8138. shanah
Lexical Summary
shanah: to repeat, do again
Original Word: שָׁנָה
Transliteration: shanah
Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-naw')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to repeat, do again
Meaning: to fold, duplicate, to transmute
Strong's Concordance
do speak, strike again, alter, double, be given to change, disguise, be diverse, pervert,

A primitive root; to fold, i.e. Duplicate (literally or figuratively); by implication, to transmute (transitive or intransitive) -- do (speak, strike) again, alter, double, (be given to) change, disguise, (be) diverse, pervert, prefer, repeat, return, do the second time.


H8138. shanah

I. [שָׁנָה‎] verb change (Late Hebrew Pi`el, etc.; Ecclus 42:24; etc.; Assyrian šanû, change, Aramaic שְׁנָא‎, Nabataean Ethpa`al Lzb379; Syriac , especially mentally = grow insane; compare (probably) Late Hebrew שָׁנָהyear, = Phoenician שת שנת,‎; MI2, 8 שת‎; Assyrian šattu (compare Muss-ArnJBL xi (1892), 73 n.); Arabic ; Aramaic שַׁתָּא שְׁנַא,‎, , ; Old Aramaic, Nabataean, Palmyrene שנן שת, שנת, שנתא,‎ Lzb379f.; on year from changing seasons, see PhilippiZMG xxxii (1878), 79 f. BaZMG xll (1887), 612, 621, 636 (especially against DHMVIme Orient. Congr. ii. 1, 452 who proposes biliteral √), compare Thes; a daring suggestion by JenZA vii (1892), 177); —

Qal Perfect1singular שָׁנִיתִי לאֹMalachi 3:6 I am ׳׳י‎, I do not change: Imperfect3masculine singular יִשְׁנֶא‎ (Ges§ 75rr) Lamentations 4:1 how is the fine gold changed (si vera lectio; LöhrNow יִשָּׁנֵא‎; gloss on יוּעַס‎ Bu Löhr); Infinitive construct עֶלְיוֺן יְמִין שְׁנוֺתPsalm 77:11 the right hand of the Highest is changed (ᵑ7 ᵑ9 ᵑ6‎ Aq Symm Theod Hup-Now RVm Bae Du We Buhl; AV RV Ew De Che and others years, usually insert I will remember); Participle שׁוֺנִיםEsther 1:7 differing, different, with מִן‎, compare 3:8 (so Ecclus 42:24); Proverbs 24:21 those who change (but dubious, see Toy).

Pi`el transitive, change, alter: Perfect3masculine singular שִׁנָּהJeremiah 52:33 with accusative garments, = שִׁנָּא‎ (Gesl.c.) 2 Kings 25:29; Imperfect3masculine singular דִּין יְשַׁנֶּהProverbs 31:5 lest he pervert the judgment; וַיְשַׁנּוֺ1 Samuel 21:14 (read וַיְשַׁן‎ Ges§ 75bb, וַיְשַׁנֶּה‎ We Dr (and references), compare Bu HPS Now), with accusative טַעְמוֺ‎ (see טַעַם‎, and Assyrian šanê ‰êmi, madness); וַיְשַׁנֶּהָEsther 2:9, i.e. changed her place הַנָּשִׁים בֵּית לְטוֺב‎; 1 singular Psalm 89:35 the utterance of my lips I will not change ("" בְּרִיתִי אֲחַלֵּל לֹא‎); Infinitive construct אֶתדַּֿרְכֵךְ לְשַׁנּוֺתJeremiah 2:36 i.e. change thy political course; טַעְמוֺ אֶתֿ בְּשַׁנּוֺתוֺPsalm 34:1 (title; compare 1 Samuel 21:14 above); Participle פָנָיו מְשַׁנֶּהJob 14:20 altering his face, i.e. in death (subject God).

Pu`al Imperfect3masculine singular יְשֻׁנֶּא מָּנָיו וְעֹז‎ (Ges§ 75rr) Ecclesiastes 8:1, usually is changed, mollified, Siegf יִשָּׂנֵאis hated (on פ ׳עֹז‎ see עֹז

4, √עזז‎).

Hithpa`el Perfect2feminine singular consecutive וְהִשְׁתַּנִּית קוּמִי1 Kings 14:2 arise, pray, and disguise thyself.

III. שָׁנָהverb repeat, do again (Late Hebrew id.; Ecclus 42:1; Arabic bend, fold, double; Aramaic תְּנָאrepeat, also teach, ; Assyrian šanû, especially Pi`el repeat, relate, compare ScheilZA v (1890), 409 (Dl thinks denominative); on ׳שׁ‎ as √of שְׁנַיִםtwo, see PhilippiZMG xxxii (1878), 77 Baib. xli (1887), 603); —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular ׳שׁ2 Samuel 20:10; Imperfect1singular אֶשְׁנֶה1 Samuel 26:8, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שְׁנוּ1 Kings 18:34; Participle שֹׁנֶהProverbs 17:9; 26:11; — do again: שׁ ׳וַיַּכֵּהוּוְ֗֗֗לֹא לוֺ2 Samuel 20:10, compare 1 Samuel 26:8; absolute 1 Kings 18:34 (twice in verse); Nehemiah 13:21; = speak again Job 29:22 + 40:5 according to many moderns (אשׁנה‎ for אענה ᵑ0‎); ׳שׁ בְּדָבָרProverbs 17:9 repeat with a thing, keep talking about it (דבר שנות‎ Ecclus 42:1); 26:11 a dullard repeats with (ב‎) his folly, does it over again (learns nothing by experience).

Niph`al Infinitive construct מַּעֲמָ֑יִם אֶלמַּֿרְעֹה הַחֲלוֺם הִשָּׁנוֺת וְעַלGenesis 41:32 (E) concerning the dream's being repeated, etc.


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