5352. naqah
Lexical Summary
naqah: to be empty or clean
Original Word: נָקָה
Transliteration: naqah
Phonetic Spelling: (naw-kaw')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to be empty or clean
Meaning: to be, clean, to be bare, extirpated
Strong's Concordance
acquit at all, altogether, be blameless, cleanse, be clearing, cut off

A primitive root; to be (or make) clean (literally or figuratively); by implication (in an adverse sense) to be bare, i.e. Extirpated -- acquit X at all, X altogether, be blameless, cleanse, (be) clear(-ing), cut off, be desolate, be free, be (hold) guiltless, be (hold) innocent, X by no means, be quit, be (leave) unpunished, X utterly, X wholly.


H5352. naqah

[נָקָה‎] verb be empty(?), clean (Ecclus 16:11b Niph`al Imperfect ינקהbe unpunished, so Ecclesiasticus 40:15; Ecclesiasticus 31:5 = Proverbs 28:20; Late Hebrew Pi`el = Biblical Hebrew; Aramaic נְקָא‎ Pa`el = Biblical Hebrew, adjective נְקֵאclean; Phoenician נקי‎ adjective pure; Palmyrene נקאbe clean (perhaps) in proper name SachauZMG xxxv (1881), 735 Lzb325; Assyrian nâkû, pour out, pour libation, make offering, nikû, libation, offering; Old Aramaic נקיה‎ perhaps = נוּקָיָהlibation (Lzb326), compare Syriac Cook83; Syriac Pa`el pour out, make a libation; on the other hand, Arabic purus, mundus fuit Kam Frey; II. cleanse, etc., Lane3037. — Original meaning probably empty out, hence pour and be empty, clean); **נְקָא ᵑ7‎ Pa`el = cleanse (with lye) Isaiah 1:25; adjective נְקֵאclean of bread or fruit Genesis 40:16 ᵑ7J i, Deuteronomy 6:3 ᵑ7J ii, = exempt (Biblical Hebrew נָקִי‎) 1 Kings 15:22. —

Qal Infinitive absolute נָקֹהJeremiah 49:12 (תִּנָּקֶה נָקֹה‎, probably error for ת ׳הנקה‎, compare 25:29).

Niph`al Perfect3masculine singular נִקָּהZechariah 5:3 5t.; feminine נִקְּתָהNumbers 5:28; נִקָּ֑תָהIsaiah 3:26; 2masculine singular נִקֵּיתָGenesis 24:8; 1singular נִקֵּיתִיJudges 15:3 2t.; Imperfect יִנָקֶהProverbs 6:29 6t.; 2 masculine singular תִּנָּקֶהGenesis 24:41 2t.; plural תִּנָּקוּJeremiah 25:29 (twice in verse); Imperative הִנָּקֹיNumbers 5:19; Infinitive הִנָּקִהJeremiah 25:29; —

1 be cleaned out, of a plundered city Isaiah 3:26; purged out, of liars and perjurers Zechariah 5:3 (twice in verse).

2 be clean, free from guilt, innocent, Jeremiah 2:35 with מִמֶּשַׁע מִן,Psalm 19:14; מֵעָוֺןNumbers 5:31(P); מִמְּלִשְׁתִּיםfrom (at the hands of) the Philistines Judges 15:3.

3 be free, exempt from punishment, absolute Exodus 21:19 (E) Numbers 5:28 (P) 1 Samuel 26:9; יִנָּקֶה לֹאProverbs 6:29; 11:21; 16:5; 17:5; 19:5, 9; 28:20; Jeremiah 25:29 (3 t. in verse); 49:12 b, תִּנָּקֶה נָקֹה49:12 a.

4 free, exempt from obligation, with מִן‎, from oaths Genesis 24:8, 41 (J); הַמָּרִים מִמֵּי‎ from effects of drinking the bitter water Numbers 5:19 (P).

Piel Perfect1singular נִקֵּיתִיJoshua 4:21 (נִקַּמְתִּי ᵑ6 ᵐ5‎; so Now SS Buhl); Imperfect3masculine singular יְנַקֶּהExodus 20:7 2t.; יְנַקֵּ֑הNumbers 14:18; Nahum 1:3; 2masculine singular suffix תְּנַקֵּנִיJob 9:28; 10:14; תְּנַקֵּהוּ1 Kings 2:9; 1singular suffix אֲנַקֶּ֑ךָּJeremiah 30:11; 46:28; Imperative suffix נַקֵּנִיPsalm 19:13; Infinitive absolute נַקֵּהExodus 34:7 4t.; —

1. hold innocent, acquit, Job 9:28; מֵעֲוֺנִי10:4; מִנִּסְתּרוֺתPsalm 19:13.

2 leave unpunished: of man, with accusative 1 Kings 2:9; elsewhere of God: absolute יְנַקֶּה לאֹ נַקֵּהExodus 34:7 (twice in verse) = Numbers 14:18 (twice in verse) (all J) = Nahum 1:3 (twice in verse); with accusative יְנַקֶּה לאֹExodus 20:7 = Deuteronomy 5:11; אֲנַקֶּךָּ לאֹ נַקֵּהJeremiah 30:11 (twice in verse) = 46:28 (twice in verse), compare Joel 4:21 (twice in verse) (but see above).


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