713. argaman
Lexical Summary
argaman: purple, red-purple
Original Word: אַרְגָּמָן
Transliteration: argaman
Phonetic Spelling: (ar-gaw-mawn')
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Short Definition: purple, red-purple
Meaning: purple, red-purple
Strong's Concordance

Of foreign origin; purple (the color or the dyed stuff) -- purple.


H713. argaman

אַרְגָּמָןnoun [masculine] purple, red-purple, i.e. purple thread & cloth (Assyrian argamannu COT Exodus 25:4, Arabic , Aramaic , compare אַרְגְּוָן‎ above; etymology dubious; possibly Sanskrit râgaman, adjective red, reddish, from râga, red colour, so Benary compare Thes Add111 Rob-Ges; see MV; Thes earlier, from רגם‎; but probably loan-word, compare also LagBN 205; Persian is also cited by PS) — form always as above —

1 purple thread, compare especially Exodus 35:25; 39:3; Esther 1:6;

a. mostly Exodus (P) with reference to the hangings of tabernacle, the ephod, etc.; seldom alone; with תְּכֵלֶת‎, violet (q. v.), שָׁנִי תּוֺלַעַת‎, (מָשְׁזָב‎) שֵׁשׁ‎, (also עִזִּים‎) Exodus 25:4; 26:1, 31, 36; 27:16; 35:8, 25, 35; 36:8, 35, 37; 38:18, 23; 39:24 (on text see Di) 39:29; with these + זָהָב28:5-6, 8, 15; 39:2; 39:3; 39:5; 39:8; omitted מ ׳שֵׁשׁ28:33; 39:1; also of temple-hangings, with בּוּץ תְּכֵלֶת,‎ & כַּרְמִיל2 Chronicles 3:14; compare 2:13 (see also 2:6 see below אַרְגְּוָן‎).

b. as indicating wealth & luxury of Tyre, c. תְּכֵלֶת רִקְמָה, שֵׁשׁ,Ezekiel 27:7; with רִקְמָה‎ & בּוּץ27:16 (as articles of commerce); also in Persia, with בּוּץEsther 1:6.

2 purple cloth, chiefly of garments, א ׳בֶּגֶדNumbers 4:13; Judges 8:26; וְא בּוּץ ׳וְתַכְרִיךְEsther 8:15, וְא ׳שֵׁשׁ לְבוּשָׁהּProverbs 31:22; וְא ׳תְּכֵלָת לְבוּשָׁםJeremiah 10:9; also א ׳מֶרְכָּבוֺ‎ Cant 3:10; in simile, of woman's hair Cant 7:6.


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