaniah (11 Occurrences)

Verity (2 Occurrences)

Meek (23 Occurrences)

Perverteth (7 Occurrences)

Perversity (23 Occurrences)

Partial (14 Occurrences)

Practise (52 Occurrences)

Practising (7 Occurrences)

Praetorium (8 Occurrences)

Breast-plate (22 Occurrences)

Bribe (27 Occurrences)

Censure (3 Occurrences)


Strife (71 Occurrences)

Committed (201 Occurrences)

Plea (35 Occurrences)

Cruelty (8 Occurrences)

Perdition (14 Occurrences)

Cruel (196 Occurrences)

Sanhedrin (19 Occurrences)

Sodom (49 Occurrences)

Shone (27 Occurrences)

Pronounced (63 Occurrences)

Verily (146 Occurrences)

Praetorian (2 Occurrences)

Sits (52 Occurrences)

Valley (187 Occurrences)

Malachi (2 Occurrences)

Pronounce (47 Occurrences)

Consult (27 Occurrences)

Showed (164 Occurrences)

Decide (33 Occurrences)

Sitteth (74 Occurrences)

Adversaries (93 Occurrences)

Age-during (167 Occurrences)

Salvation (386 Occurrences)

Yahweh (6653 Occurrences)

Visitation (17 Occurrences)

Doubt (49 Occurrences)

Deem (4 Occurrences)

Decline (10 Occurrences)

Dishonest (33 Occurrences)

Discernings (1 Occurrence)

Disputes (18 Occurrences)

Difficult (31 Occurrences)

Despised (96 Occurrences)

Measuring (42 Occurrences)

Man-slayer (20 Occurrences)

Mistake (5 Occurrences)

Perverting (6 Occurrences)

Prejudice (2 Occurrences)

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